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Unencumbered Individuals and Embedded Selves: Reasons to Resist Dichotomous Thinking in Family Law

Mary Lyndon Shanley

in Debating Democracy's Discontent: Essays on American Politics, Law, and Public Philosophy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294962
eISBN:
9780191598708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294964.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

US law concerning families has not tipped as unequivocally in the direction of unbridled individualism as Sandel believes, and, in any event, individualism and moral values are not diametrically ... More


Child Protection From 1962 to the Present

John E. B. Myers

in Child Protection in America: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195169355
eISBN:
9780199893348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169355.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

This chapter describes the formation of the modern child protection system. The most critical date in the process was 1962, when pediatrician Henry Kempe and his colleagues published their seminal ... More


Tilling the Soil: The Groundwork for Parent Activism

David Tobis

in From Pariahs to Partners: How parents and their allies changed New York City's child welfare system

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195099881
eISBN:
9780199344772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195099881.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Chapter 3 describes the three most important organizations that created an environment in which parents could play a meaningful role in their own cases and could have a voice in shaping child welfare ... More


The Road Not Taken: Social Welfare Approaches to Child Abuse

Mical Raz

in Abusive Policies: How the American Child Welfare System Lost Its Way

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781469661216
eISBN:
9781469661230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469661216.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 2 focuses on the work of child welfare researchers who emphasized the roles of socioeconomic and racial disparities as important risk factors for child abuse. It recreates a historical moment ... More


From Child Welfare to Child Removal

Mical Raz

in Abusive Policies: How the American Child Welfare System Lost Its Way

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781469661216
eISBN:
9781469661230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469661216.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter Four focuses on the removal of children from their homes and placement in substitute care such as foster homes and institutions, which increased notably in the mid 1970s. Furthermore, the ... More


In the best interest of the child? Contradictions and tensions in social work

Reidun Follesø and Kate Mevik

in Social work and child welfare politics: Through Nordic lenses

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424068
eISBN:
9781447303534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424068.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter critically explores three recent trends within the Norwegian Child Welfare Services: the movement towards knowledge-based services; the focus on family in the services; and the ... More


Parents Find Their Voice: The Child Welfare Organizing Project

David Tobis

in From Pariahs to Partners: How parents and their allies changed New York City's child welfare system

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195099881
eISBN:
9780199344772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195099881.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Chapter 4 describes how parents and their allies took advantage of the opportunity to change child welfare policies and practices. The chapter profiles a new organization, the Child Welfare ... More


Making of Tomorrow's Adult

Vijayalakshmi Balakrishnan

in Growing Up and Away: Narratives of Indian Childhoods Memory, History, Identity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198071266
eISBN:
9780199080779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198071266.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter analyzes how the perception of children as tomorrow's citizens influenced the relationships of the child with the State, and also with the community of social workers. The idea of the ... More


Decision-Making and Judgment in Child Welfare and Protection: Theory, Research, and Practice

John D. Fluke, Mónica López López, Rami Benbenishty, Erik J. Knorth, and Donald J. Baumann (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190059538
eISBN:
9780190059569
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190059538.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Professionals working in child welfare and child protection are making decisions with crucial implications for children and families on a daily basis. The types of judgements and decisions they make ... More


Kinship by Design: A History of Adoption in the Modern United States

Ellen Herman

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226327594
eISBN:
9780226328072
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226328072.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

What constitutes a family? Tracing the dramatic evolution of Americans' answer to this question over the past century, this book provides the fullest account to date of modern adoption's history. ... More


Family in Trouble

Geoffrey G. Field

in Blood, Sweat, and Toil: Remaking the British Working Class, 1939-1945

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199604111
eISBN:
9780191731686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604111.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

Wartime publicity frequently described Britain as a family and later images of the Blitz also stress the courage and endurance of families as a key institution that enabled the nation to surmount the ... More


Child welfare removals by the state—complex and controversial decisions

Kenneth Burns, Tarja Pösö, and Marit Skivenes

in Child Welfare Removals by the State: A Cross-Country Analysis of Decision-Making Systems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190459567
eISBN:
9780190459581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190459567.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

The introduction provides a general framework for the book and sets the focus for it. It aims to undertake a comprehensive examination of the formats, range of participants, powers, thresholds for ... More


The cruelty man: Child welfare, the NSPCC and the State in Ireland, 1889-1956

Sarah-Anne Buckley

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719087660
eISBN:
9781781706275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087660.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The Cruelty Man represents the first comprehensive account of the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) in Ireland, from its foundations in 1889, to the passing of ... More


Helping America’s Orphans of War

Catherine E. Rymph

in Raising Government Children: A History of Foster Care and the American Welfare State

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635644
eISBN:
9781469635651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635644.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the impact of World War II, which increased the need for foster care, decreased the supply of foster parents, and exacerbated tensions over women’s roles as workers, mothers, ... More


Abusive Policies: How the American Child Welfare System Lost Its Way

Mical Raz

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781469661216
eISBN:
9781469661230
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469661216.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the early 1970s, a new wave of public service announcements urged parents to “help end an American tradition” of child abuse. The message, relayed repeatedly over television and radio, urged ... More


Policing Relief

in Miss Cutler & the Case of the Resurrected Horse: Social Work and the Story of Poverty in America, Australia, and Britain

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226653631
eISBN:
9780226653662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226653662.003.0025
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter discusses the social work of relief agencies in Oregon which included the Public Welfare Bureau, the Associated Charities, and the Child Welfare Commission (CWC). The stories of Oregon ... More


Making Adoption Governable

in Kinship by Design: A History of Adoption in the Modern United States

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226327594
eISBN:
9780226328072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226328072.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes organizations that were key to the modernization of adoption in the early twentieth century: the U.S. Children's Bureau and the Child Welfare League of America. They envisioned ... More


Race and Power in Transracial and Transnational Adoption: Historical Legacies, Current Issues, and Future Challenges

JaeRan Kim

in The Complexities of Race: Identity, Power, and Justice in an Evolving America

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781479801404
eISBN:
9781479801435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479801404.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores how power and privilege based on race, gender, economics, and disability shape the narrative of what is in the “best interest of the child” in the intimate sphere of family ... More


Into the Family Life of Strangers: The Origins of Foster Family Care

Catherine E. Rymph

in Raising Government Children: A History of Foster Care and the American Welfare State

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635644
eISBN:
9781469635651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635644.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter surveys the origins of foster care in earlier methods for supporting dependent children dating back to the colonial period, including indenture, orphanages, “placing out” (also known as ... More


Immigrant Parents’ Perceptions of the “Best Interests of the Child”

Qingwen Xu

in Psychology, Law, and the Wellbeing of Children

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199934218
eISBN:
9780199356874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934218.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Professionals are mandated to follow the “best interests of the child” principle while working with children and their families. However, the meaning of the best interests of the child in the context ... More


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