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Researching Scientology: Perceptions, Premises, Promises, and Problematics

Douglas E. Cowan

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores the research problem of the Church of Scientology from four interrelated elements: (1) the positive and negative perceptions of the Church that inevitably inform any research ... More


How Should We Regard the Religious Ceremonies of the Church of Scientology?

Régis Dericquebourg

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the role of the ceremonies of the Church of Scientology. Scientology aims at personal, spiritual self-development and does not a priori need a religious service. Hubbard may, in ... More


Scientology, a “New Age” Religion?

Andreas Grünschloß

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The “Church of Scientology” has gradually surfaced as the most hotly debated movement during the second half of the twentieth century, and it continued to stimulate ongoing discussions up to the ... More


Scientology: “Modern Religion” or “Religion of Modernity”?

Gerald Willms

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter analyzes some of the deep-rooted cultural influences on L. Ron Hubbard that shaped the Church of Scientology. It argues that Scientology is world-affirming, meaning that it is a very ... More


The Church of Scientology: Legal and Activist Responses

Susan J. Palmer

in The New Heretics of France: Minority Religions, la Republique, and the Government-Sponsored ''War on Sects''

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735211
eISBN:
9780199918577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735211.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The Church of Scientology (CoS) has played a major role in the French Sect Wars. Other religious minorities, notably Aumisme and the Témoins de Jéhovah, have vigorously defended their associations ... More


Community in Scientology and among Scientologists

Peter B. Andersen and Rie Wellendorf

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter analyzes the social setting in and around the Church of Scientology insofar as it is relevant to identify a community within Scientology and among its members. The Church of Scientology ... More


The Church of Scientology in Sweden

Henrik Bogdan

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on the development of the Church of Scientology in Sweden from its inception in 1969, and how it has adapted to the Swedish religious climate. The Church of Scientology spread ... More


Celebrity, the Popular Media, and Scientology: Making Familiar the Unfamiliar

Carole M. Cusack

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0021
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

One of the most prominent aspects of the Church of Scientology to average citizens is its ability to attract high-profile celebrities, particularly Hollywood celebrities. This chapter examines this ... More


Scientology in Court: A Look at Some Major Cases from Various Nations

James T. Richardson

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Since its establishment in 1954, the Church of Scientology has filed innumerable lawsuits against governments, individuals, and organizations in a long-running effort to establish itself legally as a ... More


Pastoral Care and September 11: Scientology’s Nontraditional Religious Contribution

Carole M. Cusack and Justine Digance

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0023
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter provides a concise overview of the Church of Scientology's participation in the post-9/11 response at Ground Zero in New York City. Scientology was the only nontraditional religion to ... More


Scientology Down Under

Adam Possamai and Alphia Possamai-Inesedy

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses the Church of Scientology as a case study of Australia's approach to new religious movements. It discusses the Australian legal and government opinions on Scientology such as ... More


Preliminary Conclusions from Interviews and Fieldwork

Donald Westbrook

in Among the Scientologists: History, Theology, and Praxis

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190664978
eISBN:
9780190921453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190664978.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter offers eight conclusions about Scientology, Scientologists, and the Church of Scientology that emerged in the course of the author’s interviews and fieldwork. The conclusions are as ... More


Birth of a Religion

J. Gordon Melton

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter provides an overview of L. Ron Hubbard's life. It describes Hubbard's early education, his fame in science fiction, and his fascination with finding a technology of the human mind that ... More


Making Sense of Scientology: Prophetic, Contractual Religion

David G. Bromley

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses the Church of Scientology as an example of a quasi-religious organization that blends religion and therapy in a way that creates a heightened sense of individual empowerment ... More


Introduction: Methods and Means of Researching Scientology and Scientologists

Donald Westbrook

in Among the Scientologists: History, Theology, and Praxis

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190664978
eISBN:
9780190921453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190664978.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter introduces the methods and means by which historical, sociological, and theological research was conducted. Moving beyond debates over the nature of “religion” versus “sect” and “cult,” ... More


The Development and Reality of Auditing

Gail M. Harley and John Kieffer

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines auditing, the Church of Scientology's core practice. Hubbard postulated that the systematic application of auditing would lead the practitioner and believer to higher levels of ... More


Scientology Missions International (SMI): An Immutable Model of Technological Missionary Activity

Bernadette Rigal-Cellard

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the way religions undergo transformations when they migrate from the country in which they were born to other cultures, using the Church of Scientology as a case study. The ... More


Challenging Acts of INTERPOL in Domestic Courts

Rutsel Silvestre J Martha

in Challenging Acts of International Organizations Before National Courts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199595297
eISBN:
9780191595752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595297.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

This chapter suggests that INTERPOL's informal origins and the dual status of its National Central Bureaus contribute to an approach by national courts that seems not to be influenced by either a ... More


The Church of Scientology

Stuart A. Wright and Susan J. Palmer

in Storming Zion: Government Raids on Religious Communities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780195398892
eISBN:
9780190269982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398892.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter presents a case study of the Church of Scientology. It begins with an overview of the government raids on the group from 1963 to 1989, followed by the history and background of ... More


The New Heretics of France: Minority Religions, la Republique, and the Government-Sponsored ''War on Sects''

Susan Palmer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735211
eISBN:
9780199918577
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735211.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Since the Age of Enlightenment, France has upheld clear constitutional guidelines that protect human rights and religious freedom. Today, however, intolerant attitudes and discriminatory practices ... More


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