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White Balance: How Hollywood Shaped Colorblind Ideology and Undermined Civil Rights

Justin Gomer

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655802
eISBN:
9781469655826
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655802.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

The racial ideology of colorblindness has a long history. In 1963, Martin Luther King famously stated, "I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not ... More


Race and/or Ethnicity in Hawai‘i: What’s the Difference and What Difference Does It Make?

Jonathan Y. Okamura

in Beyond Ethnicity: New Politics of Race in Hawai'i

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780824869885
eISBN:
9780824877859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824869885.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter argues that ethnicity is the dominant organizing principle of social relations in Hawai‘i since the 1970s when it superseded race. This contention is based on the social construction of ... More


Introduction

Justin Gomer

in White Balance: How Hollywood Shaped Colorblind Ideology and Undermined Civil Rights

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655802
eISBN:
9781469655826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655802.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This section offers an overview of the history of the racial ideology of colorblindness, beginning with it’s first use in the Supreme Court’s Plessy v. Ferguson decision. It then explains the ... More


The Law Is Crazy!: Antistatism and the Emergence of Colorblindness in the Early 1970s

Justin Gomer

in White Balance: How Hollywood Shaped Colorblind Ideology and Undermined Civil Rights

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655802
eISBN:
9781469655826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655802.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the intersection of colorblindness and antistatism in New Hollywood exploitation films of the early 1970s. Focusing on Dirty Harry (1971) and Coffy (1973), the chapter explores ... More


Keep Away from Me, Mr. Welfare Man: Claudine, Welfare, and Black Independent Film

Justin Gomer

in White Balance: How Hollywood Shaped Colorblind Ideology and Undermined Civil Rights

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655802
eISBN:
9781469655826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655802.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines Third World Cinema’s first film, Claudine, within the context of the emerging colorblind ideology and widespread antistatism of the early 1970s. It begins with an overview of ... More


He Looks Like a Big Flag: Rocky and the Origins of Hollywood Colorblind Heroism

Justin Gomer

in White Balance: How Hollywood Shaped Colorblind Ideology and Undermined Civil Rights

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655802
eISBN:
9781469655826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655802.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter traces the articulation of colorblindness as a coherent ideology around the issues of busing and affirmative action in the years between 1974 and 1978. The chapter offers a close reading ... More


I Can’t Wear Your Colors: Rocky III and Reagan’s War on Civil Rights

Justin Gomer

in White Balance: How Hollywood Shaped Colorblind Ideology and Undermined Civil Rights

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655802
eISBN:
9781469655826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655802.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines Ronald Reagan’s first presidential term, the rise of the War on Drugs, and Rocky III (1982). Reagan took office hopeful that he could ban affirmative action and stop school ... More


We Are What We Were: Imagining America’s Colorblind Past

Justin Gomer

in White Balance: How Hollywood Shaped Colorblind Ideology and Undermined Civil Rights

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655802
eISBN:
9781469655826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655802.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter explores a spate of civil rights and slavery dramas produced in the late 1980s and 1990s—most notably Glory (1989), The Long Walk Home (1990), Forrest Gump (1994), and Amistad ... More


Lord, How Dare We Celebrate: Colorblind Hegemony and Genre in the 1990s

Justin Gomer

in White Balance: How Hollywood Shaped Colorblind Ideology and Undermined Civil Rights

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655802
eISBN:
9781469655826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655802.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

The final chapter examines teacher films, those movies in which a (typically) suburban white woman accepts a job teaching student of color in low-income urban neighborhoods. Although the late 1980s ... More


Conclusion

Justin Gomer

in White Balance: How Hollywood Shaped Colorblind Ideology and Undermined Civil Rights

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655802
eISBN:
9781469655826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655802.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

The conclusion situates the book’s analysis amid contemporary controversies, including the 2016 election of Donald Trump and #OscarsSoWhite. It explores how contemporary black filmmakers continue to ... More


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