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Equality Without Vision

George P. Fletcher

in Our Secret Constitution: How Lincoln Redefined American Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156287
eISBN:
9780199872169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195156285.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the paradoxical ways that the Civil War served to strengthen states’ rights. Abolition was countered in many states by the enactment of “the Black Codes”, undermining the ... More


Ministerial Responsibility

R. A. W. Rhodes, John Wanna, and Patrick Weller

in Comparing Westminster

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199563494
eISBN:
9780191722721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563494.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

This chapter examines how elite political actors are held to account. It examines collective responsibility, individual ministerial responsibility, and their personal accountability for actions not ... More


Reconsidering Organizations as Cultures of Integrity

George Cheney, Daniel J. Lair, Dean Ritz, and Brenden E. Kendall

in Just a Job?: Communication, Ethics, and Professional Life

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195182774
eISBN:
9780199871001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182774.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter focuses on the modern organization as a unit of life experience that is taken for granted yet little understood, showing how organizational culture shapes and sustains integrity (or ... More


1 Famine Prevention in India

Jean Drèze

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 2: Famine Prevention

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286363
eISBN:
9780191718458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286363.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Though one may mistakenly attribute India's impressive recent record of famine prevention to a steady improvement in food production or to the overall evolution of the economy, this chapter argues ... More


Policing the Monastery

Robert DeCaroli

in Haunting the Buddha: Indian Popular Religion and the Formation of Buddhism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195168389
eISBN:
9780199835133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168380.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter examines the relationship between monks and nuns and the supernatural beings with whom they shared their monastic residences. The Buddhist monastic codes (Vinaya) contain descriptions of ... More


The Sources of Law

Hiroshi Oda

in Japanese Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199232185
eISBN:
9780191705335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232185.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter focuses on the sources of Japanese law. Japanese law is primarily based on codified laws. Unlike the Anglo-American system, statute law plays the primary role in the Japanese system. ... More


Expansion and Decline

Paul A. Shackel

in New Philadelphia: An Archaeology of Race in the Heartland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520266292
eISBN:
9780520947832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266292.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Despite the strict 1853 Black Codes, several landowning African American families moved to the outskirts of New Philadelphia and became prominent members of the community. Living in a slave state ... More


Black and Crazy: The Antinomian Black Male in North American Consciousness

Lawrence E. Holcomb

in Phallacies: Historical Intersections of Disability and Masculinity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190458997
eISBN:
9780190459024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190458997.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

The lawless, antinomian black male is an image cultivated in North American media since the last quarter of the nineteenth century. This version of the “bad guy” black man represents a response to ... More


Professional Rules, Codes, and Principles Affecting Solicitors (Or What Has Professional Regulation to do With Ethics?)

Alison Crawley and Christopher Bramall

in Legal Ethics and Professional Responsibility

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198259312
eISBN:
9780191681936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198259312.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter offers the overview of ethical rules pertaining to solicitors. In particular, this paper has been prepared in the context of the central theme of the 1993 Society of Public Teachers of ... More


Pilate’s Paramount Duty: Constitutional Reasonableness and the Restriction of Freedom of Expression and Assembly

Sunil Khilnani, Vikram Raghavan, and Arun K. Thiruvengadam

in Comparative Constitutionalism in South Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198081760
eISBN:
9780199082360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081760.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the particular relevance to South Asia of the disagreement between the ideas of two nineteenth-century thinkers—John Stuart Mill and James Fitzjames Stephen. While Mill ... More


Lessening the Obduracy of Networked Urbanity

Taylor Dotson

in Technically Together: Reconstructing Community in a Networked World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036382
eISBN:
9780262340861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036382.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter outlines the constellation of economic, political, and cultural barriers to more communitarian urban spaces. The momentum of suburbia is shown to have as much to do with entrenched ... More


Introduction

Jason E. Taylor

in Deconstructing the Monolith: The Microeconomics of the National Industrial Recovery Act

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226603308
eISBN:
9780226603445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226603445.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This introductory chapter lays out the main arguments of the book—namely, that the National Industrial Recovery Act was a multifaceted program that affected different industries very differently. ... More


The NIRA Code Negotiation Process

Jason E. Taylor

in Deconstructing the Monolith: The Microeconomics of the National Industrial Recovery Act

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226603308
eISBN:
9780226603445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226603445.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

When the NIRA was passed on June 16, 1933, President Roosevelt expressed hope that all major industries would be covered by codes within the next six weeks. These hopes were wildly overoptimistic ... More


Codes of Fair Competition: Industrial Planning and Collusion under the NIRA

Jason E. Taylor

in Deconstructing the Monolith: The Microeconomics of the National Industrial Recovery Act

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226603308
eISBN:
9780226603445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226603445.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapters highlights the vast heterogeneity found within the NIRA’s industry-specific codes of fair competition. Some codes, such as those of rayon yarn and photographic manufacturing, were just ... More


History, Memory, and One Man’s Vote

Margaret Garb

in Freedom's Ballot: African American Political Struggles in Chicago from Abolition to the Great Migration

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226135908
eISBN:
9780226136066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226136066.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter traces the life and political work of John Jones, the first African American elected to public office in Chicago. Jones, who was elected to the County Board in 1871, had led the movement ... More


The Race of Lynching

Ashraf H. A. Rushdy

in American Lynching

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300181388
eISBN:
9780300184747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300181388.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the rise of racial lynching and how lynching became an American practice used to control, terrorize, and subjugate a people, who, in turn, resisted it and the political ... More


Neurons and Circuits

Dana H. Ballard

in Brain Computation as Hierarchical Abstraction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028615
eISBN:
9780262323819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028615.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

All neurons have characteristic spike generation methods, but at the circuit level they are combined in many different ways. The slowness of the neural spike generation process suggests that standard ... More


Restoration, 1865–1866

Mark Wahlgren Summers

in The Ordeal of the Reunion: A New History of Reconstruction

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469617572
eISBN:
9781469617596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469617572.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter discusses the ebb and flow of Unionism in the south. It analyzes President Andrew Johnson's pardoning policy; southern movements aimed at rebuilding white militia to keep order and hold ... More


Emotions

Dana H. Ballard

in Brain Computation as Hierarchical Abstraction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028615
eISBN:
9780262323819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028615.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Early thinking on the role of emotions in cognition sometimes characterized them as a liability, but the modern understanding the computational role of emotions places them at the centre of fast ... More


Dependency

Jennifer Hull Dorsey

in Hirelings: African American Workers and Free Labor in Early Maryland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801447785
eISBN:
9780801460678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801447785.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter examines the legal regime created by the Maryland legislature to force free African Americans into wage dependence and how it was used by Eastern Shore planters to their advantage. It ... More


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