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L'obligation de jouer le répertoire du premier ordre—Repertory and Management at the Odéon

Mark Everist

in Music Drama at the Paris Odéon, 1824–1828

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520234451
eISBN:
9780520928909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234451.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter discusses repertory and management at the Odeon. During the 1820s, when the theater was mounting productions of music drama, comedy, and tragedy, it boasted up to three directors, two of ... More


Funerals of Scientists, Writers, and Musicians

Avner Ben-Amos

in Funerals, Politics, and Memory in Modern France, 1789–1996

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203285
eISBN:
9780191675836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203285.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Following the positivism of Auguste Comte, Jules Ferry and the other founding fathers of the Third Republic believed that ‘science will replace religion as the Republic replaced the monarchy, and ... More


Death Comes Alive

Jonathan Strauss

in Human Remains: Medicine, Death, and Desire in Nineteenth-Century Paris

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780823233793
eISBN:
9780823241262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233793.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter examines the most influential of the early nineteenth-century theories of death. Death, from the hygienic viewpoint, was a material presence: not a concept or abstract limit, but a ... More


Learning by Experiment: T. H. Huxley and the Aesthetic Nature of Education

Philipp Erchinger

in Artful Experiments: Ways of Knowing in Victorian Literature and Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474438957
eISBN:
9781474453790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474438957.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Beginning with John Herschel’s definition of ‘science’ as a specifically impersonal kind of knowledge, this chapter focuses on the relations between the subjective and the objective, pursuing them ... More


Le fruit défendu—Opéra Comique and the French Tradition

Mark Everist

in Music Drama at the Paris Odéon, 1824–1828

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520234451
eISBN:
9780520928909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234451.003.0008
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter discusses the tradition of the French opéra comique that the Odéon mounted alongside foreign works, and the attempts which the theater and composers in the capital made to have the ... More


The Organism and Its Environment: Integration, Interiority, and Individuality around 1930

Stefanos Geroulanos and Todd Meyers

in The Human Body in the Age of Catastrophe: Brittleness, Integration, Science, and the Great War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226556451
eISBN:
9780226556628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226556628.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Chapter 6 studies “the individual” as it appears in the web of concepts to which these scientists fastened it, key among them “interiority” and “integration.” If physiology cast itself as a science ... More


Envisioning the Lethal Chamber

Scott Christianson

in The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The history of the gas chamber is a story of the twentieth century. But an earlier event that would subsequently figure into its evolution occurred one day in 1846, when a French physiologist, Claude ... More


Metabolism, Autonomy, and Individuality

Hannah Landecker

in Biological Individuality: Integrating Scientific, Philosophical, and Historical Perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226446318
eISBN:
9780226446592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226446592.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the interdependence of metabolism, autonomy and individuality. The work of physiologist Claude Bernard illustrates the logic of total conversion that emerged in nineteenth ... More


Practical Criticisms

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The physician and literary writer Silas Weir Mitchell had a long-standing interest in venom research, spanning the second half of the nineteenth century. Mitchell’s work showcases the dynamics of ... More


Introduction

Frederic Lawrence Holmes

in Meselson, Stahl, and the Replication of DNA: A History of "The Most Beautiful Experiment in Biology"

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300085402
eISBN:
9780300129663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300085402.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The main goal of this volume is to follow, in as full detail as the surviving documents and the memories of the participants permit, the investigative program that led Meselson and Stahl to perform ... More


A Philosophical Background

Robert G. Shulman

in Brain Imaging: What it Can (and Cannot) Tell Us About Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199838721
eISBN:
9780199345373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838721.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Descartes’ dualism of mind and matter has dominated philosophy since his time, particularly in brain studies. A selective history of philosophy from Descartes, Galileo, and the physiologists von ... More


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