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The Abortion Debates in Belgium 1974–1990

Karen Celis

in Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

It took 15 years and many debates before women's movement activists persuaded the Belgian politicians to liberalize the old abortion law dating from the Napoleonic Penal code of 1910. In this ... More


The Development of Membership Parties in Germany and Britain

Susan E. Scarrow

in Parties and Their Members: Organizing for Victory in Britain and Germany

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279181
eISBN:
9780191600166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279183.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Traces the post‐1945 organizational developments in the German Social Democratic Party and Christian Democratic Party and in the British Labour and Conservative Parties. Highlights changes in the ... More


Characteristics of Belle Époque Regionalism

JULIAN WRIGHT

in The Regionalist Movement in France 1890-1914: Jean Charles-Brun and French Political Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199264889
eISBN:
9780191718380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264889.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The revision of common assumptions about Belle Époque regionalism in France depends on a detailed study of the thought and actions of Jean Charles-Brun and his closest allies. Many of the ... More


The Rise of Christian Socialism

Charles D. Ameringer

in The Socialist Impulse: Latin America in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033099
eISBN:
9780813038124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033099.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter discusses the rise of Christian socialism. Christian socialism became a force that was composed of the Christian democratic and social Christian movements, among others. These three ... More


The Service Transition and Women’s Employment

Moira Nelson and John D. Stephens

in The Political Economy of the Service Transition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199657285
eISBN:
9780191745133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657285.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter explores the effect of social policy and labor market regulation on employment of women and in services. The authors—Moira Nelson and John Stephens—argue that in the current economic ... More


Debating Democracy: The Dialectic of Christian Democrat and Socialist Variants of Democracy

Martin Conway

in Western Europe's Democratic Age: 1945-1968

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691203485
eISBN:
9780691204604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691203485.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter details how the Socialist and Christian Democratic movements competed and collaborated in the process of democracy-building. Much of the historical writing about both Christian Democracy ... More


Adjustment in Practice: Opening and Closing the Door on the Italian Left

Aaron Major

in Architects of Austerity: International Finance and the Politics of Growth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804788342
eISBN:
9780804790734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804788342.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter shows how intergovernmental organizations like the OECD and the Bank for International Settlements put their ideas into practice in their discussions of Italian political and economic ... More


The Creation of Constitutional Consensus

Noah Benezra Strote

in Lions and Lambs: Conflict in Weimar and the Creation of Post-Nazi Germany

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300219050
eISBN:
9780300228045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300219050.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter demonstrates how, over the following decade, leaders of the old judiciary and the old labor unions attempted to find resolution to the class conflict that had pitched their forces ... More


The Semantics of Social Security: The 1957 Pensions Reform and the Sozialstaat

Peter C. Caldwell

in Democracy, Capitalism, and the Welfare State: Debating Social Order in Postwar West Germany, 1949-1989

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198833819
eISBN:
9780191872198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833819.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

The West German pensions reform bill of 1957 was the product of a decade-long discussion among German experts about the need for a comprehensive reform of social policy, elder poverty, and adequate ... More


Religion and Democratization in Italy

Michael D. Driessen

in Religion and Democratization: Framing Religious and Political Identities in Muslim and Catholic Societies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199329700
eISBN:
9780199375288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199329700.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter tests the causal logics of the theory through an in-depth case study of religiously friendly democratization in Italy between 1945 and 1965. It considers the historical backdrop to the ... More


The Presidential Candidacy of Radomiro Tomic

Sebastián Hurtado-Torres

in The Gathering Storm: Eduardo Frei's Revolution in Liberty and Chile's Cold War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747182
eISBN:
9781501747205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747182.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter assesses the presidential candidacy of Radomiro Tomic. Shortly after assuming the presidency, Eduardo Frei Montalva appointed his old friend and fellow Christian Democratic leader ... More


Chilean Copper and U.S. Companies

Sebastián Hurtado-Torres

in The Gathering Storm: Eduardo Frei's Revolution in Liberty and Chile's Cold War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747182
eISBN:
9781501747205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747182.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter focuses on the role of copper policies in the relations between the United States and Chile during the Frei administration, especially as they relate to the developmental efforts of the ... More


Christian Economics?

Noah Benezra Strote

in Lions and Lambs: Conflict in Weimar and the Creation of Post-Nazi Germany

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300219050
eISBN:
9780300228045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300219050.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores how German elites molded a bare majority to support a “Christian” policy to respond to the dire economic situation still facing the country, under the leadership of the first ... More


The U.S. Embassy in Santiago and the Presidential Election of 1964

Sebastián Hurtado-Torres

in The Gathering Storm: Eduardo Frei's Revolution in Liberty and Chile's Cold War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747182
eISBN:
9781501747205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747182.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter discusses the role of the U.S. embassy in Santiago in the Chilean presidential election of 1964. One of the leading candidates in the race, Salvador Allende, was an avowed Marxist and ... More


Time of Trouble, 1967–1969

Sebastián Hurtado-Torres

in The Gathering Storm: Eduardo Frei's Revolution in Liberty and Chile's Cold War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747182
eISBN:
9781501747205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747182.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter details how, despite the seemingly favorable situation for the Chilean government, in 1967 things would begin to go in a very different direction. After the first two successful years of ... More


Germany: little hope in times of crisis

Uwe Jun

in Why the Left Loses: The Decline of the Centre-Left in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447332664
eISBN:
9781447332725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447332664.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter addresses social democracy in Germany. For many years, the Social Democratic Party (SPD) has performed poorly at the German parliamentary (Bundestag) elections, and crucially, has been ... More


The Frei Administration

James Lockhart

in Chile, the CIA and the Cold War: A Transatlantic Perspective

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474435611
eISBN:
9781474465243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474435611.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter assesses the Frei administration's national and international response to the energy the Cuban Revolution unleashed in Latin America in the 1960s. It presents President Eduardo Frei as ... More


The United States and Chilean Politics in the Cold War

Sebastián Hurtado-Torres

in The Gathering Storm: Eduardo Frei's Revolution in Liberty and Chile's Cold War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747182
eISBN:
9781501747205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747182.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the relationship between Eduardo Frei's Revolution in Liberty and the United States. For the United States foreign policy apparatus, the Christian ... More


The United States and the Presidential Election of 1970

Sebastián Hurtado-Torres

in The Gathering Storm: Eduardo Frei's Revolution in Liberty and Chile's Cold War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747182
eISBN:
9781501747205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747182.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter studies the 1970 Chilean presidential election. As the Marxist Left had a good chance of winning, the 1970 election stood as a rare opportunity for a nation to head toward socialism by ... More


The United States and the Last Two Years of the Frei Administration

Sebastián Hurtado-Torres

in The Gathering Storm: Eduardo Frei's Revolution in Liberty and Chile's Cold War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747182
eISBN:
9781501747205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747182.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter addresses the congressional election of 1969, which took place in a landscape substantially different from that of 1965. Most political forces had endured transformative changes that led ... More


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