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“The Spirit and Strategy of the United Front”: Randolph and the National Negro Congress, 1936–1940

Erik S. Gellman

in Reframing Randolph: Labor, Black Freedom, and the Legacies of A. Philip Randolph

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814785942
eISBN:
9780814724477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814785942.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter explores Randolph's involvement in the National Negro Congress (NNC), and how the organization's history provides a compelling example of the internal frictions that would eventually ... More


Transforming Liberalism, 1933–1940

Eric Schickler

in Racial Realignment: The Transformation of American Liberalism, 1932-1965

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691153872
eISBN:
9781400880973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153872.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on three developments in the mid- to late 1930s that together helped bring civil rights into mainstream liberals' program. The first is African Americans' emergence as a ... More


Organizing the Sexual Division of Labor: Historical Perspectives on “Women’s Work” and the American Labor Movement

Ruth Milkman

in On Gender, Labor, and Inequality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040320
eISBN:
9780252098581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040320.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter examines the effects of union organization on women workers and sexual division of labor, focusing on the 1930s and 1940s along with earlier developments in U.S. women's labor history. ... More


The CIO’s in Dixie!

Robin D. G. Kelley

in Hammer and Hoe: Alabama Communists during the Great Depression

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625485
eISBN:
9781469625508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625485.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter discusses the formation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in 1935, which fanned the flames of anti-Communism while simultaneously creating opportunities for Communists in ... More


Economic Crisis and Class Hegemony: The Rule of Downtown

Chris Rhomberg

in No There There: Race, Class, and Political Community in Oakland

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520236189
eISBN:
9780520940888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520236189.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter investigates the shift of social and political conflict to the central axis of class. It outlines the structural impacts of the Depression on the Oakland population. Facing economic ... More


Silver Lining: New Deals for Asian Americans, 1924–1941

Lon Kurashige

in Two Faces of Exclusion: The Untold History of Anti-Asian Racism in the United States

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469629438
eISBN:
9781469629452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469629438.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter focuses on the debate over Asian immigration exclusion between the enactment of Japanese exclusion and World War II. During this time, prominent opponents of Japanese exclusion shifted ... More


Reconversion and the Origin of Bargained Plans

Michael A. McCarthy

in Dismantling Solidarity: Capitalist Politics and American Pensions since the New Deal

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780801454226
eISBN:
9781501708206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454226.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter offers a explanation of the proliferation of occupational pension plans after World War II. Principally, it shows that private pension development was neither the result of policy ... More


The Roosevelt Era: From the New Deal to D-Day

Isser Woloch

in The Postwar Moment: Progressive Forces in Britain, France, and the United States after World War II

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780300124354
eISBN:
9780300242683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300124354.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter looks at the progressive forces in the U.S. In the U.S., Franklin Roosevelt's presidency became the prime force for progressive gains. In the New Deal's ascendant phase from 1932 to ... More


Introduction

Brian Dolinar

in The Black Cultural Front: Black Writers and Artists of the Depression Generation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617032691
eISBN:
9781617032707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617032691.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

This book begins by presenting the common understanding that the Communist Party hindered black cultural expression during the 1940s. The chapter shows that the Communist-led Left promoted several ... More


We Are Labor Too

Sekou M. Franklin

in After the Rebellion: Black Youth, Social Movement Activism, and the Post-Civil Rights Generation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814789384
eISBN:
9780814760611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814789384.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the labor movement's recruitment of young people, particularly African Americans, in support of economic justice initiatives. Movement bridge-builders in the labor movement ... More


Hard Times and a Hate Strike

James Wolfinger

in Running the Rails: Capital and Labor in the Philadelphia Transit Industry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702402
eISBN:
9781501704239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702402.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the hard times of the 1930s that highlights the powerful impact finances had on labor relations in the transit industry. Like transportation companies across the country, the ... More


The CIO and Operation Dixie: A “Lamp Of Democracy” In The South

Joseph B. Atkins

in Covering for the Bosses: Labor and the Southern Press

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781934110805
eISBN:
9781604733259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781934110805.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter explores the roots of the social justice movement in the South. It starts with the Congress of Industrial Organization’s (CIO) efforts in organizing the textile, tobacco, and other ... More


Liberalism Transformed: The Early Civil Rights Movement and the “Liberal Lobby”

Eric Schickler

in Racial Realignment: The Transformation of American Liberalism, 1932-1965

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691153872
eISBN:
9781400880973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153872.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores the deepening and consolidation of ideological changes as support for civil rights became a defining commitment of a more robust liberal coalition in the 1940s. African American ... More


Business Unionism and Rank-and-File Unionism at the Turn of the Millennium

Dana L. Cloud

in We Are the Union: Democratic Unionism and Dissent at Boeing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036378
eISBN:
9780252093418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036378.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter introduces the arguments of the book in the context of a summary of the critique of traditional American union leadership as pro-business and dangerously invested in partnerships with ... More


“Women—The Guardians of Price Control”: Working-Class Housewives, Consumer Activism, and the State

Emily E. LB. Twarog

in Politics of the Pantry: Housewives, Food, and Consumer Protest in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190685591
eISBN:
9780190685621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685591.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Political History

When the Office of Price Administration introduced its wartime rationing program, the Home Front Pledge Campaign, it sought the help of America’s women through mass meetings and then follow-up ... More


“Like a Scab over an Infected Sore”: Full and Fair Employment during and after World War II

Lisa Phillips

in A Renegade Union: Interracial Organizing and Labor Radicalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037320
eISBN:
9780252094507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037320.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores the challenges Local 65 faced during World War II and in the immediate postwar months. The union lost thousands of members as well as its catch-all focus during the war. Jack ... More


Struggle for the Soul of the Postwar South: White Evangelical Protestants and Operation Dixie

Elizabeth Fones-Wolf and Ken Fones-Wolf

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039034
eISBN:
9780252097003
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039034.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In 1946, the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) undertook Operation Dixie, an initiative to recruit industrial workers in the American South. This book explores the CIO's fraught encounter ... More


Attacked from the Right and the Left: Community-Organizing, Civic Unionism during the Early Years of the Cold War

Lisa Phillips

in A Renegade Union: Interracial Organizing and Labor Radicalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037320
eISBN:
9780252094507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037320.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter analyzes the challenges Local 65 faced during the early years of the Cold War. Its position within the labor movement changed quickly once the Republican-dominated 80th Congress ... More


The Rise of the Postrevolution Mexican Left in Chicago

John H. Flores

in The Mexican Revolution in Chicago: Immigration Politics from the Early Twentieth Century to the Cold War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041808
eISBN:
9780252050473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041808.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter examines the rise of the Mexican nationalist left in Chicago. The emergence of fascism in Europe, the international communist movement’s shift toward anti-fascist Popular Front politics, ... More


Tenants Are Able to Hold Their Heads a Little Higher: Memphis, Tennessee

Jennifer Ritterhouse

in Discovering the South: One Man's Travels through a Changing America in the 1930s

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469630946
eISBN:
9781469630960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630946.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter begins with Daniels's interview with Southern Tenant Farmers Union (STFU) president J. R. Butler, then presents an overview of the union's founding and early years from 1934-1937. The ... More


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