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Introduction

Hugh McLeod

in The Religious Crisis of the 1960s

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199298259
eISBN:
9780191711619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298259.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the changes that occurred in the religions history of the Western world during the ‘long 1960s’, a period which lasted from 1958 to 1974. Four ... More


Savage Peoples and Civilizing Powers

Colin G. Calloway

in White People, Indians, and Highlanders: Tribal People and Colonial Encounters in Scotland and America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195340129
eISBN:
9780199867202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340129.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

A core component of colonial projects in both the Highlands and Indian North America was to convert the tribal inhabitants, who were assumed to exist at an inferior stage of development. This chapter ... More


Papacy and Law in the Gregorian Revolution: The Canonistic Work of Anselm of Lucca

Kathleen G. Cushing

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207245
eISBN:
9780191677571
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207245.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

This book explores the role of canon law in the ecclesiastical reform movement of the eleventh century, commonly known as the Gregorian Refom movement. Focusing on the ... More


Aboriginal Sovereignty and Status in the ‘Empire(s) of Uniformity’

P.G. McHUGH

in Aboriginal Societies and the Common Law: A History of Sovereignty, Status, and Self-Determination

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198252481
eISBN:
9780191710438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198252481.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Legal History

Through the 17th and most of the 18th centuries, the formal pattern of British relations with non-Christian societies carried strong residual traces of a medieval and personalized approach to the ... More


The Invention of the Unbeliever

Ethan H. Shagan

in The Birth of Modern Belief

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691174747
eISBN:
9780691184944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174747.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter analyzes how generations of scholars have trawled through several materials for evidence of “real” atheism, with limited success. More recently, a number of scholars have demonstrated ... More


Interdenominational Scenes, 1900–1960

David J. Jeremy

in Capitalists and Christians: Business Leaders and the Churches in Britain 1900-1960

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201212
eISBN:
9780191674839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201212.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter discusses the identity and functions of business people in the interdenominational Christian societies. Case studies of the careers of the members of the business Élites and the lists of ... More


The Church in an Age of Projects

Brent S. Sirota

in The Christian Monitors: The Church of England and the Age of Benevolence, 1680-1730

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780300167108
eISBN:
9780300199277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300167108.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter considers the imperatives of Anglican reform in the ensuing settlement of the established church. It describes how the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (SPCK) emerged from a ... More


The Church: Anglicanism and the Nationalization of Maritime Space

Brent S. Sirota

in Mercantilism Reimagined: Political Economy in Early Modern Britain and Its Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199988532
eISBN:
9780199369997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988532.003.0009
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History, History of Ideas

Religious outreach to the maritime world in the later seventeenth and eighteenth centuries constituted a movement to overcome the moral hazard of the ocean and to inscribe the sea and seafaring ... More


Didacticism and the Christian Community: The Teachers and the Taught

Clare A. Lees (ed.)

in Old English Literature: Critical Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300091397
eISBN:
9780300129113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300091397.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, Anglo-Saxon / Old English Literature

This chapter examines how constructions of the Anglo-Saxon self were promoted through the teaching of Christian doctrine in homilies and letters, mainly in the work of Aelfric. It suggests that ... More


Anglican Religious Societies, Organizations, and Missions

David Manning

in The Oxford History of Anglicanism, Volume II: Establishment and Empire, 1662 -1829

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780199644636
eISBN:
9780191838941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199644636.003.0022
Subject:
Religion, Church History, History of Christianity

This chapter provides the first critical survey of those societies that worked under the rubric of the Church of England over the course of its ‘long eighteenth century’. Transcending a scholarly ... More


Religious Societies for Distributing Books

Isabel Rivers

in Vanity Fair and the Celestial City: Dissenting, Methodist, and Evangelical Literary Culture in England 1720-1800

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198269960
eISBN:
9780191851209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198269960.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature, History of Christianity

This chapter traces the beginning and development of tract publication and distribution from the later seventeenth through to the early nineteenth centuries, with accounts in chronological order of ... More


Papal Claims to Authority over Judaism

Rebecca Rist

in Popes and Jews, 1095–1291

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198717980
eISBN:
9780191787430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717980.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Religion, European Medieval History

This chapter argues that as canon law developed from the 1160s onwards, it both augmented and justified the papacy’s central role in Europe, while also encouraging in the faithful the sense of a ... More


The Papacy and the Place of Jews in Christian Society

Rebecca Rist

in Popes and Jews, 1095–1291

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198717980
eISBN:
9780191787430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717980.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Religion, European Medieval History

This chapter discusses the place of Jews in Christian society. It examines the papacy’s unequivocal condemnation of forced baptism, but also its encouragement of converts from Judaism to remain in ... More


Divided Souls: Converts from Judaism in Germany, 1500-1750

Elisheva Carlebach

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300084108
eISBN:
9780300133066
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300084108.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book reevaluates the place of converts from Judaism in the narrative of Jewish history. Long considered beyond the pale of Jewish historiography, converts played a central role in shaping both ... More


Jews and Money

Rebecca Rist

in Popes and Jews, 1095–1291

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198717980
eISBN:
9780191787430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717980.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion, European Medieval History

This chapter develops the theme of marginalization, exploring how—since Jews were denied equal status with Christians and were barred from many positions of importance in a profoundly Christian ... More


Missionary Societies

Brian Stanley

in The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions, Volume II: The Long Eighteenth Century c. 1689-c. 1828

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198702245
eISBN:
9780191838910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198702245.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Church History

While some of the global reach of Dissenting traditions is due to the vagaries of migration from Britain in the early modern period, much of it is also the result of the deliberate propagation of the ... More


Evangelicals and Jewish Restoration

Yaakov Ariel

in An Unusual Relationship: Evangelical Christians and Jews

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814770689
eISBN:
9780814762936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814770689.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses the evangelical initiatives for the restoration of the Jews to Palestine and the building of a Jewish commonwealth there, as well as the relationships that developed between ... More


Philosophy, Religion, and Worldview

Graham Oppy

in Christian Philosophy: Conceptions, Continuations, and Challenges

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198834106
eISBN:
9780191872297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834106.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Alvin Plantinga’s “Advice to Christian Philosophers” begins with a triumphalist narrative that forms the backdrop for the advice to Christian philosophers. In this chapter Graham Oppy argues (a) that ... More


The Public Funding Requirement: Tax Exemptions, Student Forums, and Government Orthodoxies

John D. Inazu

in Confident Pluralism: Surviving and Thriving through Deep Difference

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226365459
eISBN:
9780226365596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226365596.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Chapter 4 shows how some forms of government funding are indispensable to the vision of Confident Pluralism. Using as a case study the 1970s magazine, Big Mama Rag, this chapter explains why the ... More


Wrongful Discrimination?: Religious Freedom, Pluralism, and Equality

Richard W. Garnett

in Religious Freedom and Gay Rights: Emerging Conflicts in the United States and Europe

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190600600
eISBN:
9780190600631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190600600.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Religious Studies

This chapter seeks to bring improved clarity and precision to our understanding of “discrimination,” particularly as it relates to conflicts between equality and religious freedom in the United ... More


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