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Big Science and “Big Science Studies” in the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War

Elena Aronova

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

‘Big Science’ as a notion was coined in 1960 by physicist Alvin Weinberg and physicist-turned-historian Derek de Solla Price, and immediately became the center of heated discussions in the U.S. ... More


The Culture of Funding Culture: The CIA and the Congress for Cultural Freedom

Eric Pullin

in Intelligence Studies in Britain and the US: Historiography since 1945

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748646272
eISBN:
9780748684496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748646272.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter reviews historians' assessment of the circuitous and exciting story of the relations between the CIA and the Congress for Cultural Freedom (CCF). These historians have been limited in ... More


Archives of Authority

Andrew N. Rubin

in Archives of Authority: Empire, Culture, and the Cold War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154152
eISBN:
9781400842179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154152.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter details the correspondence between the author and the Central Intelligence Agency regarding the release of information in line with the Freedom of Information Act. At the same time the ... More


Encounter Magazine and the Twilight of Modernism

Greg Barnhisel

in Cold War Modernists: Art, Literature, and American Cultural Diplomacy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162302
eISBN:
9780231538626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162302.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter provides a history of Encounter, the English-language magazine of the Congress for Cultural Freedom (CCF). Although the CCF, a Paris-based nongovernmental cultural-freedom organization, ... More


Moving Center Stage

Vincent Giroud

in Nicolas Nabokov: A Life in Freedom and Music

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199399895
eISBN:
9780199399932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199399895.003.0012
Subject:
Music, History, Western

In the spring of 1950, Nabokov was part of the American delegation to the Congress for Cultural Freedom held in Berlin at the initiative of Melvin Lasky and Arthur Koestler to mobilize anticommunist ... More


The Precariousness of Existence

Gareth Dale

in Karl Polanyi: A Life on the Left

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231176088
eISBN:
9780231541480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176088.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

In which Polanyi contracts a terminal illness but continues to live an active life, finding inspiration in the Hungarian revolution of 1956, engaging in political conflict with Michael Polanyi, ... More


The Composer: Dimitri Shostakovich

Phillip Deery

in Red Apple: Communism and McCarthyism in Cold War New York

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823253685
eISBN:
9780823261246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823253685.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the visit to New York of the Soviet composer, Dimitri Shostakovich, in 1949. At Stalin’s insistence he attended a peace conference held at the Waldorf-Astoria hotel and ... More


Futures of Liberalism. The Congress for Cultural Freedom and Futurology as a Transnational Space

Jenny Andersson

in The Future of the World: Futurology, Futurists, and the Struggle for the Post Cold War Imagination

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198814337
eISBN:
9780191851919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814337.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The Congress for Cultural Freedom (CCF) took up the theme of the future from its very first seminars devoted to the future of liberty and the role of planning in post-industrial societies. The phrase ... More


Nicolas Nabokov: A Life in Freedom and Music

Vincent Giroud

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199399895
eISBN:
9780199399932
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199399895.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Born in Russia in 1903, Nicolas Nabokov, like his first cousin Vladimir, came from a distinguished Russian family which went into exile in 1919. After studying in Germany, he came to prominence as a ... More


Culture Generalissimo

Vincent Giroud

in Nicolas Nabokov: A Life in Freedom and Music

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199399895
eISBN:
9780199399932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199399895.003.0014
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Nabokov’s next initiative was the organization of another festival, in Rome in 1954, this time devoted largely to new music, and in which, in addition to Stravinsky, friends such as Blacher and ... More


The “Apolitical” Opportunist: Virgil Thomson

Emily Abrams Ansari

in The Sound of a Superpower: Musical Americanism and the Cold War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190649692
eISBN:
9780190649722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190649692.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter examines composer and music critic Virgil Thomson, a man who liked to present himself as apolitical but who had close ties to the federal government and the secretly CIA-funded Congress ... More


The Rasputin Years

Vincent Giroud

in Nicolas Nabokov: A Life in Freedom and Music

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199399895
eISBN:
9780199399932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199399895.003.0015
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Nabokov’s first opera, on a libretto he wrote jointly with Spender, was premiered, as Rasputin’s End, in Louisville, in 1958, and, in a revised and expanded version, in Cologne the following year. In ... More


Questions of Anticommunism: Hemispheric Lyric in the 1960s

Harris Feinsod

in The Poetry of the Americas: From Good Neighbors to Countercultures

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190682002
eISBN:
9780190682033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190682002.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter reveals exchanges among Elizabeth Bishop, Robert Lowell, Derek Walcott, and Heberto Padilla. Bishop’s relation to the Congress for Cultural Freedom (CCF) inflects her Brazil poems, ... More


Essaying to Be an Exile: Richard Wright Following The God That Failed

James Zeigler

in Red Scare Racism and Cold War Black Radicalism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781496802385
eISBN:
9781496802439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496802385.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes how an anthology of essays by ex-Communists, The God That Failed, presented international audiences with the anticommunist discourse that flourished in the United States. As ... More


Masterpieces of the Twentieth Century

Vincent Giroud

in Nicolas Nabokov: A Life in Freedom and Music

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199399895
eISBN:
9780199399932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199399895.003.0013
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Nabokov’s first major initiative as CCF secretary general was to organize in Paris, in the spring of 1952, a major arts festival celebrating the artistic achievement of the first half of the ... More


Mr. Bernstein Goes to Tokyo

Mari Yoshihara

in Dearest Lenny: Letters from Japan and the Making of the World Maestro

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190465780
eISBN:
9780190943790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190465780.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, American, History, Western

Leonard Bernstein’s first Japan tour with the New York Philharmonic in 1961 was shaped by the politics of the Cold War. The US government’s interest was manifested in the sponsorship of the tour by ... More


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