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Asceticism, Heresy, and Early Christian Tradition

David G. Hunter

in Marriage, Celibacy, and Heresy in Ancient Christianity: The Jovinianist Controversy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199279784
eISBN:
9780191707391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279784.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Jovinian's accusations against ascetic extremists had a precedent in earlier Christian tradition. Ascetic elitism was opposed by a number of early Christian writers, including 1 Clement, Ignatius, ... More


From Science to Silence: Clement of Alexandria and Origen

Andrew Radde‐Gallwitz

in Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Transformation of Divine Simplicity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199574117
eISBN:
9780191722110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574117.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

Chapter 2 engages the theological epistemology of Clement of Alexandria. It argues that Clement portrays Christian faith along the lines of what Aristotle called ‘science’ (epistêmê), though he also ... More


Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Transformation of Divine Simplicity

Andrew Radde-Gallwitz

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199574117
eISBN:
9780191722110
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574117.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

Divine simplicity is the idea that, as the ultimate principle of the universe, God must be a non‐composite unity not made up of parts or diverse attributes. The idea was appropriated by early ... More


Neo‐Platonism and the Church Fathers

Terryl L. Givens

in When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence in Western Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195313901
eISBN:
9780199871933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313901.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Neoplatonism, under Plotinus, Proclus, Porphyry, and Iamblicus, developed and modified ideas about preexistence. Church Fathers were divided on the question of preexistence, but many were its ... More


Christians On Moderation Versus Eradication

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0026
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Stoic apatheia was accepted as an ideal for certain humans by Philo the Jew and many leading Christians: Clement of Alexandria, Origen, the Cappadocians (Basil, Gregory of Nyssa, Gregory of ... More


Begotten and Adopted Sons of God—Before and After Nicea

Michael Peppard

in The Son of God in the Roman World: Divine Sonship in its Social and Political Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199753703
eISBN:
9780199914432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753703.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

Chapter 5 synthesizes a broad range of texts in order to show the shifting relationship between begotten and adoptive metaphors during the first four centuries of Christianity. These texts show how ... More


Clement of Alexandria’s Gospel Citations

Carl P. Cosaert

in The Early Text of the New Testament

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199566365
eISBN:
9780191740985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566365.003.0022
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter presents a summary of the latest methodological advances in quantitative and group profile analysis to the text of the Gospels used by Clement, an early Alexandrian father who lived in ... More


A Conception of Faith in the Greek Fathers

John Lamont

in Analytic Theology: New Essays in the Philosophy of Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199203567
eISBN:
9780191708190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203567.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

A frequent complaint about the application to theology of ideas from analytic philosophy is that such applications are unhistorical; they impose anachronistic concepts and questions upon issues from ... More


Early Christian Thought and the Classical Tradition

Henry Chadwick

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266730
eISBN:
9780191683077
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266730.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The historian of Western culture cannot travel far without discovering that the roots of many 20th-century questions lie in the ancient dialogue between the early Christians and culture of the old ... More


The Liberal Puritan

HENRY CHADWICK

in Early Christian Thought and the Classical Tradition

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266730
eISBN:
9780191683077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266730.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Clement of Alexander is hellenized to the core of his being, yet unreserved in his adhesion to the Church in the sense of being wholly opposed to Gnosticism and bound to the authority of scripture as ... More


Clement of Alexandria

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Second‐century Christianity was strongly influenced by Gnostic teachers. The writings of Clement of Alexandria, steeped in Platonic and Stoic philosophy, reach out to a Hellenic world on behalf of a ... More


The Pythagorean: Clement’s Philo

Jennifer Otto

in Philo of Alexandria and the Construction of Jewishness in Early Christian Writings

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198820727
eISBN:
9780191860331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198820727.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Clement of Alexandria cites Philo by name four times in his surviving works. On two of these occasions, Philo is called “the Pythagorean.” This chapter examines Clement’s usage of the terms Jew, ... More


Ruminating on Paul’s Food in the Second Century

John David Penniman

in Raised on Christian Milk: Food and the Formation of the Soul in Early Christianity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300222760
eISBN:
9780300228007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300222760.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

In the second century, the apostle Paul’s legacy was far from settled. This was especially true concerning the meaning of his reference to milk and solid food in 1 Corinthians. In the contentious ... More


Clement of Alexandria

ALAN SCOTT

in Origen and the Life of the Stars: A History of an Idea

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263616
eISBN:
9780191682612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263616.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the views of Clement of Alexandria, who had a similar theological approach to Origen. Clement was an uncompromising opponent of the Hellenistic religion of the heavens, ... More


Christians Reading Philo

Jennifer Otto

in Philo of Alexandria and the Construction of Jewishness in Early Christian Writings

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198820727
eISBN:
9780191860331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198820727.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

It is widely assumed amongst scholars that Clement of Alexandria’s citations of Philo demonstrate continuity between Philo’s Jewish community and early Christians in ancient Alexandria. This chapter ... More


Jesus' Descent to the Underworld

Jeffrey A. Trumbower

in Rescue for the Dead: The Posthumous Salvation of Non-Christians in Early Christianity

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140996
eISBN:
9780199834747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140990.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The fifth chapter categorizes various early Christian opinions on who exactly was saved during Christ's descent to the underworld or Hades, an event known in later theology as the “harrowing of ... More


Other Key Sayings

Anna Wierzbicka

in What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Offers new interpretations of many of Jesus’ most memorable sayings, bringing into sharper focus their originality, often obscured in the literature by various superficial parallels. For example, ... More


Spiritual Authority

Claudia Rapp

in Holy Bishops in Late Antiquity: The Nature of Christian Leadership in an Age of Transition

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242968
eISBN:
9780520931411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242968.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter demonstrates the concept of spiritual authority with reference to its most eloquent post-apostolic spokesmen, Clement of Alexandria and Origen, and their remarks on bearers of the Spirit ... More


Myth and the Origin of the Pythagorean Veil

Brian Kane

in Sound Unseen: Acousmatic Sound in Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199347841
eISBN:
9780199347872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199347841.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Philosophy of Music

Writers on acousmatic sound have never offered a complete history of the term. Usually, the focus is on the Pythagorean school—where it is claimed that Pythagoras lectured to his disciples from ... More


Early Church: The Battle Begins

David Wheeler-Reed

in Regulating Sex in the Roman Empire: Ideology, the Bible, and the Early Christians

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300227727
eISBN:
9780300231311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300227727.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter shows how second- and third-generation Christians wrestled with the familial ideologies codified by the New Testament writers until sexual renunciation became the norm by 300 CE. It ... More


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