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“Consensual” Adjustment in Post‐Consociational Democracy

Erik Jones

in Economic Adjustment and Political Transformation in Small States

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208333
eISBN:
9780191708985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208333.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter analyses the adjustment strategies pursued by Wilfried Martens in Belgium (Poupehan) and Ruud Lubbers in the Netherlands (Wassenaar). It shows how they were able to restart price-incomes ... More


Religion and Politics: The Identity of the Christian Democrat Movement and Theory of Democracy

Roberto Papini

in Religion, the Enlightenment, and the New Global Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150071
eISBN:
9780231526623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150071.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter looks into the pluralist-democratic tradition of monism that has emerged in Catholicism. It traces the development of this Christian Democracy by briefly exploring the thought of three ... More


Cold War and the Fear of Subversion

Marc Mulholland

in Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear: From Absolutism to Neo-Conservatism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199653577
eISBN:
9780191744594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653577.003.0013
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Ideas

Post-war Western Europe converged towards an American model of high-wage consumerist capitalism, considerably attenuating class conflict. In Western Europe, Christian democracy and Social Democracy ... More


Political Catholicism in Europe, 1918–1965

Tom Buchanan and Martin Conway (eds)

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203193
eISBN:
9780191675775
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203193.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In the 20th century, Catholics have been enthusiastic supporters of the dictatorships of Franco and Salazar, victims of Nazism in Germany, and advocates of Christian Democracy in post-war Europe. ... More


Religious Autonomy and the Limited State

in God's Economy: Faith-Based Initiatives and the Caring State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226134833
eISBN:
9780226134857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226134857.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In a public debate dominated by ideological interest groups that thrive on creating fear about religion, the intellectual genealogy of the faith-based initiative was not well understood. Yet because ... More


Catholicism in a Newly Communist World: Between Christian Democracy and Catholic Socialism

Piotr H. Kosicki

in Catholics on the Barricades: Poland, France, and "Revolution," 1891-1956

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300225518
eISBN:
9780300231489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300225518.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter tells the story of how the Red Army’s liberation of Poland from German occupation in 1944–1945 circumscribed the postwar choices of Catholic activists. In a nascent Communist Poland, ... More


Personalism at War: Clandestine Intellectual Life and Anti-Nazi Resistance in World War II

Piotr H. Kosicki

in Catholics on the Barricades: Poland, France, and "Revolution," 1891-1956

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300225518
eISBN:
9780300231489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300225518.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter tells the story of France and Poland’s wartime generation, born in the 1910s and 1920s, which drew inspiration during World War II from the young, upstart icon of Catholic “revolution”: ... More


A Convergence in Rome: The 1933 Iberoamerican Congress

Stephen J. C. Andes

in The Vatican and Catholic Activism in Mexico and Chile: The Politics of Transnational Catholicism, 1920-1940

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688487
eISBN:
9780191767661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688487.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Religion, Latin American History

The final chapter describes how Catholic Action’s non-partisan character influenced Catholic university students in Mexico, Chile, and throughout Latin America. It then suggests that young Catholic ... More


The Vatican and Catholic Activism in Mexico and Chile: The Politics of Transnational Catholicism, 1920-1940

Stephen J. C. Andes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688487
eISBN:
9780191767661
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688487.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion, Latin American History

This book examines Vatican policy towards Catholic social and political movements in Mexico and Chile in the 1920s and 1930s. The first book length treatment of the subject to use Vatican archival ... More


The Social Law

in God's Economy: Faith-Based Initiatives and the Caring State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226134833
eISBN:
9780226134857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226134857.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter tries to “reframe” the debate on faith-based social policy in America, arguing that the confessional/philosophical genealogy of the faith-based initiative is becoming more relevant in ... More


Conclusion

Stephen J. C. Andes

in The Vatican and Catholic Activism in Mexico and Chile: The Politics of Transnational Catholicism, 1920-1940

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688487
eISBN:
9780191767661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688487.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Religion, Latin American History

As the Vatican founded an official model of Catholic Action globally during the decade, papal officials seemed to understand that Catholic cultural norms would not change overnight. The inculcation ... More


Liberal Catholicism Reexamined

Peter Steinfels

in Believing Scholars: Ten Catholic Intellectuals

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823225255
eISBN:
9780823236589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823225255.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter examines liberal Catholicism and its role on the life of Peter Steinfels. It argues that liberal Catholicism is, in fact, a controverted and approximate label. Its history overlaps with ... More


Between East and West: Communism, Anti-Communism, and the Cold War

Rosario Forlenza

in On the Edge of Democracy: Italy, 1943-1948

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198817444
eISBN:
9780191859045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817444.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter deals with the growing influence of both Soviet and domestic Communism on the evolution of democracy and the political transformation of Italy. It inserts the political and existential ... More


The Vatican, Chilean Conservatives, and Social Catholics in the 1930s

Stephen J. C. Andes

in The Vatican and Catholic Activism in Mexico and Chile: The Politics of Transnational Catholicism, 1920-1940

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688487
eISBN:
9780191767661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688487.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Religion, Latin American History

In Chile, a younger generation of Catholic activists readily accepted papal policy as justification for their own desire to disconnect Catholic political action from clerical control. The reason was ... More


America is Coming, America is Coming!

Rosario Forlenza

in On the Edge of Democracy: Italy, 1943-1948

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198817444
eISBN:
9780191859045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817444.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter analyzes the importance of “America” (effectively synonymous with “the West”) as an idealized goal of the political, social, and individual imagination, and examines how the American ... More


Structural Vulnerabilities of the Transnational Sphere

Jonathan White

in Politics of Last Resort: Governing by Emergency in the European Union

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198791720
eISBN:
9780191834011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791720.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Since its origins in the 1950s, European integration has entailed the creation of institutions whose rationale is to advance and maintain certain policy ends, notably the ‘four freedoms’ of the ... More


Toward a General Theory of Religiously Friendly Democratization

Michael D. Driessen

in Religion and Democratization: Framing Religious and Political Identities in Muslim and Catholic Societies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199329700
eISBN:
9780199375288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199329700.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter presents the book’s theoretical model for describing the dialectic dynamics created by a religiously friendly democratization process in a country whose religious market is dominated by ... More


Pierre Werner: A Visionary European and Consensus Builder

Elena Danescu

in Architects of the Euro: Intellectuals in the Making of European Monetary Union

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198735915
eISBN:
9780191799860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735915.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Political Economy

As prime minister and finance minister of Luxembourg over 30 years, Pierre Werner played a major role in the building of a united Europe. He gained a strong reputation as a trustworthy ... More


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