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Reflections on Meaning

Paul Horwich

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199251247
eISBN:
9780191603983
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925124X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The broad aim of this work is to explain how mere noises, marks, gestures, and mental/neural symbols are able to capture the world, that is, how words and sentences (in whatever medium) come to mean ... More


Mind Design and Minimal Syntax

Wolfram Hinzen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199289257
eISBN:
9780191706424
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289257.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book introduces generative grammar as an area of study, asking what it tells us about the human mind. It lays the foundation for the unification of modern generative linguistics with the ... More


What's Within?: Nativism Reconsidered

Fiona Cowie

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159783
eISBN:
9780199849529
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159783.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book reconsiders the influential nativist position toward the mind. Nativists assert that some concepts, beliefs, or capacities are innate or inborn: “native” to the mind rather than acquired. ... More


Ignorance of Language

Michael Devitt

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Is Chomsky right about the psychological reality of language? What is linguistics about? What role should linguistic intuitions play in constructing grammars? What is innate about language? Is there ... More


Introduction

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In Chomsky’s view, linguistics is about a psychological state, the speaker’s knowledge of language which constitutes her linguistic competence. This knowledge is said to underlie her linguistic ... More


A Grammar as a Theory of Linguistic Reality

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues against Chomsky’s view that linguistics is a branch of psychology, and hence concerns a psychological reality: the speaker’s linguistic competence. With the help of three quite ... More


Some Actual Positions on Psychological Reality

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter places some historically interesting actual positions among the possible positions on psychological reality, on linguistic competence. There is strong evidence that Chomsky is committed ... More


Folk Psychology

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter considers the argument for the Representational Thesis (RT) from the folk psychological view that a person competent in a language “knows” the language. Despite Chomsky’s objections, it ... More


Thought and the Language Faculty

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that the view that conceptual competence is part of linguistic competence is not undermined by the well-known dissociation of cognitive impairment and linguistic impairment. In ... More


Meaning and its Place in the Language Faculty

Paul Horwich

in Reflections on Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199251247
eISBN:
9780191603983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925124X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter considers the phenomenon of meaning from the perspective of Chomsky’s ‘I-linguistics’ and his empirical postulation of the ‘language faculty’. After a sketch of that model, the question ... More


Innateness and Moral Psychology *

Shaun Nichols

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the recent attempts to use Chomsky-style arguments in support of innate moral knowledge are uniformly unconvincing. The chapter proceeds as follows: Section 1 sets out the ... More


Spell‐Out and the Minimalist Program

Juan Uriagereka

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593521
eISBN:
9780191731402
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593521.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Since Juan Uriagereka originated the multiple spell-out model in 1999 it has been one of the most influential lines of research in syntactic theorizing. The model simplified a crucial element of the ... More


Universal Grammar

Ray Jackendoff

in Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198270126
eISBN:
9780191713255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270126.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Children learn language through exposure to the environment. However, Chomsky's most famous and controversial hypothesis is that the child brings resources to language learning beyond those used for ... More


Semantics as a Mentalistic Enterprise

Ray Jackendoff

in Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198270126
eISBN:
9780191713255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270126.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter begins by couching the questions of semantic theory in mentalistic terms, so that semantics can be compatible with generative grammar. It contrasts this position with a number of other ... More


Against Metaphysical Naturalism

Wolfram Hinzen

in Mind Design and Minimal Syntax

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199289257
eISBN:
9780191706424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289257.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter introduces, defends, and contrasts the meaning of methodological naturalism with the metaphysical naturalism (‘phyicalism’) that characterizes much contemporary philosophical thought, ... More


Parallel Paradigms

Terryl L. Givens

in When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence in Western Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195313901
eISBN:
9780199871933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313901.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Preexistence has survived through poetry, philosophy, and theology. In the contemporary world, the cultural work done by preexistence is now done by surrogates, scientific or quasi-scientific ... More


Music, language, and meaning

John A. Sloboda

in The Musical Mind: The Cognitive Psychology of Music

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521280
eISBN:
9780191706257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521280.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Comparisons between Chomsky and Schenker frame a discussion of the extent to which music and language share similar cognitive processes. Music and language share similar generativity and deep ... More


Introduction: The Grammar of Identity

Stephen Clingman

in The Grammar of Identity: Transnational Fiction and the Nature of the Boundary

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199278497
eISBN:
9780191706981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278497.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

The contemporary world presents us with the reality of globalization and multiplicity, yet we still face powerful appeals to singularity. Beyond vague notions such as hybridity and multiculturalism, ... More


Saussure and his Interpreters

Roy Harris

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748613083
eISBN:
9780748652334
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613083.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book provides a reassessment of the reception of Saussure's ideas. That Saussure's work profoundly influenced developments in such diverse fields as linguistics, anthropology, psychology and ... More


The Creative Aspect of Language Use and Nonbiological Nativism

Mark C. Baker

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on one particular component of the human capacity for language, which Chomsky calls the ‘creative aspect of language use’ (CALU). It argues that the CALU is a distinct module of ... More


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