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Children in clinical trials in Ireland: addressing the gaps in the legal framework

Katherine Wade

in Ethical and Legal Debates In Irish Healthcare: Confronting complexities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719099465
eISBN:
9781526104410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099465.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter focuses on two key areas which require further clarity and elaboration in the context of research with children, namely, the requirements for research which does not offer the child the ... More


Trials and Tribulations

Michael Kinch

in Prescription for Change: The Looming Crisis in Drug Development

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469630625
eISBN:
9781469630649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630625.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

The testing of new medicines is a complex, labor- and cost-intensive practice that has evolved over the past 200 years. This chapter explains some of the jargon used by medical practioners and ... More


Structure, Organization, and Knowledge Production of Clinical Trial Industry

Roger Jeffery, Gerard Porter, Salla Sariola, Amar Jesani, and Deapica Ravindran

in Equity and Access: Health Care Studies in India

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780199482160
eISBN:
9780199097746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199482160.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter reviews the evidence about the scale and significance of clinical trials in India. After describing some of the new social forms that service these trials it assesses the growth in their ... More


The Generation of Evidence in Medicine: Evaluating the Benefits and Harms of Treatment

Carol M. Ashton and Nelda P. Wray

in Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evidence, Medicine, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199968565
eISBN:
9780199346080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968565.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Federal mandates for comparative effectiveness research enacted during the 2000’s are intended to increase the kind of high-quality evidence that doctors and patients need for optimal clinical ... More


All Roads Must Lead to Public Health

Lynn C. Klotz and Edward J. Sylvester

in Breeding Bio Insecurity: How U.S. Biodefense Is Exporting Fear, Globalizing Risk, and Making Us All Less Secure

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226444055
eISBN:
9780226444079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226444079.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

The government assesses the relative likelihood and consequences of bioweapons, pandemic flu, and annual infectious disease threats in three different “boxes” so the yearly threats never get compared ... More


Statistical Methodology for a SMART Design in the Development of Adaptive Treatment Strategies

Alena I. Oetting and Janet A Levy

in Causality and Psychopathology: Finding the Determinants of Disorders and their Cures

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199754649
eISBN:
9780197565650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199754649.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

The past two decades have brought new pharmacotherapies as well as behavioral therapies to the field of drug-addiction treatment (Carroll & Onken, 2005; Carroll, 2005; Ling & Smith, 2002; Fiellin, ... More


Experimentation

Emma Newlands

in Civilians into soldiers: War, the body and British Army recruits, 1939-45

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719088049
eISBN:
9781781707869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088049.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores the medical and scientific experiments that were conducted on army personnel between 1939 and 1945. These included trials of therapeutic drugs, synthetic stimulants and exposure ... More


Chemists Who Work in Industry

Jeannette E. Brown

in African American Women Chemists in the Modern Era

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190615178
eISBN:
9780197559673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190615178.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

Dr. Dorothy J. Phillips (Fig. 2.1) is a retired industrial chemist and a member of the Board of Directors of the ACS. Dorothy Jean Wingfield was born in Nashville, Tennessee on July 27, 1945, the ... More


Miracles, Medicine, and MEDLINE

Jacalyn Duffin

in Medical Saints: Cosmas and Damian in a Postmodern World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199743179
eISBN:
9780199345045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743179.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Duffin reviews the history of clinical trials that have been devoted to proving whether or not prayer “works,” within the confines of Evidence-Based Medicine. Failure to find statistically ... More


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