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Pope Leo XIII (1878–1903)

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Elected by the cardinals of Pius IX, Leo XIII was a conservative but with a greater knowledge of history and capable of using moderate language. The encyclical Aeterni Patris (1879) declared the ... More


Pope Pius X (1903–1914)

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The election of Giuseppe Sarto, archbishop of Venice, as Pius X in 1903 was a surprise in that he had little political or diplomatic experience and knew nothing of the workings of the Curia. He did ... More


The Formation of the First Amendment

Thomas J. Curry

in Farewell to Christendom: The Future of Church and State in America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145694
eISBN:
9780199834129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145690.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Religious liberty depends on keeping the government out of religious matters, whereas religious toleration is a gift of government. Virginia's Bill for Religious Liberty and Massachusetts’ ... More


Two Worlds Meet

Nicholas P. Cushner

in Why Have You Come Here?: The Jesuits and the First Evangelization of Native America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195307566
eISBN:
9780199784936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195307569.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Renaissance Europeans were “certain” that they had reached the pinnacle of human endeavor. Religion, culture, art, society, and behavior were elements that differed from Europe to America. The ... More


The End of Christendom and the Role of the Courts

Thomas J. Curry

in Farewell to Christendom: The Future of Church and State in America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145694
eISBN:
9780199834129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145690.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Evaluates existing Church–State decisions from the point of view of the interpretation of the First Amendment as a single mandate against the exercise of government jurisdiction in religion. It deals ... More


 The Early Republic: Thomas Jefferson's Philosophy of History and the Future of American Christianity

Johann Neem

in Prophesies of Godlessness: Predictions of America's Iminent Secularization from the Puritans to Postmodernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195342536
eISBN:
9780199867042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342536.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Thomas Jefferson is famous for believing that reason would moderate American Christianity. In time, he prophesied, Americans would replace faith‐based Christianity with a Unitarian Christianity ... More


Religion in Scotland and Norway

Arne Bugge Amundsen and Michael Rosie

in Northern Neighbours: Scotland and Norway since 1800

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748696208
eISBN:
9781474412506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748696208.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

Religion has played a key part in the development of both Scotland and Norway, in terms of local governance and the organisation of social structure and hierarchies, identity and popular history, yet ... More


On the Nation and Its Culture

Edward J. Hughes

in Proust, Class, and Nation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199609864
eISBN:
9780191731761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609864.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter examines how Proust responds to the voices of nationalism, Germanophobia, laicity, and social progressivism, among others. Proust specifically considers how duty to the nation is to be ... More


Fragment Poems and Fragment Nations: The Aesthetics of Ireland in Samuel Taylor Coleridge's Late Work

in British State Romanticism: Authorship, Agency, and Bureaucratic Nationalism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804762281
eISBN:
9780804773485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804762281.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter examines how Coleridge's late work, including On the Constitution of the Church and State, transposes his model of organic form from poetry to politics to consider the interrelationship ... More


The legacy of Catholic cultural nationalism and religious segregation

Karin Fischer

in Schools and the Politics of Religion and Diversity in the Republic of Ireland: Separate But Equal?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719091964
eISBN:
9781526115379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091964.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Education

Chapter 1 examines the influence and legacy of Gaelic-Catholic cultural nationalism on the Irish education system, showing that its main characteristics (Church control and denominational structures, ... More


The view from the devil’s mountain: Clarendon, Cressy and Hobbes, and the past, present and future of the Church of England

Paul Seaward

in From Republic to Restoration: Legacies and Departures

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780719089688
eISBN:
9781526135872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089688.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The lives, and political thought, of Edward Hyde, earl of Clarendon, and Thomas Hobbes, were closely interwoven. In many ways opposed, their views on the relationship between Church and State have ... More


The Beginnings of Rapprochement

Lewis Ayres

in Nicaea and its Legacy: An Approach to Fourth-Century Trinitarian Theology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780198755067
eISBN:
9780191602788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198755066.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Begins by discussing the relations between Church and Emperor between 360 and 378. The period as a whole is marked by a gradual coalescing of a ‘pro-Nicene’ theological position in which different ... More


A broken world: Church and state in The Bell

Niall Carson

in Rebel by vocation: Seán O'Faoláin and the generation of The Bell

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780719099373
eISBN:
9781526109743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099373.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter discusses the role of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) in the formation of The Bell. Both Seán O’Faoláin and Peadar O’Donnell had seen active service as members of the IRA, as had many of ... More


Tory Sensibilities Old and New: The Perils of False Brethren and Passive Obedience

Toni Bowers

in Force or Fraud: British Seduction Stories and the Problem of Resistance, 1660-1760

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199592135
eISBN:
9780191725340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592135.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

Chapter 5 marks a transitional moment early in the eighteenth century, when old‐ and new‐tory‐oriented discourses came into conflict around the doctrine of passive obedience and non‐resistance. It ... More


The Orthodox Church of Greece

Dimitris Stamatopoulos

in Orthodox Christianity and Nationalism in Nineteenth-Century Southeastern Europe

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780823256068
eISBN:
9780823261307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256068.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter provides a concise history of the Greek Orthodox Church in the 19th century and an interpretative approach to the problem of the emergence of autocephalous churches in Southeastern ... More


The 1950s: Part One

Steven K. Green

in The Third Disestablishment: Church, State, and American Culture, 1940-1975

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190908140
eISBN:
9780190908171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908140.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Religious Studies

This chapter examines the Protestant–Catholic tensions of the early 1950s and the meteoric rise of Protestants and Other Americans United for Separation of Church and State (POAU) and its early ... More


Freedom of Religion

Sandra Fredman

in Comparative Human Rights Law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199689408
eISBN:
9780191768293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199689408.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter considers freedom of religion in relation to three themes. The first concerns the separation of State and religion. Although a strict separation is seen as fundamental in some ... More


Richard Hooker’s Corporate Christians

Henry S. Turner

in The Corporate Commonwealth: Pluralism and Political Fictions in England, 1516-1651

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226363356
eISBN:
9780226363493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226363493.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Chapter Three continues the book’s discussion of Elizabethan political philosophy by turning to the period’s most powerful defense of the English Church and English commonwealth as corporations on a ... More


Schools and the Politics of Religion and Diversity in the Republic of Ireland: Separate But Equal?

Karin Fischer

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719091964
eISBN:
9781526115379
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091964.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education

Separate but equal? Schools and the politics of religion and diversity in the Republic of Ireland focuses on the historical and current place of religion in the Irish education system from the ... More


Religion in Post-Secular America

Wilfred M. Mcclay

in American Thought and Culture in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748626014
eISBN:
9780748670673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748626014.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter focuses on the tensions between secularism and a resurgence of religious belief and practice in post-9/11 United States. Arguing that religion’s new lease of life stems from the ... More


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