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Basic Legal Rights

Kent Spriggs (ed.)

in Voices of Civil Rights Lawyers: Reflections from the Deep South, 1964–1980

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054322
eISBN:
9780813053134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054322.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Part 3 discusses the growth of basic legal rights. In the twenty-first century it can be hard to appreciate how remarkably welcoming the federal judiciary was to the claims of the civil rights ... More


Dixiecrats, Dissenting Delegates, and the Dying Democratic Party: Mississippi's Right Turn from Roosevelt to Johnson

Rebecca Miller Davis

in Nation within a Nation: The American South and the Federal Government

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049878
eISBN:
9780813050348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049878.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Rebecca Miller Davis explores politics in Mississippi, one of the South's most notoriously segregationist states, between 1945 and 1964. She argues that Mississippi politics took a decided “right ... More


The Last Hurrah: The Civil Rights Act of 1964

John W. Compton

in The End of Empathy: Why White Protestants Stopped Loving Their Neighbors

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190069186
eISBN:
9780190069216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190069186.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the role of mainline Protestant religious leaders in building support for the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Using both archival evidence and public opinion data, it argues that ... More


Nightmare Fury and Public Sacrifice

Gary Dorrien

in Breaking White Supremacy: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Black Social Gospel

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300205619
eISBN:
9780300231359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205619.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Martin Luther King Jr. was more radical and angry in 1960 than in 1955, more of both in 1965 than in 1960, and more of both in 1968 than ever. The great demonstrations in Birmingham, St. Augustine, ... More


Nation Time

Richard Iton

in In Search of the Black Fantastic: Politics and Popular Culture in the Post-Civil Rights Era

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195178463
eISBN:
9780199851812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178463.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

As the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act were put into practice, legal equality was formally established among all American citizens. This, however, led to the black community ... More


Movement in Black: Queer Bodies and the Desire for Spatial Justice

GerShun Avilez

in Black Queer Freedom: Spaces of Injury and Paths of Desire

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780252043376
eISBN:
9780252052255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043376.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Black gay and lesbian artists take up the question of spatial justice in their works because they recognize the social insecurity for those who sit at the intersection of racial and sexual minority ... More


Environmental Justice in the Courts

Elizabeth Gross and Paul Stretesky

in Failed Promises: Evaluating the Federal Government's Response to Environmental Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028837
eISBN:
9780262327138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028837.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter considers the role of the judicial system in addressing environmental inequalities. The authors begin the chapter with a careful review of empirical studies of environmental litigation ... More


They Had a Dream

Peter Charles Hoffer

in The Search for Justice: Lawyers in the Civil Rights Revolution, 1950-1975

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226614281
eISBN:
9780226614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226614458.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Federal judges facing the avalanche of civil rights cases came to a variety of decisions. Some pressed for immediate progress. Others were willing to countenance delay. The circuit courts of appeals ... More


Grief, Hope, and Black Power

Kimberly Marlowe Hartnett

in Carolina Israelite: How Harry Golden Made Us Care about Jews, the South, and Civil Rights

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621036
eISBN:
9781469623214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621036.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter delves deeper into Harry Golden’s involvement in the Civil Rights Movement during the 1960s, highlighting his support for President Lyndon B. Johnson over matters concerning racial ... More


Voices of Civil Rights Lawyers: Reflections from the Deep South, 1964–1980

Kent Spriggs (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054322
eISBN:
9780813053134
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054322.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Twenty-six contributors tell their stories about being civil rights lawyers in the Deep South. A thematic structure is employed to reflect these stories. Ten of the stories describe how children of ... More


The Civil Rights Movement and American Law, 1950–1969

Donald G. Nieman

in Promises to Keep: African Americans and the Constitutional Order, 1776 to the Present

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190071639
eISBN:
9780190071677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190071639.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter shows that Brown v. Board of Education raised hope for fundamental change but produced few results. Massive resistance blocked school integration, and only the emergence of black-led ... More


Opening Up the Workplace: The Title VII Campaign

Richard A. Rosen and Joseph Mosnier

in Julius Chambers: A Life in the Legal Struggle for Civil Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469628547
eISBN:
9781469628561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628547.003.0011
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes the contributions of Julius Chambers and his partners, most particularly Robert Belton, to the LDF's national litigation campaign to enforce Title VII of the Civil Rights Act ... More


Fighting the Uneven Battle: Wooten V. Moore

Richard A. Rosen and Joseph Mosnier

in Julius Chambers: A Life in the Legal Struggle for Civil Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469628547
eISBN:
9781469628561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628547.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes Chambers's efforts to enforce Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibited discrimination in restaurants, motels, and other places of public accommodation, ... More


Federal Environmental Justice Policy in Permitting

Eileen Gauna

in Failed Promises: Evaluating the Federal Government's Response to Environmental Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028837
eISBN:
9780262327138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028837.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter examines federal environmental justice policy in the area of facility permitting. The chapter provides a detailed analysis of how distributive and procedural environmental justice issues ... More


School Desegregation and Freedom of Choice

Robert E. Luckett

in Joe T. Patterson and the White South's Dilemma: Evolving Resistance to Black Advancement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781496802699
eISBN:
9781496802736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496802699.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines Joe T. Patterson's stand on the so-called Freedom of Choice desegregation plans. When the US Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW) announced its intention to enforce ... More


Launching the North Carolina Campaign, 1964–1965

Richard A. Rosen and Joseph Mosnier

in Julius Chambers: A Life in the Legal Struggle for Civil Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469628547
eISBN:
9781469628561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628547.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes Chambers's return to North Carolina in July 1964, and his success in quickly elevating North Carolina to the forefront of the LDF's national litigation campaign to translate ... More


Victoria Gray: May 1964, Wisconsin

Davis W. Houck and David E. Dixon

in Women and the Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1965

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604731071
eISBN:
9781604737608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604731071.003.0031
Subject:
History, African-American History

Born on November 5, 1926, in the all-black community of Palmer’s Crossing in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, Victoria Jackson Gray Adams got involved in the civil rights movement by accident. In the spring ... More


Conclusion

Elizabeth Gritter

in River of Hope: Black Politics and the Memphis Freedom Movement, 18651954

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813144504
eISBN:
9780813145150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813144504.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

The book ends with a brief examination of the 1955 to 2011 period. In 1960, the sit-in movement swept Memphis and the South. Civil rights activists in Memphis, including Maxine Atkins Smith and ... More


Religious Discrimination and the Civil Rights Act of 1964

Raymond F. Gregory

in Encountering Religion in the Workplace: The Legal Rights and Responsibilities of Workers and Employers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449543
eISBN:
9780801460746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449543.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

This chapter examines the provisions of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 that provide workers with basic protections against acts of religious discrimination. Title VII prohibits religious ... More


Affirmative Action and Higher Education

J. Scott Carter and Cameron D. Lippard

in The Death of Affirmative Action?: Racialized Framing and the Fight Against Racial Preference in College Admissions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781529201116
eISBN:
9781529201161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529201116.003.0002
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter discusses the ever-evolving role of race in politics in the history of the US. How the government handled racial and other discrimination has not always been effective. It was not until ... More


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