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“Consensual” Adjustment in Post‐Consociational Democracy

Erik Jones

in Economic Adjustment and Political Transformation in Small States

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208333
eISBN:
9780191708985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208333.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter analyses the adjustment strategies pursued by Wilfried Martens in Belgium (Poupehan) and Ruud Lubbers in the Netherlands (Wassenaar). It shows how they were able to restart price-incomes ... More


The Ralliement (1890–1898)

Kevin Passmore

in The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658206
eISBN:
9780191745034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658206.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The failure of Boulangism, coupled with fear of socialism and radical republicanism, persuaded the Pope to order monarchists to defend property and religion within the Republic. Monarchists who had ... More


Religion and Politics: The Identity of the Christian Democrat Movement and Theory of Democracy

Roberto Papini

in Religion, the Enlightenment, and the New Global Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150071
eISBN:
9780231526623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150071.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter looks into the pluralist-democratic tradition of monism that has emerged in Catholicism. It traces the development of this Christian Democracy by briefly exploring the thought of three ... More


Politics

Porter-Szücs Brian

in Faith and Fatherland: Catholicism, Modernity, and Poland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195399059
eISBN:
9780199896844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399059.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In the 19th century, the Roman Catholic faithful were taught that they should respect secular authority despite the fact that most Poles were under the control of non-Catholic rulers. Elsewhere the ... More


Cold War and the Fear of Subversion

Marc Mulholland

in Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear: From Absolutism to Neo-Conservatism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199653577
eISBN:
9780191744594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653577.003.0013
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Ideas

Post-war Western Europe converged towards an American model of high-wage consumerist capitalism, considerably attenuating class conflict. In Western Europe, Christian democracy and Social Democracy ... More


Art and Catholicism

JULIAN WRIGHT

in The Regionalist Movement in France 1890-1914: Jean Charles-Brun and French Political Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199264889
eISBN:
9780191718380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264889.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The study of Belle Époque regionalism in France has shown how the praxis of the regionalists came to underpin and indeed dominate their thinking. More fundamental still, however, was Jean ... More


Political Catholicism in Europe, 1918–1965

Tom Buchanan and Martin Conway (eds)

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203193
eISBN:
9780191675775
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203193.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In the 20th century, Catholics have been enthusiastic supporters of the dictatorships of Franco and Salazar, victims of Nazism in Germany, and advocates of Christian Democracy in post-war Europe. ... More


Religious Autonomy and the Limited State

in God's Economy: Faith-Based Initiatives and the Caring State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226134833
eISBN:
9780226134857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226134857.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In a public debate dominated by ideological interest groups that thrive on creating fear about religion, the intellectual genealogy of the faith-based initiative was not well understood. Yet because ... More


Social Catholicism and Christian Democracy

Matthew A. Shadle

in Interrupting Capitalism: Catholic Social Thought and the Economy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190660130
eISBN:
9780190660161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190660130.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter looks at the two most important Catholic social movements following the Second World War: social Catholicism and Christian democracy. Dating back to the nineteenth century, social ... More


Introduction

Martin Conway

in The Sorrows of Belgium: Liberation and Political Reconstruction, 1944-1947

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694341
eISBN:
9780191738401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694341.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Why did the manifold political and social crises which Belgium experienced during the period from the German invasion of 1940 to the later 1940s lead to the re-establishment of a version of the ... More


Catholicism in a Newly Communist World: Between Christian Democracy and Catholic Socialism

Piotr H. Kosicki

in Catholics on the Barricades: Poland, France, and "Revolution," 1891-1956

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300225518
eISBN:
9780300231489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300225518.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter tells the story of how the Red Army’s liberation of Poland from German occupation in 1944–1945 circumscribed the postwar choices of Catholic activists. In a nascent Communist Poland, ... More


Personalism at War: Clandestine Intellectual Life and Anti-Nazi Resistance in World War II

Piotr H. Kosicki

in Catholics on the Barricades: Poland, France, and "Revolution," 1891-1956

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300225518
eISBN:
9780300231489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300225518.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter tells the story of France and Poland’s wartime generation, born in the 1910s and 1920s, which drew inspiration during World War II from the young, upstart icon of Catholic “revolution”: ... More


Church and State

Daniel Laqua

in The age of internationalism and Belgium, 1880-1930: Peace, progress and prestige

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719088834
eISBN:
9781781706183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088834.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The culture wars between Catholics and secularists were at once inter- and transnational: international, because they occurred in many different countries, and transnational, because both camps ... More


God's Economy: Faith-Based Initiatives and the Caring State

Lew Daly

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226134833
eISBN:
9780226134857
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226134857.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

President Barack Obama has signaled a sharp break from many policies of George W. Bush's administration, but he remains committed to federal support for religious social service providers. Like ... More


A Convergence in Rome: The 1933 Iberoamerican Congress

Stephen J. C. Andes

in The Vatican and Catholic Activism in Mexico and Chile: The Politics of Transnational Catholicism, 1920-1940

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688487
eISBN:
9780191767661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688487.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Religion, Latin American History

The final chapter describes how Catholic Action’s non-partisan character influenced Catholic university students in Mexico, Chile, and throughout Latin America. It then suggests that young Catholic ... More


Catholic Human Rights in Postwar France

Marco Duranti

in The Conservative Human Rights Revolution: European Identity, Transnational Politics, and the Origins of the European Convention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199811380
eISBN:
9780190638689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199811380.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter investigates the motives for which French Christian democrats in the Popular Republican Movement (MRP) were at the forefront of the campaign for a European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). ... More


The Vatican and Catholic Activism in Mexico and Chile: The Politics of Transnational Catholicism, 1920-1940

Stephen J. C. Andes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688487
eISBN:
9780191767661
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688487.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion, Latin American History

This book examines Vatican policy towards Catholic social and political movements in Mexico and Chile in the 1920s and 1930s. The first book length treatment of the subject to use Vatican archival ... More


Religious and moral values

Andrea Mariuzzo

in Communism and anti-Communism in early Cold War Italy: Language, symbols and myths

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526121875
eISBN:
9781526138712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526121875.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter highlights the extent to which a radical and absolute struggle such as the Cold War opposition of Communists and anti-Communists involves the aspects of religious faith and moral values. ... More


Between East and West: Communism, Anti-Communism, and the Cold War

Rosario Forlenza

in On the Edge of Democracy: Italy, 1943-1948

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198817444
eISBN:
9780191859045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817444.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter deals with the growing influence of both Soviet and domestic Communism on the evolution of democracy and the political transformation of Italy. It inserts the political and existential ... More


The Social Law

in God's Economy: Faith-Based Initiatives and the Caring State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226134833
eISBN:
9780226134857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226134857.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter tries to “reframe” the debate on faith-based social policy in America, arguing that the confessional/philosophical genealogy of the faith-based initiative is becoming more relevant in ... More


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