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Calvin and Calvinism within Congregational and Unitarian Discourse in Nineteenth-Century America

David D. Hall

in John Calvin's American Legacy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390971
eISBN:
9780199777099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390971.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Church History

At the end of the first-ever National Council of Congregational Churches (1865), Congregationalists were reluctant to embrace either the figure of John Calvin or the words that descend from him ... More


When Church Became Theatre: The Transformation of Evangelical Architecture and Worship in Nineteenth-Century America

Jeanne Halgren Kilde

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143416
eISBN:
9780199834372
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143418.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Explores the social and religious contexts that informed the development and the widespread adoption of the neomedieval auditorium church type by evangelical Protestants in the late nineteenth ... More


A Republic of Righteousness: The Public Christianity of the Post-Revolutionary New England Clergy

Jonathan D. Sassi

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129892
eISBN:
9780199834624
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512989X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This book analyzes the debate over the proper connection between religion and society that took place in southern New England during the fifty years after the American Revolution. It finds that a ... More


The Last Puritans: Mainline Protestants and the Power of the Past

Margaret Bendroth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624006
eISBN:
9781469624020
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624006.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Congregationalists, the oldest group of American Protestants, are the heirs of New England's first founders. While they were key characters in the story of early American history, from Plymouth Rock ... More


The Standing Order's Corporate Vision 1783–1795

Jonathan D. Sassi

in A Republic of Righteousness: The Public Christianity of the Post-Revolutionary New England Clergy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129892
eISBN:
9780199834624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512989X.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

During the 1780s and 1790s, Congregationalism predominated on the religious landscape of southern New England. Compared to other denominations, the Congregationalists enjoyed a tax‐supported ... More


The Two Kingdoms in Concert 1783–1799

Jonathan D. Sassi

in A Republic of Righteousness: The Public Christianity of the Post-Revolutionary New England Clergy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129892
eISBN:
9780199834624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512989X.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Along with their providential interpretations, Congregational ministers during the last two decades of the eighteenth century offered their prescriptions for how to build a righteous social order and ... More


Jeffersonian Disillusions and Dreams 1799–1818

Jonathan D. Sassi

in A Republic of Righteousness: The Public Christianity of the Post-Revolutionary New England Clergy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129892
eISBN:
9780199834624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512989X.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The rise of the first party competition and the electoral successes of Thomas Jefferson and the Democratic‐Republican party shook the standing order's eighteenth‐century social ideology to its ... More


Grassroots Changes and Regional Ideology 1800–1815

Jonathan D. Sassi

in A Republic of Righteousness: The Public Christianity of the Post-Revolutionary New England Clergy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129892
eISBN:
9780199834624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512989X.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The first fifteen years of the nineteenth century constituted a transitional period for orthodox Congregationalists, as they moved from their eighteenth‐century establishmentarianism toward a new, ... More


Public Christianity's Renewal and Realignment 1815–1833

Jonathan D. Sassi

in A Republic of Righteousness: The Public Christianity of the Post-Revolutionary New England Clergy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129892
eISBN:
9780199834624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512989X.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

After 1815 the intense partisanship of the preceding twenty years largely abated and an Era of Good Feelings dawned. This more placid environment fostered a recrudescence of patriotism among ... More


Colonial Theologies in the Era of the Revolution

Mark A. Noll

in America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151114
eISBN:
9780199834532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151119.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Before 1790, and despite the massive ideological changes sparked by the American Revolution, theology in America remained mostly in continuity with traditions from the Old World. The innovations ... More


The Evangelical Surge . . .

Mark A. Noll

in America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151114
eISBN:
9780199834532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151119.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Evangelical Christianity, and Protestantism more generally, were in decline in the second half of the eighteenth century. After 1800, however, a great boom in numbers and energy of evangelical ... More


Three Presbyterians and Three Congregationalists

William M. Shea

in The Lion and the Lamb: Evangelicals and Catholics in America

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195139860
eISBN:
9780199835232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139860.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter examines the anti-Catholicism rhetoric of three Presbyterians and three Congregationalists. All six were apprehensive about the dangers posed by Catholicism to Protestant America, but ... More


In the Footsteps of the Pilgrims

Jessica M. Parr

in Inventing George Whitefield: Race, Revivalism, and the Making of a Religious Icon

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781628461985
eISBN:
9781626744998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628461985.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Whitefield was particularly excited to visit New England because of its connection with the puritan past. While New England retained some features of pilgrim culture it had a fractious religious ... More


Antislavery Moderation

Molly Oshatz

in Slavery and Sin: The Fight against Slavery and the Rise of Liberal Protestantism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199751686
eISBN:
9780199918799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751686.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter introduces the antebellum antislavery moderates, including William Ellery Channing, Moses Stuart, and Francis Wayland. It explores the moderates’ theological roots in New England ... More


Quakers and the Witness of Suffering

Adrian Chastain Weimer

in Martyrs' Mirror: Persecution and Holiness in Early New England

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199743117
eISBN:
9780199918744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743117.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Chapter 5 analyzes the multi-layered polemics between Quakers and Congregationalists over suffering and political legitimacy. Believing that suffering was a crucial weapon in the apocalyptic Lamb's ... More


Paradise Regained

Geoffrey Cantor

in Religion and the Great Exhibition of 1851

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199596676
eISBN:
9780191725685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596676.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on the optimistic Christians who envisaged the Exhibition as the herald of a better world. The first section shows that the dispersion at Babel (Gen. 11:1‐9) was seen by ... More


The Exhibition: Close and Retrospect

Geoffrey Cantor

in Religion and the Great Exhibition of 1851

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199596676
eISBN:
9780191725685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596676.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Religion and Society

The first half of this chapter addresses the role of religion in the closing ceremonies and how the religious periodical press assessed the place of the Exhibition in contemporary history. In the ... More


English Calvinism in a New Era

Dewey D. Wallace, Jr.

in Shapers of English Calvinism, 1660–1714: Variety, Persistence, and Transformation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199744831
eISBN:
9780199897339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744831.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter provides foundation and context for the Calvinist thinkers analyzed in later chapters. Calvinism and the Reformed Tradition are defined, and the relative merits of the terms assessed, ... More


Introduction

Margaret Bendroth

in The Last Puritans: Mainline Protestants and the Power of the Past

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624006
eISBN:
9781469624020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624006.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This introductory chapter examines the role of the past in mainline Protestant churches—more specifically the Congregationalists—and how they have coped with modern, twentieth-century American life. ... More


The Boston Council of 1865

Margaret Bendroth

in The Last Puritans: Mainline Protestants and the Power of the Past

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624006
eISBN:
9781469624020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624006.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter demonstrates how the Boston meeting of 1865 echoed a long and complicated argument about the past in American culture. It argues that beneath all of the disagreements, discussions, and ... More


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