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Business Patterns and Digital Applications in the Transformation of Manufacturing Industries

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 1: How Computers Changed the Work of American Manufacturing, Transportation, and Retail Industries

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165883
eISBN:
9780199789672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165883.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter is a history of key computer applications in manufacturing across three periods of time, beginning in the 1940s and extending to the early 2000s. Key uses included business and ... More


Computer architecture and the ACE computers

Robert Doran

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter examines the architecture of the ACE computers in the light of developments in computer architecture over the fifty years that followed the birth of ACE. The concept of computer ... More


Machine Art in the Twentieth Century

Andreas Broeckmann

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035064
eISBN:
9780262336109
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035064.001.0001
Subject:
Art, Art History

This book deals with the ways in which visual artists have reflected on the cultural meaning of technology, and the particular aesthetic of machines, throughout the twentieth century. It is the first ... More


China's Leap into the Information Age: Innovation and Organization in the Computer Industry

Qiwen Lu

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295372
eISBN:
9780191685101
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295372.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Innovation

This book provides the first in-depth analysis of how four innovative Chinese electronics enterprises — the Stone Group, the Legend Computer Group, the Founder Group, and the China Great Wall ... More


Learning and Innovation in a Transitional Economy

Qiwen Lu

in China's Leap into the Information Age: Innovation and Organization in the Computer Industry

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295372
eISBN:
9780191685101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295372.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Innovation

This chapter analyses the growth of the Chinese computer market and how Chinese companies are able to catch up in a high-tech industrial sector such as computers. It provides an overview of the case ... More


The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty

Benjamin H. Bratton

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029575
eISBN:
9780262330183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029575.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Planetary-scale computation presents a fundamental challenge to Modern geopolitical architectures. As calculative reason and as global infrastructure, it not only deforms and distorts Westphalian ... More


Relational Dynamics at British Aerospace

Thomas Kern and Leslie P. Willcocks

in The Relationship Advantage: Information Technologies, Sourcing, and Management

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241927
eISBN:
9780191696985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241927.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter discusses a case study of the outsourcing arrangement between British Aerospace (BAe) and Computer Science Corporation (CSC). The case study presents an example of a total outsourcing ... More


Sea Change

Barry M. Katz

in Make It New: The History of Silicon Valley Design

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029636
eISBN:
9780262330923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029636.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The 1979 Palo Alto telephone directory lists exactly 9 “design” firms-squeezed between “detective agencies” and “diaper services.” Today there are, arguably, more designers working in the San ... More


The Legend Computer Group Company: A Model of ‘One Academy, Two Systems’

Qiwen Lu

in China's Leap into the Information Age: Innovation and Organization in the Computer Industry

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295372
eISBN:
9780191685101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295372.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Innovation

The Legend Computer Group Company was listed as the largest enterprise in the Chinese information technology industry. Officially, the company describes itself as a new type of state-owned enterprise ... More


The China Great Wall Computer Company: Transforming the State-Run Computer Industry

Qiwen Lu

in China's Leap into the Information Age: Innovation and Organization in the Computer Industry

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295372
eISBN:
9780191685101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295372.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Innovation

This chapter discusses how China Great Wall Computer Company (CGC) transformed China's state-run computer industry as a result of exploring new organizational forms and adapting to a new business ... More


Hermeneutica: Computer-Assisted Interpretation in the Humanities

Geoffrey Rockwell and Stéfan Sinclair

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034357
eISBN:
9780262332064
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034357.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The image of the scholar as a solitary thinker dates back at least to Descartes’ Discourse on Method. But scholarly practices in the humanities are changing as older forms of communal inquiry are ... More


Appendix. Surveying elites: information on the study design and field report of the IntUne elite survey

György Lengyel and Stefan Jahr

in The Europe of Elites: A Study into the Europeanness of Europe's Political and Economic Elites

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199602315
eISBN:
9780191738951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602315.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Comparative Politics

This chapter provides information about the sampling principles and procedures related to data capture for the international IntUne project. This data formed a comprehensive database combining ... More


Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Jonathan Wolpaw and Elizabeth Winter Wolpaw (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

In the last fifteen years, a recognizable surge in the field of Brain Computer Interface (BCI) research and development has emerged. This emergence has sprung from a variety of factors. For one, ... More


The Ethics of Information

Luciano Floridi

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199641321
eISBN:
9780191760938
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641321.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This is the first philosophical monograph entirely and exclusively dedicated to Information Ethics.Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have profoundly changed many aspects of life, ... More


Community Networking: The Native American Telecommunications Continuum

Randy Ross

in Social Media Archeology and Poetics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034654
eISBN:
9780262336871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034654.003.0018
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Community Networking -- The Native American Telecommunications Continuum Computer mediated communications -- has evolved exponentially each decade since the mid-1980’s. Pre-Internet exploration in ... More


External Bayesian Analysis for Computer Simulators *

Michael Goldstein

in Bayesian Statistics 9

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Computer simulators offer a powerful approach for studying complex physical systems. We consider their use in current practice and the role of external uncertainty in bridging the gap between the ... More


Myanmar (Burma)

John Ure

in Telecommunications Development in Asia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099029
eISBN:
9789882207486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099029.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the telecommunications sector in Myanmar. Strict adherence to ideology and commercial self-interest, in the guises of “national security” and military-controlled ... More


The Seamless Coupling of Bits and Atoms

Hiroshi Ishii and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Hiroshi Ishii conducts research in the MIT Media Lab in two principal areas: the field of Human-Computer Interactions, and the field of interface design linking human beings, digital information and ... More


Emerging Perspectives On Discourse

Alexandra Georgakopoulou and Dionysis Goutsos

in Discourse Analysis: An Introduction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748620456
eISBN:
9780748671397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620456.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The book’s concluding chapter looks forward to the picture emerging from the main strands of research in discourse analysis, as presented in the previous book chapters and suggests a number of areas ... More


Extending the State of the Art

Ronnie W. Smith and D. Richard Hipp

in Spoken Natural Language Dialog Systems: A Practical Approach

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195091878
eISBN:
9780197560686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195091878.003.0012
Subject:
Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction

This book has presented a computational model for integrated dialog processing. The primary contributions of this research follow. • A mechanism (the Missing Axiom ... More


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