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The Chinese Merchant Community in The Chinese Merchant Community in Kobe and the Development of the Kobe and the Development of the Japanese Cotton Industry, 1890–1941

Naoto Kagotani

in Japan, China, and the Growth of the Asian International Economy, 1850-1949

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780198292715
eISBN:
9780191602580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292715.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter challenges the traditional analysis of the development of the modern Japanese cotton industry, and argues that a critical role was played by Chinese and other Asian merchants in the ... More


Kobe Seen as Part of the Shanghai Trading Network: The Role of Chinese Merchants in the Re‐export of Cotton Manufactures to Japan 1

Kazuko Furuta

in Japan, China, and the Growth of the Asian International Economy, 1850-1949

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780198292715
eISBN:
9780191602580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292715.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter traces the ways in which British cotton textiles were distributed by Chinese merchants through their East Asian trading network centered in Shanghai. Kobe, a major Japanese port, became ... More


Carson City and Truckee: Anti-Chinese Activities

Sue Fawn Chung

in Chinese in the Woods: Logging and Lumbering in the American West

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039447
eISBN:
9780252097553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039447.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines anti-Chinese activities in two towns: Carson City in Nevada and Truckee in California. Anti-Chinese movements emerged when it became clear to Euro-Americans that the Chinese ... More


The Coming and Early Challenges

Sue Fawn Chung

in In Pursuit of Gold: Chinese American Miners and Merchants in the American West

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036286
eISBN:
9780252093340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036286.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter traces some of the important developments in China and provides a background to the advent of Chinese miners and merchants and the challenges they faced. Economic, social, and political ... More


“Superseding the Six Companies”: The Qing Legation, 1878–1890

Yucheng Qin

in The Diplomacy of Nationalism: The Six Companies and China’s Policy toward Exclusion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832742
eISBN:
9780824871376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832742.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the Chinese Six Companies’ cooperation with the nascent Qing legation as the latter pursued its objectives in the United States during the period 1878–1890. In order to ... More


Onward to Eastern Oregon

Sue Fawn Chung

in In Pursuit of Gold: Chinese American Miners and Merchants in the American West

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036286
eISBN:
9780252093340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036286.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter begins with an overview of Oregon and then focuses upon eastern Oregon, where the Chinese played a major role in mining until the turn of the twentieth century. From the outset the ... More


Business Culture and Chinese Traditions: Toward a Study of the Evolution of Merchant Culture in Chinese History

Ying-shih Yü

Josephine Chiu-Duke and Michael S. Duke (eds)

in Chinese History and Culture: Sixth Century B.C.E. to Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178587
eISBN:
9780231542012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178587.003.0011
Subject:
History, Asian History

This is a study of the evolution of Chinese merchant culture from 221 B.C.E. to 1800 C.E. It demonstrates the importance of merchants and market economy throughout Chinese history, and also that by ... More


Segregation, Exclusion, and the Chinese Communities in Georgia, 1880s-1940

Daniel Bronstein

in Asian Americans in Dixie: Race and Migration in the South

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037832
eISBN:
9780252095955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037832.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter examines the impact of various state apparatuses, including exclusion laws, on the little remarked but fascinating Chinese American merchant communities in Atlanta, Augusta, and ... More


Bound for California: The Emigration of Chinese Women

Elizabeth Sinn

in Pacific Crossing: Californian Gold, Chinese Migration, and the Making of Hong Kong

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9789888139712
eISBN:
9789888180172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139712.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

The emigration of women differed greatly from that of men. Very few Chinese women went to the United States in the 19th century, and among those who did, many had been bought and sold for the highly ... More


Eastward to Northeastern Nevada: Tuscarora

Sue Fawn Chung

in In Pursuit of Gold: Chinese American Miners and Merchants in the American West

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036286
eISBN:
9780252093340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036286.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter provides an overview of the Nevada experience and looks at the large mining town of Tuscarora that the Chinese helped settle at the conclusion of the construction of the first ... More


Farther East: Island Mountain and Gold Creek

Sue Fawn Chung

in In Pursuit of Gold: Chinese American Miners and Merchants in the American West

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036286
eISBN:
9780252093340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036286.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter provides a more in-depth study of a small Nevada mining town called Island Mountain and the Chinese miners, merchants, and other residents. Founded by Emanuel Penrod, the town was ... More


Becoming the Chief Target: The Six Companies in the 1870s

Yucheng Qin

in The Diplomacy of Nationalism: The Six Companies and China’s Policy toward Exclusion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832742
eISBN:
9780824871376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832742.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the accusation that the Chinese Six Companies acted as the chief labor broker for China during the late nineteenth century. Before discussing the claim that the Six Companies ... More


The Hong Kong Opium Revenue, 1845–1885

Christopher Munn

in Opium Regimes: China, Britain, and Japan, 1839-1952

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520220096
eISBN:
9780520924499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220096.003.0029
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter shows how the British quickly abandoned the one flawed attempt by Scotsmen to run an opium farm in Hong Kong and shrewdly gave it to Chinese merchants who could turn a profit. It notes ... More


Conclusion

Sue Fawn Chung

in In Pursuit of Gold: Chinese American Miners and Merchants in the American West

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036286
eISBN:
9780252093340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036286.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This concluding chapter closes the volume with some comparisons with Idaho (as an area where the Chinese mined but were driven out) and other mining communities in the Chinese diaspora both inside ... More


Continuity and Change: The Chinese Huiguan Tradition Crosses the Pacific, 1850s

Yucheng Qin

in The Diplomacy of Nationalism: The Six Companies and China’s Policy toward Exclusion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832742
eISBN:
9780824871376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832742.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines how Chinese immigrants transferred their huiguan tradition to the United States during the 1850s and formed many native-place associations for self-defense and mutual aid. It ... More


Power and Petition

Adam Clulow

in The Company and the Shogun: The Dutch Encounter with Tokugawa Japan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164283
eISBN:
9780231535731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164283.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines a later period of Tokugawa foreign policy, which had been defined by a series of maritime restrictions, the so-called closed country or sakoku edicts. These edicts seemed to ... More


Determining the Law of the Sea: The Long History of the Breukelen Case, 1657–1662

Adam Clulow

in Sea Rovers, Silver, and Samurai: Maritime East Asia in Global History, 1550-1700

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824852764
eISBN:
9780824869021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824852764.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the history of the Breukelen case that lasted from 1657 to 1662. In June 1657, a Dutch East India Company (VOC) ship called the Breukelen attacked and seized a Chinese junk in ... More


Opium Regimes: China, Britain, and Japan, 1839-1952

Timothy Brook, Patrick Carr, and Maria Kefalas (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520220096
eISBN:
9780520924499
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220096.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Opium is more than just a drug extracted from poppies. Over the past two centuries it has been a palliative medicine, an addictive substance, a powerful mechanism for concentrating and transferring ... More


The Qing Opening to the Ocean: Chinese Maritime Policies, 1684-1757

Gang Zhao

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836436
eISBN:
9780824871192
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836436.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Did China drive or resist the early wave of globalization? Some scholars insist that China contributed nothing to the rise of the global economy that began around 1500. Others have placed China at ... More


Enriching the State by Cherishing Private Trade: The Kangxi Emperor and the 1684 Open Trade Policy

Gang Zhao

in The Qing Opening to the Ocean: Chinese Maritime Policies, 1684-1757

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836436
eISBN:
9780824871192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836436.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter describes how the Kangxi emperor arrived at his decision to encourage private overseas trade. In dealing with the issue of overseas trade, Kangxi supported the pursuit of profit and made ... More


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