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X-ray interactions with matter

David M. Paganin

in Coherent X-Ray Optics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567288
eISBN:
9780191717963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567288.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter considers the interactions of X-rays with matter. It opens by developing X-ray wave equations in the presence of scatterers, taking the Maxwell equations as a starting point. The ... More


The Quantum nature of light

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins with a survey of early experimental results — the Planck spectrum, the photoelectric effect, and Compton scattering — that are usually presented as evidence for the existence of ... More


Nuclear Scattering

Andrew T. Boothroyd

in Principles of Neutron Scattering from Condensed Matter

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862314
eISBN:
9780191895081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862314.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter contains an overview of the different types of structural dynamics found in condensed matter, and the associated neutron scattering cross-sections. The scattering dynamics of the ... More


Twentieth Century and Beyond

Don S. Lemons

in Drawing Physics: 2,600 Years of Discovery From Thales to Higgs

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035903
eISBN:
9780262338745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035903.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

During this period the diagrams that convey the ideas of physics become more symbolic and less representational. Rutherford’s discovery of the atomic nucleus (1910), Niels Bohr’s model of the ... More


QED scattering: three famous cross-sections

Tom Lancaster and Stephen J. Blundell

in Quantum Field Theory for the Gifted Amateur

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199699322
eISBN:
9780191779435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699322.003.0041
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Three examples of ideas presented in the previous chapter are fleshed out in this chapter via three examples. These are Rutherford scattering, the Mott formula and Compton scattering. The chapter ... More


De Broglie Waves: Are Electrons Waves or Particles?

M. Suhail Zubairy

in Quantum Mechanics for Beginners: With Applications to Quantum Communication and Quantum Computing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198854227
eISBN:
9780191888649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854227.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In 1924, de Broglie postulated that particles can behave like waves, thus complementing the observation by Einstein in 1905 that light can behave like particles. This wave–particle duality aspect for ... More


Numerical quadrature

Joseph F. Boudreau and Eric S. Swanson

in Applied Computational Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198708636
eISBN:
9780191858598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198708636.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses the numerous applications of numerical quadrature (integration) in classical mechanics, in semiclassical approaches to quantum mechanics, and in statistical mechanics; and then ... More


Applications

Laurent Baulieu, John Iliopoulos, and Roland Sénéor

in From Classical to Quantum Fields

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198788393
eISBN:
9780191830310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788393.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Physical applications. Introduction of the scattering amplitude and cross sections. The phase space integrals. Explicit calculations of QED processes in the tree approximation. Derivation of the ... More


Emerging Measurement Techniques for Vadose Zone Characterization

Jan W. Hopmans and Jan M. H. Hendrickx

in Vadose Zone Hydrology: Cutting Across Disciplines

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195109900
eISBN:
9780197561058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195109900.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Variables and parameters required to characterize soil water flow and solute transport are often measured at different spatial scales from those for which they are needed. This poses a problem ... More


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