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Semi-Detached Idealists: The British Peace Movement and International Relations, 1854-1945

Martin Ceadel

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241170
eISBN:
9780191696893
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241170.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Britain's semi-detached geographical position has helped to give it the world's strongest peace movement. Secure enough from invasions to be influenced by an idealistic approach to international ... More


The Political Writings of Eva Gore-Booth

Sonja Tiernan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719088742
eISBN:
9781781708859
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088742.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The Political Writings of Eva Gore-Booth is a compilation of writings by this important Irish political activist. This is the first time that Gore-Booth’s writings have been published together. The ... More


Military Matters

John Gilmour

in Sweden, the Swastika and Stalin: The Swedish experience in the Second World War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748627462
eISBN:
9780748671274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627462.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The defence budget-cut in 1925 had reduced military strength which the 1936 re-armament decision tried to reverse. By 1939, the Swedish navy was rather obsolete. Sweden had only 150 aircraft that ... More


War and Revolution and the Scottish Working Class

William Kenefick

in Red Scotland!: The Rise and Fall of the Radical Left, c. 1872 to 1932

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748625178
eISBN:
9780748653430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625178.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

This chapter examines the other nerve centres of discontent that were forming beyond the west of Scotland in such places as Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh, and the mining districts of Fife. It notes ... More


From Northern Virginia to the Peninsula: 8 January–1 May 1862

Graham T. Dozier

in A Gunner in Lee's Army: The Civil War Letters of Thomas Henry Carter

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469618746
eISBN:
9781469618760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469618746.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter presents the letters written by Thomas Henry Carter to his wife Susan between January 8 and May 1, 1862. In these letters, Carter talks about how and his men of the King William ... More


Contested Access: Conscription, Public Health, and Education from the Fin de Siècle through the Interwar Period

Sarah Abrevaya Stein

in Saharan Jews and the Fate of French Algeria

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226123608
eISBN:
9780226123882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226123882.003.0005
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

In the early decades of the twentieth century, Jews and Muslims in Algeria’s south assumed ever more strident, and, increasingly, divergent public postures in the face of French military rule. For ... More


Proving Patriotism: CATHOLIC MISSIONARIES AND THE FIRST WORLD WAR IN SENEGAL

Elizabeth A. Foster

in Faith in Empire: Religion, Politics, and Colonial Rule in French Senegal, 1880-1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804783804
eISBN:
9780804786225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804783804.003.0005
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

Chapter 4 further explores the theme of metropolitan demands on the colony by examining the difficult position of both Catholic missionaries and colonial administrators during the wide-reaching ... More


Federal Manpower Needs and the U.S. Army's Veteran Reserve Corps

Paul A. Cimbala

in Scraping the Barrel: The Military Use of Substandard Manpower, 1860–1960

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823239771
eISBN:
9780823239818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239771.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

During the Civil War, the US Army ran short on manpower. Conscription helped, but so did keeping some less-able men, those weakened by wounds or sickness, in the Invalid Corps (later Veteran Reserve ... More


Scraping the Barrel: African American Troops and World War I

Steven Short

in Scraping the Barrel: The Military Use of Substandard Manpower, 1860–1960

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823239771
eISBN:
9780823239818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239771.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

Like American society, around World War I the US Army saw African-Americans as second-rate. There were Black units, but they were assigned to remote areas. When the Army was expanded to fight WWI, ... More


Below the Bar: The U.S. Army and Limited Service Manpower

Sanders Marble

in Scraping the Barrel: The Military Use of Substandard Manpower, 1860–1960

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823239771
eISBN:
9780823239818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239771.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

During World War I, the US had to quickly mobilize an army. Rather than demanding full physical fitness, it started accepting men with job skills, and tacitly accepted that the army was an industrial ... More


Quite Like Ourselves: Opposition to Military Compulsion during the Great War in the United States and Australia

Robin Archer

in Frontiers of Labor: Comparative Histories of the United States and Australia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041839
eISBN:
9780252050503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041839.003.0002
Subject:
History, Economic History

In the United States, there was substantial opposition to entering World War I, and yet conscription was introduced more quickly than in any other English-speaking country. In Australia, opposition ... More


Workers against Warfare: The American and Australian Experiences before and during World War I

Burgmann Jeffrey and Jeffrey A. Johnson

in Frontiers of Labor: Comparative Histories of the United States and Australia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041839
eISBN:
9780252050503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041839.003.0003
Subject:
History, Economic History

Working-class antimilitarism before and during World War I was an internationalist and international movement that transcended national boundaries. In the USA and Australia, this movement argued that ... More


Domestic “Dogs of War” Unleashed: The Comparative Fates of Municipal Labor and Socialist Politics in the United States and Australia during the Great War

Shelton Stromquist

in Frontiers of Labor: Comparative Histories of the United States and Australia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041839
eISBN:
9780252050503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041839.003.0004
Subject:
History, Economic History

Municipal politics offers an opportunity to assess the impact of the Great War on the lives of workers in Australia and the United States and the fortunes of labor and socialist parties. Although ... More


Introduction

D. Colin Jaundrill

in Samurai to Soldier: Remaking Military Service in Nineteenth-Century Japan

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501703096
eISBN:
9781501706097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501703096.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This introductory chapter discusses Grand Council of State's Conscription Pronouncement (Chōhei Kokuyu), which declared the state's intention to institute a blueprint for military service ... More


Enlisting Citizens in the Military Mobilization of the Nationalist State

Yan Xu

in The Soldier Image and State-Building in Modern China, 1924-1945

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813176741
eISBN:
9780813176772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176741.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

Xu discusses how conscription laws, army textbooks, and the New Life Movement propaganda helped the Chinese Nationalist state construct the soldier figure in the 1930s. These supplementary materials ... More


On the appearance and disappearance of staff

Richard Farmer

in "Cinemas and cinemagoing in wartime Britain, 1939-45": The utility dream palace

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780719091889
eISBN:
9781526109644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091889.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

Maintaining adequate staffing levels was a major concern for many cinema managers especially after many young men were called up into the services. Exhibitors repeatedly attempted to get certain ... More


Prologue

Gerard Noonan

in The IRA in Britain, 1919-1923: 'In the Heart of Enemy Lines'

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781781380260
eISBN:
9781781387191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781380260.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In this chapter, the history of the Irish Volunteers in Britain is traced from its foundation in 1914 to the outbreak of the Irish war of independence in January 1919. Context and historical ... More


Citizen soldiers: National servicemen in the Korean War

Grace Huxford

in The Korean War in Britain: Citizenship, selfhood and forgetting

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526118950
eISBN:
9781526138958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526118950.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines how citizenship and selfhood were subtly recalibrated through conscription in Cold War Britain and uncovers details of the lives of young national servicemen in Korea. It begins ... More


The anarchist anti-conscription movement in the USA

Kathy E. Ferguson

in Anarchism, 1914-18: Internationalism, Anti-Militarism and War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781784993412
eISBN:
9781526128188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784993412.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

This paper explores the activities of The No-Conscription League in the U.S. in order to analyse the conceptual logic and the political strategy of the movement. The grounds of the anarchists’ ... More


‘The Waging of War.’ 1939–45

Martin Johnes

in Wales since 1939

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719086663
eISBN:
9781781705988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086663.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The first chapter explores the Welsh experience of the Second World War, paying particular attention to how the war interacted with popular ideas of Welshness and Britishness. It argues that the war ... More


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