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Values, Norms, and the Practical

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter rejects the view that Wiggins’s and McDowell’s theories of moral motivation postulate an objectionable form of inherent normativity in a moral agent’s recognition of value. Their ... More


 Q & A

Lenn E. Goodman

in Love Thy Neighbour As Thyself

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195328820
eISBN:
9780199870172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328820.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Christine Korsgaard surveys several ways of warranting ethics (Hobbes, Puffendorff, Moore, Ross, Nagel, Hutcheson, Hume, Mill, Williams). She chooses a neo‐Kantian approach. But Goodman finds her ... More


The Value of Humanity: Reflections on Korsgaard’s Transcendental Argument

Robert Stern

in Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608553
eISBN:
9780191729645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608553.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This article considers Christine Korsgaard's argument for the value of humanity, and the role that her transcendental argument plays in this, to the effect that an agent must value her own humanity. ... More


Responsibility and Practical Reason

George Sher

in Who Knew?: Responsibility Without Awareness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195389197
eISBN:
9780199866724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389197.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter asks what positive reason we might have to accept the searchlight view. Because the searchlight view holds that agents are responsible only for the features of their acts of which they ... More


Reason, Humanity, and the Moral Law

G. A. Cohen

Jonathan Wolff (ed.)

in Lectures on the History of Moral and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149004
eISBN:
9781400848713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149004.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter comments on Christine Korsgaard's views on reason, humanity, and moral law in the context of her ethics. In particular, it examines Korsgaard's response to the question inspired by ... More


Normativity

Hilary Kornblith

in On Reflection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199563005
eISBN:
9780191745263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563005.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Human beings are subject to normative demands. Where do these normative demands come from? Some have argued that they are the product of reflection. When we reflect, we may question why we should act ... More


Coming to Terms with Contingency: Humean Constructivism about Practical Reason

Sharon Street

in Constructivism in Practical Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199609833
eISBN:
9780191741913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609833.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Street defends a modest, Humean form of constructivism where an agent’s reasons depend on contingent features of what she happens to value against a more ambitious Kantian ... More


Two Problems about Human Agency

Michael E. Bratman

in Structures of Agency: Essays

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187717
eISBN:
9780199893058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes agential authority from subjective normative authority, argues that a theory of strong forms of human agency needs to provide a coordinated treatment of both, and explains ... More


The Practice of Value

Joseph Raz

R. Jay Wallace (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199278466
eISBN:
9780191699986
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278466.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, which honor the American scholar, industrialist, and philanthropist Obert Clark Tanner, are presented annually at each of nine universities in the United States ... More


Constitutivism and Self-Constitution

Paul Katsafanas

in Agency and the Foundations of Ethics: Nietzschean Constitutivism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199645077
eISBN:
9780191751912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645077.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Christine Korsgaard defends a constitutivist theory according to which action’s constitutive standard is self-constitution. This chapter reconstructs Korsgaard’s argument for this conclusion and ... More


Choosing Rationally and Choosing Correctly

Ralph Wedgwood

in Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199257362
eISBN:
9780191601842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257361.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Argues that internal requirements on rational choice are derived from the ultimate practical ‘aim’ of arriving at correct choices, which depend on which of one's options really are good things to do. ... More


Kantian Ethics: Value, Agency, and Obligation

Robert Stern

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198722298
eISBN:
9780191789113
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722298.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book contains chapters relating to the central theme of Kant’s ethics, and particularly Kant’s account of value, obligation, and agency. The book contains chapters not only on Kant himself, but ... More


The Doctrines of Double and Triple Effect and Why a Rational Agent Need Not Intend the Means to His End

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter is concerned with the Doctrine of Double Effect as well as the Doctrine of Triple Effect. It examines why a rational agent need not intend the means to his end and argues that when an ... More


Reasons Internalism

Russ Shafer-Landau

in Moral Realism: A Defence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259455.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Discusses the varieties of internalism about reasons, and argues against the most powerful arguments on its behalf, including those offered by Bernard Williams and Christine Korsgaard. Provides two ... More


Kant's Theory of Radical Evil

Claudia Card

in The Atrocity Paradigm: A Theory of Evil

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145083
eISBN:
9780199833115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145089.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

According to Kant, we become radically evil when we subordinate the moral law to our own self‐interest (prudence). He holds that we never do wrong for the sake of doing wrong but only for the sake of ... More


Kantian Constructivism: Something Old, Something New 1

Michael Ridge

in Constructivism in Practical Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199609833
eISBN:
9780191741913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609833.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Ridge asks whether constructivism can be credibly regarded as a position in metaethics which is “at once thoroughgoing…, novel and plausible.” His defence of a negative answer ... More


Kant and the Absolute Prohibition against Lying

Thomas L. Carson

in Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577415
eISBN:
9780191722813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577415.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

In several works, Kant claims that lying is always wrong, no matter what. He is probably the most well‐known defender of an absolute prohibition against lying in the history of Western philosophy. ... More


Kantian Congruence and the Unified Self

Paul Weithman

in Why Political Liberalism?: On John Rawls's Political Turn

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195393033
eISBN:
9780199894901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393033.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The second of Rawls's two main congruence arguments is “the Kantian Congruence Argument”. This chapter reconstructs that argument, showing how it depends upon Rawls's immediately preceding treatments ... More


Korsgaard’s Intellectualized First-Person Account of Kant’s Practical Agent

Julian Wuerth

in Kant on Mind, Action, and Ethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199587629
eISBN:
9780191760907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587629.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines Christine Korsgaard’s influential interpretation of Kant’s ethics. It argues that Korsgaard grounds the interpretation of Kant’s ethics in an interpretation of Kant’s account of ... More


Introduction

R. JAY WALLACE

in The Practice of Value

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199278466
eISBN:
9780191699986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278466.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The theory on how people evaluate valuable things in life as it is influenced by social conditions is explained in this book, which presents a revised text from the Tanner Lectures on Human Values ... More


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