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The Early Development of the European Model of Agriculture

Michael Cardwell

in The European Model of Agriculture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199242160
eISBN:
9780191697029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242160.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter traces its early development until the MacSharry reforms of 1992, commencing with a section on the special status of agriculture. To a considerable degree, this chapter is concerned with ... More


The Two Pillars of the Common Agricultural Policy

Michael Cardwell

in The European Model of Agriculture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199242160
eISBN:
9780191697029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242160.003.0005
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter seeks to focus upon and analyse certain key features of the European Model of Agriculture. It considers the impact of the reform process on the ‘first pillar’ and the ‘second pillar’ of ... More


Agenda 2000: Towards the Berlin Summit

Michael Cardwell

in The European Model of Agriculture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199242160
eISBN:
9780191697029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242160.003.0003
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter follows the reform process forward until shortly before the Berlin Summit. This includes sections on the pressures driving the Agenda 2000 reforms and such wider considerations as the ... More


The Endgame of the Negotiations and the Future of an Enlarged European Union

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Ten new members, eight of them post-communist states, joined the EU on 1 May 2004. This chapter takes up three issues that will shape the future of an enlarged EU. First, the EU’s active leverage has ... More


Franco‐German Relations: From Active to Reactive Cooperation

Alistair Cole

in Leaderless Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199535026
eISBN:
9780191715860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535026.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Neither the centrality nor cohesion of Franco-German EU potential leadership should be assumed. However, the EU has great institutional, symbolic, economic and political resources enabling it to ... More


Beyond the First and Second Pillars

Michael Cardwell

in The European Model of Agriculture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199242160
eISBN:
9780191697029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242160.003.0006
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Issues of food safety and food quality had attracted attention long before the commencement of the Agenda 2000 reforms. This chapter takes the study beyond the traditional confines of the Common ... More


Contingent Valuation Methodology and the EU Institutional Framework

François Bonnieux and Pierre Rainelli

in Valuing Environmental Preferences: Theory and Practice of the Contingent Valuation Method in the US, EU , and developing Countries

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248919
eISBN:
9780191595950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248915.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The environmental legislation process in the EU originated in the First Environmental Action Programme in 1973. A consistent set of principles emerged in successive Environmental Action Programmes: ... More


The Single European Act and Economic and Monetary Union

Stephen Wall

in A Stranger in Europe: Britain and the EU from Thatcher to Blair

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284559
eISBN:
9780191700309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284559.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, UK Politics

Two months before what Margaret Thatcher saw as the Milan ambush, the British Foreign Office had sent her a paper about the implications of Spanish and Portuguese accession to the European Community. ... More


Shared Management

Paul Craig

in EU Administrative Law

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199296811
eISBN:
9780191700811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296811.003.0003
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The new Financial Regulation contains provisions dealing with shared management, as well as direct/centralized management. There are ... More


Agenda 2000, Land Use, and the Environment: Towards a Theory of ‘Environmental’ Property Rights?

Christopher P. Rodgers

in Law and Geography

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199260744
eISBN:
9780191698675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260744.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Since property rights give importance to certain concepts such as designing and providing ‘incentive’ payment schemes to advocate the provision of various services for the environment and how such ... More


Food Price Volatility and EU Policies

Johan Swinnen, Louise Knops, and Kristine van Herck

in Food Price Policy in an Era of Market Instability: A Political Economy Analysis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198718574
eISBN:
9780191788017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718574.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Changes in global food prices have affected EU producers and consumers and have triggered policy reactions through the EU’s political process. In particular, the EU and member states responded by ... More


Introduction

Michael Cardwell

in The European Model of Agriculture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199242160
eISBN:
9780191697029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242160.003.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has always been of central importance to the functioning of the European Union (EU). This is so whether it is viewed from a political, economic, administrative, ... More


The European Model of Agriculture

Michael Cardwell

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199242160
eISBN:
9780191697029
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242160.001.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

In order to meet the increasing economic and environmental challenges faced by the European farming industry, the EU has advocated a new European Model of Agriculture that will provide a competitive ... More


Political Economy of EU Agricultural and Food Policies and Its Role in Global Food Security

Johan Swinnen

in The Evolving Sphere of Food Security

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199354054
eISBN:
9780199398959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354054.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Policies designed to protect and subsidize agriculture have been a key part of the European Union (EU). For much of the past 50 years, critics have argued that its Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) ... More


Shared Management

Paul Craig

in EU Administrative Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199568628
eISBN:
9780191739415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568628.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Shared management has been central to the implementation of EU policy. This includes areas where the EU expends funds, such as the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and the Structural Funds, and areas ... More


Conclusion

Michael Cardwell

in The European Model of Agriculture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199242160
eISBN:
9780191697029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242160.003.0008
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

The European Model of Agriculture seems directed to preserving a special status for agriculture. This ‘exceptionalism’ may be regarded as focused less upon production than upon the multifunctional ... More


Agricultural policy

Alan Greer

in New Labour's countryside: Rural policy in Britain since 1997

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349323
eISBN:
9781447302858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349323.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter discusses the main issues that have structured the agricultural-policy agenda in Great Britain since 1997. It examines the Labour government's approach to agricultural-policy reform, ... More


A new European Union

Kjell M. Torbiörn

in Destination Europe: The Political and Economic Growth of a Continent

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065729
eISBN:
9781781700488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065729.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

A series of European Union (EU) summits – Amsterdam in 1997, Berlin and Helsinki in 1999, and Nice in 2000 – focused on the need for inner reform of the institution against the prospect of future ... More


A Stranger in Europe

Stephen Wall

in A Stranger in Europe: Britain and the EU from Thatcher to Blair

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284559
eISBN:
9780191700309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284559.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, UK Politics

Throughout the years of Britain's European Community membership, successive governments have found themselves making an essentially negative case in favour of British membership. Britain, within the ... More


Making, Shaping, and Limiting European Markets

Ulrich Krotz and Joachim Schild

in Shaping Europe: France, Germany, and Embedded Bilateralism from the Elysée Treaty to Twenty-First Century Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199660087
eISBN:
9780191751646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660087.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

Making and shaping markets was and still is at the heart of European policy making. This chapter reveals how France and Germany made major contributions to the evolution of the common market and ... More


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