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New Rules of Engagement

Cynthia Grant Tucker

in No Silent Witness: The Eliot Parsonage Women and Their Unitarian World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390209
eISBN:
9780199866670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390209.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Endowed with her mother's dominant nature and feminist perspective, Martha May Eliot sets her sights on becoming a “social doctor.” Before graduating from Radcliffe, she spends her sophomore year at ... More


Child Protection From 1900 To 1962

John E. B. Myers

in Child Protection in America: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195169355
eISBN:
9780199893348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169355.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

Child protection in the 20th century can be divided into two periods, one before 1962 and one following. This chapter chronicles developments prior to 1962, including the emergence of social work as ... More


Toward a National Minimum: Women Building the Welfare State

Anya Jabour

in Sophonisba Breckinridge: Championing Women's Activism in Modern America

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780252042676
eISBN:
9780252051524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042676.003.0010
Subject:
History, Social History

Chapter 9 traces Breckinridge’s contributions to the nascent welfare state during the Great Depression. Breckinridge and other activist women made it their mission to establish a national minimum for ... More


Science in the Service of Children, 1893-1935

Alice Smuts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300108972
eISBN:
9780300128475
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300108972.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book presents a history of the development of child study during the early part of the twentieth century. Most nineteenth-century scientists deemed children unsuitable subjects for study, and ... More


Rehabilitative Missions

Eileen Boris and Jennifer Klein

in Caring for America: Home Health Workers in the Shadow of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195329117
eISBN:
9780199949496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329117.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter traces the promotion of home care in the two decades after WWII, looking at social welfare non-profits, government, and pioneering hospital provision of home care. It demonstrates how ... More


The Farm, the Federal Government, and the Decline of Placement

Megan Birk

in Fostering on the Farm: Child Placement in the Rural Midwest

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039249
eISBN:
9780252097294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039249.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines how Progressive efforts at studying child welfare and farm life contributed to the decline of farm placements. In particular, it looks at two separate federal efforts that ... More


Neither Nurses nor Maids

Eileen Boris and Jennifer Klein

in Caring for America: Home Health Workers in the Shadow of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195329117
eISBN:
9780199949496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329117.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter locates the origins of home care as a distinct occupation in the visiting housekeeper programs of the New Deal. With private social welfare agencies and public hospitals reeling from the ... More


Kinship by Design: A History of Adoption in the Modern United States

Ellen Herman

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226327594
eISBN:
9780226328072
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226328072.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

What constitutes a family? Tracing the dramatic evolution of Americans' answer to this question over the past century, this book provides the fullest account to date of modern adoption's history. ... More


Fitter Families for Future Firesides: Florence Sherbon and Popular Eugenics

Laura L. Lovett

in Conceiving the Future: Pronatalism, Reproduction, and the Family in the United States, 1890-1938

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807831076
eISBN:
9781469604725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807868102_lovett.9
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter focuses on Florence Sherbon and her eugenics campaign for fitter families. It examines fitter family contests, held at agricultural fairs that combined eugenics with public-health ... More


 The Escorts and the Resistance

Suzanne Vromen

in Hidden Children of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195181289
eISBN:
9780199870752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181289.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The chapter opens with lengthy interviews with two non‐Jewish women members of a resistance organization, the Committee for the Defense of Jews (CDJ). These women picked up Jewish children from their ... More


Orphaned in Oakland:: Institutional Life during the Progressive Era

Marta Gutman

in A City for Children: Women, Architecture, and the Charitable Landscapes of Oakland, 1850-1950

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226311289
eISBN:
9780226156156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226156156.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

During the Progressive Era, new state agencies transformed the charitable landscape in Oakland. College-educated women, Jessica Peixotto at the State Board of Charities and Corrections (1903), and ... More


Making Adoption Governable

in Kinship by Design: A History of Adoption in the Modern United States

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226327594
eISBN:
9780226328072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226328072.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes organizations that were key to the modernization of adoption in the early twentieth century: the U.S. Children's Bureau and the Child Welfare League of America. They envisioned ... More


Saving the Babies

Dána-Ain Davis

in Reproductive Injustice: Racism, Pregnancy, and Premature Birth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781479812271
eISBN:
9781479805662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479812271.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

In the nineteenth century, the United States began to address its embarrassingly high rates of infant and maternal mortality, and later premature birth rates, in earnest. Those efforts have often ... More


Into the Family Life of Strangers: The Origins of Foster Family Care

Catherine E. Rymph

in Raising Government Children: A History of Foster Care and the American Welfare State

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635644
eISBN:
9781469635651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635644.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter surveys the origins of foster care in earlier methods for supporting dependent children dating back to the colonial period, including indenture, orphanages, “placing out” (also known as ... More


1900–1915: “A Damn Yankee Down in Dixie”

Barbara Barksdale Clowse

in A Doctor for Rural America: The Reforms of Frances Sage Bradley

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780813179773
eISBN:
9780813179780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813179773.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Bradley emphasized prevention with patients because curing diseases remained problematic in early twentieth century medicine. The zeitgeist of the Progressive Era boded well for expanding health care ... More


1917–1918: Shadows of War

Barbara Barksdale Clowse

in A Doctor for Rural America: The Reforms of Frances Sage Bradley

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780813179773
eISBN:
9780813179780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813179773.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Working in four other southern states (Virginia, South Carolina, Georgia, and Mississippi), Bradley chafed under scheduling and logistical pressures. World War I brought new opportunities for her ... More


The Road to Armageddon

John W. Compton

in The End of Empathy: Why White Protestants Stopped Loving Their Neighbors

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190069186
eISBN:
9780190069216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190069186.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the social and theological underpinnings of the large Protestant membership groups that helped build support for major Progressive Era reforms, including child labor ... More


1921–1922: Denouement

Barbara Barksdale Clowse

in A Doctor for Rural America: The Reforms of Frances Sage Bradley

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780813179773
eISBN:
9780813179780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813179773.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Field assignments in Arkansas and Tennessee, both poor and backward states, damaged Bradley’s mobile clinic and challenged her spirits. After enactment of the Sheppard-Towner law, she pleaded for an ... More


Raising Government Children: A History of Foster Care and the American Welfare State

Catherine E. Rymph

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635644
eISBN:
9781469635651
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635644.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the 1930s, buoyed by the potential of the New Deal, child welfare reformers hoped to formalize and modernize their methods, partly through professional casework but more importantly through the ... More


A Doctor for Rural America: The Reforms of Frances Sage Bradley

Barbara Barksdale Clowse

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780813179773
eISBN:
9780813179780
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813179773.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Frances Sage Bradley (1862-1949) was one of the first female graduates of Cornell University Medical College (1899). She spent the next half century advancing the causes of public health and medical ... More


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