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Computing with Cells: Advances in Membrane Computing

Pierluigi Frisco

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542864
eISBN:
9780191715679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542864.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

How could we use living cells to perform computation? Would our definition of computation change as a consequence of this? Could such a cell-computer outperform digital computers? These are some of ... More


The origins and development of the ACE project

B. Jack Copeland

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter details the history of the Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) project. The story of the ACE begins with John Womersley's appointment as superintendent of the newly created Mathematics ... More


Introduction

B. Jack Copeland

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This introductory chapter discusses the development of Alan Turing's ‘universal computing machine’, better known as the universal Turing Machine. The earliest large-scale electronic digital ... More


The Pilot ACE at the National Physical Laboratory 1

James H. Wilkinson

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the pilot Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) project at the National Physical Laboratory. The Pilot ACE had been designed purely as an experimental machine to demonstrate the ... More


The DEUCE—a user's view

Robin A. Vowels

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0015
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter describes the origins and development of the English Electric DEUCE (Digital Electronic Universal Computing Engine), the production machine derived from the ACE Pilot Model. The DEUCE ... More


Regulating the Cloud: Policy for Computing Infrastructure

Christopher S. Yoo and Jean-Francois Blanchette (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029407
eISBN:
9780262331166
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029407.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

Cloud computing has emerged as one of the most salient recent developments in information technology. Predictions about its future run the gamut, with some believing that it represents a fundamental ... More


Reliability and the Internet Cloud

William Lehr

in Regulating the Cloud: Policy for Computing Infrastructure

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029407
eISBN:
9780262331166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029407.003.0003
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

The Internet is evolving from a best-effort, unregulated, data transport network overlaid on the legacy telephone network (or PSTN) into the global platform (the new PSTN) for a much more complex ... More


Cloud Computing

Nayan B. Ruparelia

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262529099
eISBN:
9780262334129
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529099.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

Most of the information available on cloud computing is either highly technical, with details that are irrelevant to non-technologists, or pure marketing hype, in which the cloud is simply used as a ... More


The Swallow Flies Swiftly Through: An Analysis of Humanist (First Interlude)

Geoffrey Rockwell and Stéfan Sinclair

in Hermeneutica: Computer-Assisted Interpretation in the Humanities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034357
eISBN:
9780262332064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034357.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

What can you actually do with text analysis? Chapter 4 is the first Interlude or example of text analysis in action with Voyant. This Interlude asks about computing in the humanities and shows how ... More


Text before Images, or The Logic of Digital Worlds

Seb Franklin

in Control: Digitality as Cultural Logic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029537
eISBN:
9780262331135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029537.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter evaluates the ways in which literary texts can be read as aesthetic formulations of control. The chapter first examines Deleuze’s positioning of Franz Kafka’s The Trial at the emergence ... More


Computing as Writing

Daniel Punday

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816696994
eISBN:
9781452953601
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816696994.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Writing has long been used as a metaphor to understand computing. From the virtual desktop of modern operating systems to the way we name portable devices (the notebook computer, the iPad), writing ... More


Sea Change

Barry M. Katz

in Make It New: The History of Silicon Valley Design

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029636
eISBN:
9780262330923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029636.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The 1979 Palo Alto telephone directory lists exactly 9 “design” firms-squeezed between “detective agencies” and “diaper services.” Today there are, arguably, more designers working in the San ... More


Digital State: The Story of Minnesota's Computing Industry

Thomas J. Misa

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683314
eISBN:
9781452948973
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683314.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Digital State tells the long overdue history of Minnesota’s world famous computer industry. The book profiles each of the most notable Minnesota companies, beginning with the founding of the ... More


Corporate Computing: Univac Creates a High-Tech Minnesota Industry

Thomas J. Misa

in Digital State: The Story of Minnesota's Computing Industry

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683314
eISBN:
9781452948973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683314.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

‘Corporate Computing’ relates how the local Univac division created a large-scale industry in the state, employing 10,000 people by the 1960s and developing networking technologies for the U.S. navy ... More


Introduction

Nayan B. Ruparelia

in Cloud Computing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262529099
eISBN:
9780262334129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529099.003.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

What is the optimum investment required to provide computational resources? Since demand for computing varies, businesses face a dilemma: if they under-invest, then business suffers; if they ... More


Representations: HCI and Its History of Representation-Driven Interaction Design

Mikael Wiberg

in The Materiality of Interaction: Notes on the Materials of Interaction Design

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037518
eISBN:
9780262344692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037518.003.0002
Subject:
Art, Design

Computing, and human interaction with these computational machines, has commonly been thought of as a kind of abstract activity where we manipulate digital objects on glossy screens. It is abstract ... More


St. Paul Start-up: Engineering Research Associates Builds a Pioneering Computer

Thomas J. Misa

in Digital State: The Story of Minnesota's Computing Industry

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683314
eISBN:
9781452948973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683314.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

‘St. Paul Start Up’ locates the pioneering Engineering Research Associates company in the Midway industrial district, which gave it the talent and special skills to succeed in building an early ... More


Industrial Dynamics: Minnesota Embraces the Information Economy

Thomas J. Misa

in Digital State: The Story of Minnesota's Computing Industry

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683314
eISBN:
9781452948973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683314.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

‘Industrial Dynamics’ outlines how Minnesota embraced the “information economy” in its workforce and notable institutions (inc. Minneapolis Federal Reserve, University, and statewide educational ... More


Philadelphia Story: Wartime Origins of Minnesota Computing

Thomas J. Misa

in Digital State: The Story of Minnesota's Computing Industry

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683314
eISBN:
9781452948973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683314.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

‘Philadelphia Story’ identifies the origin of Minnesota’s computing industry in the military, industrial, and intelligence mobilizations of the second world war. Pearl Harbor to secret code-breaking.


Innovation Machine: Control Data’s Supercomputers, Services, and Social Vision

Thomas J. Misa

in Digital State: The Story of Minnesota's Computing Industry

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683314
eISBN:
9781452948973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683314.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

‘Innovation Machine’ presents the best available account of Control Data, a pivotal company active in supercomputing, computer services, and social vision. Assessments of computer guru Seymour Cray ... More


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