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How did we get to where we are now?1

Malcolm Torry

in Why we need a Citizen's Basic Income

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447343158
eISBN:
9781447343202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447343158.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter discusses the past and current state of the debate on the Citizen's Basic Income. It begins with the Poor Law of 1601 to the era of means-tested benefits. In particular, it cites William ... More


How Did We Get to Where We Are Now?27

Malcolm Torry

in Money for everyone: Why we need a citizen's income

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447311249
eISBN:
9781447311287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447311249.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter tells the history of the UK's benefits system from the Elizabethan Poor Law, through the Beveridge Report of 1942, to ‘Universal Credit’. Means-testing is a common thread throughout, and ... More


Why Do Some Reform Proposals Succeed, and Some Fail?

Malcolm Torry

in Money for everyone: Why we need a citizen's income

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447311249
eISBN:
9781447311287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447311249.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Family Allowance and Child Benefit were implemented, but other proposals have not been. Failed attempts at reform include genuine tax credits proposals during the early 1970s, Juliet Rhys Williams’ ... More


Imagine …

Malcolm Torry

in Why we need a Citizen's Basic Income

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447343158
eISBN:
9781447343202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447343158.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter asks the reader to imagine some representative people trying to cope with the UK's tax and benefits system, and then to imagine themselves creating a tax and benefits system in a country ... More


Administrative efficiency

Malcolm Torry

in Why we need a Citizen's Basic Income

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447343158
eISBN:
9781447343202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447343158.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter discusses the ways in which a Citizen's Basic Income would translate into a benefits system that is coherent, simple to administer, and avoids error and fraud compared to means-tested ... More


Canada: Taking Children Off Welfare

Joshua T. McCabe

in The Fiscalization of Social Policy: How Taxpayers Trumped Children in the Fight Against Child Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190841300
eISBN:
9780190841331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190841300.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Population and Demography

Chapter 4 examines how Canadian policymakers’ renewed promise to tackle child poverty translated into the Child Tax Benefit, the nonrefundable Child Tax Credit, and the Working Income Tax Benefit. ... More


Options for implementation

Malcolm Torry

in Why we need a Citizen's Basic Income

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447343158
eISBN:
9781447343202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447343158.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter considers four different methods for implementing a Citizen's Basic Income. The first is ‘all in one go’, which abolishes means-tested benefits. The second is ‘all in one go’, but ... More


‘The Pragmatist’s Solution to Poverty’: The Heath Government’s Tax Credit Scheme, 1970–1974

Peter Sloman

in Transfer State: The Idea of a Guaranteed Income and the Politics of Redistribution in Modern Britain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198813262
eISBN:
9780191851254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813262.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The ‘rediscovery of poverty’ prompted a wide-ranging debate over how the British government could best support low-income families. One radical response came from Edward Heath’s Conservative ... More


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