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Archie’s scepticism

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1989 commentary on Archie Cochrane and his famous monography Effectiveness and Efficiency. Cochrane is known for his insights on doctors' fears about controls in clinical ... More


Fratriotism: Sisters, Brothers, Empire, and its Limits in the Scottish and Irish Imagination, c.1746–1837

Murray Pittock

in Scottish and Irish Romanticism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199232796
eISBN:
9780191716409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232796.003.00010
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter looks at the challenging subject of Scottish and Irish reservations about the nature of empire even while participating in it. It identifies the presence of Scottish and Irish societies ... More


History, Biography, Autobiography

Paul Turner

in Victorian Poetry, Drama and Miscellaneous Prose 1832–1890

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122395
eISBN:
9780191671401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122395.003.0016
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter explores several author’s history, biography, and autobiography. Authors’ lives are apt to be dull, and those who turn author only to tell the story of their lives are unlikely to write ... More


Evaluating Health Programs for Populations

T. Kue Young

in Population Health: Concepts and Methods

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195158540
eISBN:
9780199864379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158540.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a framework for health program evaluation, including economic appraisal, technology assessment, and decision making in health care.


Doctors and Evidence: Evidence-Based Medicine

Carol M. Ashton and Nelda P. Wray

in Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evidence, Medicine, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199968565
eISBN:
9780199346080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968565.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Evidence-based medicine is clinical care guided by the best-available scientific evidence generated from clinical research linked with the clinical acumen of the individual physician. It is built ... More


Control of caries lesion development and progression

Edwina Kidd and Ole Fejerskov

in Essentials of Dental Caries

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198738268
eISBN:
9780191916861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198738268.003.0006
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Dentistry

The first three chapters of this book have introduced the basics of what dental caries is and how to detect lesions. The next chapter will consider the concept of ... More


Introduction Reframing Adult Nursing Practice

Ian Bullock and Jill Macleod Clark

in Adult Nursing Practice: Using evidence in care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199697410
eISBN:
9780191918476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199697410.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Nursing

Healthcare delivery has been transformed over the past decades with a rapid expansion in the demand for care driven by demographic changes, technological innovation, ... More


Clicking Away Rights in DNA: A Review of DTC Contracts

Andelka M Phillips

in Buying your Self on the Internet: Wrap Contracts and Personal Genomics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474422598
eISBN:
9781474476485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474422598.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter provides a summary of a review of the wrap contracts of DTC companies providing genetic tests for health purposes. It identifies a number of terms that are problematic from a consumer ... More


Cultural Encounters Offshore: Britons and Chileans in the Chilean Navy, 1817–1823

Andrés Baeza Ruz

in Contacts, Collisions and Relationships: Britons and Chileans in the Independence era, 1806-1831

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781786941725
eISBN:
9781789623192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781786941725.003.0003
Subject:
History, Latin American History

During the wars for independence Britain maintained a policy of neutrality between Spain and its colonies. As a result, relations between Chile and Britain were largely enacted by ‘non–state’ actors. ... More


Implementing shared decision making: A systematic review

France Légaré, Isabelle Scholl, Dawn Stacey, and Stéphane Turcotte

in Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Shared decision making (SDM) is not yet a reality in most clinical practices. A recently updated Cochrane review of the effectiveness of interventions to implement SDM in clinical practices found 39 ... More


Psychiatry of older adults

Rebecca McKnight, Jonathan Price, and John Geddes

in Psychiatry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198754008
eISBN:
9780191917011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754008.003.0025
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

The provision of mental health services for older adults faces two main challenges: … 1 The world population is ageing, leading to increased numbers of ... More


Reactions to stressful experiences

Rebecca McKnight, Jonathan Price, and John Geddes

in Psychiatry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198754008
eISBN:
9780191917011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754008.003.0031
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

In biological terms, stress literally means a force from the outside world acting upon an individual, and is a phenomenon we have all experienced. The term ... More


Psychosocial and psychological interventions for the prevention of postpartum depression: An updated systematic review

Cindy-Lee Dennis and Therese Dowswell

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199676859
eISBN:
9780191918346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199676859.003.0008
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

The author gratefully acknowledges Dr Debra Creedy who assisted Dr Dennis with the first version of this review in 2004. The author also wishes to thank: ... More


Cumann na nGaedheal and the civil service, 1923–32

Martin Maguire

in The Civil Service and the Revolution in Ireland, 1912–38: Shaking the Blood-stained Hand of Mr Collins

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077401
eISBN:
9781781702611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077401.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History

The Cumann na nGaedheal government was deeply affected by the crisis of legitimation that continued to surround the State in Ireland. This government, which built new State organisations and the new ... More


Conclusion: the civil service, the State and the Irish revolution

Martin Maguire

in The Civil Service and the Revolution in Ireland, 1912–38: Shaking the Blood-stained Hand of Mr Collins

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077401
eISBN:
9781781702611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077401.003.0008
Subject:
History, Political History

The third Home Rule crisis and the emergence of proposals to partition the country, the outbreak of the First World War and then the 1916 Rising were all State-transforming moments that questioned ... More


History doesn’t relate: England, England

Peter Childs

in Julian Barnes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719081064
eISBN:
9781781700020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719081064.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

England, England (1998) is a fictional study around issues such as the creation of the past, the re-fashioning of an imagined national community, and in particular the telling and selling of England. ... More


Information and Evidence: Sources and Evaluation

Graham Brack, Penny Franklin, and Jill Caldwell

in Medicines management for nursing practice: Pharmacology, patient safety, and procedures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199697878
eISBN:
9780191918490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199697878.003.0012
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Nursing

By the end of this chapter, you should understand… ● The range of possible sources of information about medicines ● Their positive and negative characteristics ● Some ... More


Evidence-based medicine

Raghbir Khakha and Adam Hill

in An Introduction to Clinical Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199570072
eISBN:
9780191917868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199570072.003.0015
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Clinical Medicine

The aim of research is to faithfully observe and describe, predict, determine causation, explain the hitherto unexplained, and conjure further questions. Medical ... More


Dissociative Anesthetics: Angel Dust to Special K to Ketamine Clinics

Jerrold Winter

in Our Love Affair with Drugs: The History, the Science, the Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190051464
eISBN:
9780197559451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190051464.003.0010
Subject:
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry

We will consider just two drugs in this chapter. They are phencyclidine and ketamine. Both are widely used as anesthetic agents, ketamine in humans and phencyclidine ... More


Constructing evidence: the development of knowledge which is to be applied

David Byrne

in Applying social science: The role of social research in politics, policy and practice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424518
eISBN:
9781447301486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424518.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter deals with the development of knowledge which is to be applied in order both to understand what works and to show what has worked — with the improvement of practice and policy and with ... More


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