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Lifestyle Variables That Affect Intellectual Functioning

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The Life Complexity Inventory (LCI) has been used since 1974 to characterize the microenvironment of participants in the Seattle Longitudinal Study. Early analyses of this instrument identified eight ... More


Narrative Patterns: The Perils and Possibilities of Using Story in Organizations

David J. Snowden

in Creating Value with Knowledge: Insights from the IBM Institute for Business Value

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780195165128
eISBN:
9780199835751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165128.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Narrative techniques reveal the patterns of an organization and are in turn the means by which it can be patterned. Narrative is a powerful tool within organizations, but it is not susceptible to the ... More


History and Event: From Marxism to Contemporary French Theory

Nathan Coombs

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780748698998
eISBN:
9781474416047
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748698998.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book challenges the use of the terms 'history' and 'event' to register the shift from historical necessity in Marxism to contingent events in contemporary philosophy. It argues both classical ... More


English Derivational Morphology: Productivity, Processing, and Ordering

Timothy J. O’Donnell

in Productivity and Reuse In Language: A Theory of Linguistic Computation and Storage

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028844
eISBN:
9780262326803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028844.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter reviews the empirical and theoretical literatures on English derivational morphology—in preparation for the simulation results presented in the following chapter. This chapter is divided ... More


The Complexity of Nature and the Cognitive Inexhaustibility of Things

Nicholas Rescher

in Nature and Understanding: The Metaphysics and Method of Science

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261826
eISBN:
9780191698781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261826.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the cognitive inexhaustibility of things and the complexity of nature. It explains that the Law of Natural Complexity renders nature pervasively complex and inexhaustible in its ... More


Language and the Learning Curve: A new theory of syntactic development

Anat Ninio

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199299829
eISBN:
9780191584985
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299829.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Language development remains one of the most hotly debated topics in the cognitive sciences. In recent years, we have seen contributions to the debate from researchers in psychology, linguistics, ... More


Generality and Compositionality: Z.13's Worries About Form

Michael V. Wedin

in Aristotle's Theory of Substance: The Categories and Metaphysics Zeta

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253081
eISBN:
9780191598647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253080.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Wedin offers an interpretation of Metaphysics Zeta 13, a very important and difficult chapter, where Aristotle apparently denies that substance is a universal, having, on most accounts, already ... More


The Road as a Corridor of Complexity

Karl Raitz and Nancy O’Malley

in Kentucky's Frontier Highway: Historical Landscapes along the Maysville Road

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813136646
eISBN:
9780813141343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813136646.003.0011
Subject:
History, Cultural History

We tend to regard America's roads simplistically, as subsidiary features lurking in the background. But historically, roads were the foreground to travel—their routes and attributes such as gradient ... More


Syntactic development, its input and output

Anat Ninio

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199565962
eISBN:
9780191725616
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565962.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book places the syntactic learning process under close scrutiny. The focus of the book is on the characteristics of linguistic input and the resultant output, which, the book shows, do not ... More


Modeling Cities and Regions As Complex Systems: From Theory to Planning Applications

Roger White, Guy Engelen, and Inge Uljee

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029568
eISBN:
9780262331371
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029568.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Cities and regions are highly complex but ordered systems. They are thus best understood by modelling within the framework of the theory of complex, self-organizing systems. This theory suggests that ... More


Complex Systems and Effective Interaction

James Genone and Ian Van Buskirk

in Building the Intentional University: Minerva and the Future of Higher Education

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262037150
eISBN:
9780262343695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037150.003.0008
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

“Complex systems” are systems in which the independent behavior of interacting units gives rise to surprising and difficult-to-predict emergent patterns and properties. Most courses on complex ... More


Systems theory

Anastasia Marinopoulou

in Critical Theory and Epistemology: The Politics of Modern Thought and Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526105370
eISBN:
9781526128157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526105370.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In his systems’ theory, Luhmann attempts to redefine communication, and associates it with information. For Luhmann, communication is distinct from action (Handeln), and the rationality of the ... More


Complexity and Axiomatization

Joseph Y. Halpern

in Actual Causality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035026
eISBN:
9780262336611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035026.003.0005
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

Causal models are potentially quite large and difficult to describe, especially once they include information about normality and typicality. In this chapter it is shown that it is often possible to ... More


The Universal Machine

Arlindo Oliveira

in The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.003.0004
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter covers the development of computing, from its origins, with the analytical engine, to modern computer science. Babbage and Ada Lovelace’s contributions to the science of computing led, ... More


Max Boisot and the Dynamic Evolution of Knowledge

Martin Ihrig and John Child

in Knowledge, Organization, and Management: Building on the Work of Max Boisot

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669165
eISBN:
9780191749346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669165.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

The introductory chapter outlines Max Boisot’s Information-Space (I-Space), a conceptual framework that facilitates the study of knowledge flows in diverse populations of ‘agents’. As one of Boisot’s ... More


Afterword: Towards a Complex Science of History

Nathan Coombs

in History and Event: From Marxism to Contemporary French Theory

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780748698998
eISBN:
9781474416047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748698998.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter begins by taking stock of the first two parts of the book. It argues that although classical Marxism cannot think events discontinuously, its science of history can at least be subjected ... More


Introduction

Joseph McBride

in Hawks on Hawks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813142623
eISBN:
9780813145242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813142623.003.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

McBride introduces Hawks as an extremely versatile but understudied figure, describing his success as a commercial director and the legacy of his work. McBride explains the process of putting ... More


Optimal Observability and Complexity

Joel Slemrod and Christian Gillitzer

in Tax Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262026727
eISBN:
9780262319003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026727.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter addresses the issue that many tax system rely on reports made by a private party to the government, which may be inaccurate, wilfully or inadvertently. But the tax authority can directly ... More


Attractors and Locked-In Art: Art History as a Complex System

Francis Halsall

in Speculative Art Histories: Analysis at the Limits

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474421041
eISBN:
9781474438605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474421041.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

My speculation in this paper is to consider, in short, what if art history is a system? In other words what does it means to think about art through the systems-thinking. To do so would mean ... More


Relationship and rehabilitation in a post-‘what works’ era

Aaron Pycroft

in Risk and rehabilitation: Management and treatment of substance misuse and mental health problems in the criminal justice system

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9781447300205
eISBN:
9781447307778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300205.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

The research illustrates how substance misuse and mental health problems are not being addressed satisfactorily by the criminal justice system, as it is failing to keep pace with our understanding of ... More


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