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 Are Cap‐and‐Trade Programs More Environmentally Effective than Conventional Regulation?

Ellerman A. Denny

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay explains why cap-and-trade programs (in which government establishes an overall cap on pollution but allows firms to trade allocations beneath the cap) can be both more economically ... More


Environmental Policy from the Great Society to 1980: A Coalition Comes Unglued

Richard Harris

in Conservatism and American Political Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195373929
eISBN:
9780199852291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373929.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Environmentalism, born in the milieu of activism and protest during the 1960s, aimed not only to save the ecosystem but also to open up administrative and policy processes to more democratic impulses ... More


Litigation, Regulation, and International Law as Law and Policy Drivers in the United States

Cinnamon Piñon Carlarne

in Climate Change Law and Policy: EU and US Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199553419
eISBN:
9780191594984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553419.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter examines how public and private actors are using litigation, regulation, and international law to influence federal climate policy. It begins by reviewing past and present climate change ... More


Federalization of Land Use Control in Hawai‘i: Clean Air, Clean Water, Species Protection, and Environmental Impacts

David L. Callies

in Regulating Paradise: Land Use Controls in Hawai'i

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834753
eISBN:
9780824870751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834753.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter discusses how the federal government injected itself into environmental law in a series of statutes passed in the 1970s. These new environmental laws with their significant land use ... More


Using the Clean Air Act to Address Ocean Acidification

Margaret E. Peloso

in Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law: U.S. and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199368747
eISBN:
9780199368761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368747.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

The most significant driver of ocean acidification globally is rising CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere, which result in increasing concentrations of dissolved CO2 in seawater. Because this major ... More


Assessing the EPA’s Experience with Equity in Standard Setting

Douglas S. Noonan

in Failed Promises: Evaluating the Federal Government's Response to Environmental Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028837
eISBN:
9780262327138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028837.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter discusses the environmental justice issues that arise in the context of standard-setting. Specifically, the chapter evaluates the degree to which the EPA has effectively considered ... More


Assessing Acid Rain in the United States: The National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program

Michael Oppenheimer, Naomi Oreskes, Dale Jamieson, Keynyn Brysse, Jessica O’Reilly, Matthew Shindell, and Milena Wazeck

in Discerning Experts: The Practices of Scientific Assessment for Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226601960
eISBN:
9780226602158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226602158.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

The US National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program was established in 1980 to serve as both a research program and an assessment body. It is generally thought to have been successful in the former ... More


Evaluating Fairness in Environmental Regulatory Enforcement

David M. Konisky and Christopher Reenock

in Failed Promises: Evaluating the Federal Government's Response to Environmental Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028837
eISBN:
9780262327138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028837.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

In this chapter, the authors examine patterns of race- and class-based disparities in federal and state regulatory enforcement. The chapter begins with a review of past research evaluating these ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


A Warning Bell for a Fossil Fuel Future

Rachel Emma Rothschild

in Poisonous Skies: Acid Rain and the Globalization of Pollution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226634715
eISBN:
9780226634852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226634852.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In contrast to the acquiescence of the British government, the United States continued to staunchly oppose reductions in fossil fuel emissions through President Reagan's second term. The ... More


Air Quality Standards Have Room to Improve

Michael D. Stein and Sandro Galea

in Pained: Uncomfortable Conversations about the Public's Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197510384
eISBN:
9780197510414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510384.003.0056
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter focuses on the improvement of air quality in the United States. Laws such as the Clean Air Act (CAA), signed in 1970, resulted in a drastic reduction in air pollution. Since then, ... More


Evaluating Environmental Justice: Analytic Lessons from the Academic Literature and in Practice

Ronald J. Shadbegian and Ann Wolverton

in Failed Promises: Evaluating the Federal Government's Response to Environmental Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028837
eISBN:
9780262327138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028837.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter analyzes the difficult challenges that arise when considering the environmental justice effects of federal rules and regulations. It complements the discussion in Chapter 4 by examining ... More


Isn’t There a Better Way? (No, There Isn’t)

Gilbert E. Metcalf

in Paying for Pollution: Why a Carbon Tax is Good for America

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190694197
eISBN:
9780190694227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190694197.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews alternative approaches to putting a price on pollution to control greenhouse gas emissions. It reviews the history of the Clean Air Act and Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) ... More


Air pollution

in Environmental Pollution Studies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853239239
eISBN:
9781846313035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853239239.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The emission of gases such as carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), hydrocarbons (HCs) and sulphur dioxide (SO2) into the air can cause undesirable health effects. These gases interact to ... More


Regulatory Policies and International Treaties

Sigmund F. Zakrzewski (ed.)

in Environmental Toxicology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195148114
eISBN:
9780197565629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195148114.003.0020
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

The purpose of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) is to ensure that all federally administered or assisted programs are conducted so as to take the ... More


The DDT Wars: Four Great Victories

Charles F. Wurster

in DDT Wars: Rescuing Our National Bird, Preventing Cancer, and Creating EDF

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190219413
eISBN:
9780197559512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190219413.003.0018
Subject:
Environmental Science, Pollution and Threats to the Environment

Nearly five decades ago a group of volunteer scientists and citizens launched a campaign to save birds from the ravages of DDT. They went to court at the local level, ... More


Introduction: Obeying Nature

Howard G. Wilshire, Richard W. Hazlett, and Jane E. Nielson

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195142051
eISBN:
9780197561782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195142051.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

This book focuses on the human-caused environmental woes of America’s 11 contiguous western states, its mostly arid western continental frontier. In the nineteenth ... More


General Lessons and Conclusions

William L. Graf

in Plutonium and the Rio Grande: Environmental Change and Contamination in the Nuclear Age

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195089332
eISBN:
9780197560570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195089332.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Limnology (Freshwater)

The initial investigations reported here offer some broad lessons from the analysis of a specific example. Application of the techniques and results in the Los Alamos ... More


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