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Turning Tides: Countermovement Organizing, “False Memory Syndrome,” and the Struggle over Scientific Knowledge

Nancy Whittier

in The Politics of Child Sexual Abuse: Emotions, Social Movements, and the State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325102
eISBN:
9780199869350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325102.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter looks at countermovement organizing, focusing on the False Memory Syndrome Foundation (FMSF). It highlights the struggles over the social construction of knowledge that came with the ... More


Child Protection From 1962 to the Present

John E. B. Myers

in Child Protection in America: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195169355
eISBN:
9780199893348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169355.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

This chapter describes the formation of the modern child protection system. The most critical date in the process was 1962, when pediatrician Henry Kempe and his colleagues published their seminal ... More


The Road Not Taken: Social Welfare Approaches to Child Abuse

Mical Raz

in Abusive Policies: How the American Child Welfare System Lost Its Way

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781469661216
eISBN:
9781469661230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469661216.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 2 focuses on the work of child welfare researchers who emphasized the roles of socioeconomic and racial disparities as important risk factors for child abuse. It recreates a historical moment ... More


Too Much Reporting, Too Little Service

Mical Raz

in Abusive Policies: How the American Child Welfare System Lost Its Way

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781469661216
eISBN:
9781469661230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469661216.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the widespread acceptance of mandatory reporting as a powerful tool in combating child abuse. It follows the implementation of CAPTA (1973) throughout the country, and the ... More


Parents Anonymous and the Whitewashing of Child Abuse

Mical Raz

in Abusive Policies: How the American Child Welfare System Lost Its Way

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781469661216
eISBN:
9781469661230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469661216.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter One examines the role of the advocacy group Parents Anonymous in defining, broadening and disseminating perceptions of child abuse. This group was highly influential and played a pivotal role ... More


Beyond Politics: Child Sexual Abuse and Narrow Neutrality

Nancy Whittier

in Frenemies: Feminists, Conservatives, and Sexual Violence

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190235994
eISBN:
9780190236038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190235994.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Gender and Sexuality

Chapter 3 shows how ideologically diverse activists and legislators converged around a narrow, single-issue opposition to child sexual abuse and defined it as a politically neutral issue. The chapter ... More


Introduction

Mical Raz

in Abusive Policies: How the American Child Welfare System Lost Its Way

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781469661216
eISBN:
9781469661230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469661216.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter introduces definitions of child maltreatment and the prevalence of child abuse investigations. The introduction also maps the early history of both public and medical interest in the ... More


The Legacy of the Witch-Hunt Narrative

Ross E. Cheit

in The Witch-Hunt Narrative: Politics, Psychology, and the Sexual Abuse of Children

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199931224
eISBN:
9780199355853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931224.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The final chapter examines recent developments, addressing three questions: What is the significance of well-known sex abuse scandals involving the Catholic Church and Pennsylvania State University? ... More


New Critical Essays on Toni Morrison's God Help the Child: Race, Culture, and History

Alice Knox Eaton, Maxine Lavon Montgomery, and Shirley A. Stave (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781496828873
eISBN:
9781496828927
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496828873.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

American Nobel Laureate Toni Morrison’s 11th novel, God Help the Child, released in 2015, set in contemporary times, explores the relationship between a financially successful, beautiful young Black ... More


Abusive Policies: How the American Child Welfare System Lost Its Way

Mical Raz

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781469661216
eISBN:
9781469661230
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469661216.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the early 1970s, a new wave of public service announcements urged parents to “help end an American tradition” of child abuse. The message, relayed repeatedly over television and radio, urged ... More


‘This Pernicious Delusion’: Law, Medicine and Child Sexual Abuse1

Roger Davidson

in Illicit and Unnatural Practices: The Law, Sex and Society in Scotland since 1900

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781474441193
eISBN:
9781474459877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441193.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

Chapter 3 examines child sexual abuse in early twentieth-century Scotland and the competing discourses surrounding its prosecution. At the heart of the study is a set of High Court cases of sexual ... More


Child abuse in the United States

Margaret Spinelli

in Perinatal Psychiatry: The legacy of Channi Kumar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199676859
eISBN:
9780191918346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199676859.003.0030
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Child abuse is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and other countries. It is the second leading cause of death among children in the US. All 50 States, the District of ... More


Children and marital violence, 1922–65

Cara Diver

in Marital Violence in Post-Independence Ireland, 1922-96: 'A Living Tomb for Women'

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781526120113
eISBN:
9781526146670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7765/9781526120120.00009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter analyses the role that children played in marital violence. A large proportion of women who took their husbands to court for marital violence also complained that their husbands had ... More


The cruelty man: Child welfare, the NSPCC and the State in Ireland, 1889-1956

Sarah-Anne Buckley

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719087660
eISBN:
9781781706275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087660.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The Cruelty Man represents the first comprehensive account of the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) in Ireland, from its foundations in 1889, to the passing of ... More


Adultery, Sex Offenses, and the Criminal Evidence Act of 1898

Wendie Ellen Schneider

in Engines of Truth: Producing Veracity in the Victorian Courtroom

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300125665
eISBN:
9780300216554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300125665.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Nearly fifty years passed between the reform allowing parties to testify in civil cases and the Criminal Evidence Act of 1898 that allowed defendants to testify in criminal cases. This delay was a ... More


Abuse Victimization, Trauma, and the Differential Etiology of Violence

Kevin H. Wozniak

in Thugs and Thieves: The Differential Etiology of Violence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195393583
eISBN:
9780190603946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393583.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Many authors see child abuse as a very important cause of violent behavior. In this chapter we examined published evidence on the association between physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse and trauma ... More


Conclusion

Mical Raz

in Abusive Policies: How the American Child Welfare System Lost Its Way

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781469661216
eISBN:
9781469661230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469661216.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The book ends by questioning the legacy of child welfare policies since the late 1960s. A deliberate attempt to avoid implicating socioeconomic status and race in child abuse led to the creation of ... More


The Politics of Children's Services Reform: Re-examining Two Decades of Policy Change

Carl Purcell

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781447348764
eISBN:
9781447348818
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447348764.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Comparative research has identified two broad types of child welfare system. In child protection systems the principal remit of welfare agencies is to identify and respond to actual or potential ... More


Introduction

Alice Knox Eaton, Maxine Lavon Montgomery, Shirley A. Stave, Alice Knox Eaton, Maxine Lavon Montgomery, and Shirley A. Stave (eds)

in New Critical Essays on Toni Morrison’s God Help the Child: Race, Culture, and History

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781496828873
eISBN:
9781496828927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496828873.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

In her eleventh novel, God Help the Child, Toni Morrison returns to several of the signature themes explored in her previous work: pernicious beauty standards for women, particularly African American ... More


Battering Court Syndrome: A Structural Critique of “Failure to Protect”

Alisa Bierria and Colby Lenz

in The Politicization of Safety: Critical Perspectives on Domestic Violence Responses

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781479805648
eISBN:
9781479888733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479805648.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Family Law

The integral relationship between carceral violence and gender violence has led to the criminalization of thousands of survivors. The criminal prosecution of domestic violence survivors for being ... More


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