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Chiang Kai-shek and Jawaharlal Nehru

Yang Tianshi

in Negotiating China's Destiny in World War II

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780804789660
eISBN:
9780804793117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789660.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

During WWII, Chiang Kai-shek and Nehru visited each other while India and China began to think through what a post-imperialist Asia might look like. While the strengthening Indian independence ... More


Mayling Soong

Karen J. Leong

in The China Mystique: Pearl S. Buck, Anna May Wong, Mayling Soong, and the Transformation of American Orientalism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520244221
eISBN:
9780520938632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520244221.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Mayling Soong was known to most Americans as Madame Chiang Kai-shek, who symbolized the changing relations between the United States and China during the late 1930s through the 1940s. Soong was a ... More


Touben

Frederic Wakeman

in Spymaster: Dai Li and the Chinese Secret Service

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234079
eISBN:
9780520928763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234079.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter traces Dai Li's entry into the ranks of the Guomindang revolutionaries. There are three versions of Dai Li's entry into Whampoa Military Academy, including getting a letter of ... More


“A Pressing Problem of Interracial Justice”: Repealing Chinese Exclusion, 1937–1943

Madeline Y. Hsu

in The Good Immigrants: How the Yellow Peril Became the Model Minority

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164021
eISBN:
9781400866373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164021.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter describes how international war compelled repeal of the Chinese exclusion laws, which were seen as unacceptable insults to a wartime ally. As the first liberalization of immigration law ... More


Chiang Kai-Shek and Joseph Stalin during World War II

Li Yuzhen

in Negotiating China's Destiny in World War II

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780804789660
eISBN:
9780804793117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789660.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

Using official sources, rather than memoirs or diaries, Li Yuzhen reconstructs attempts by Chiang Kaishek to secure the direct participation of Soviet forces in China. Chiang appealed to Stalin to ... More


The Blue Shirts’ “Fascism”

Frederic Wakeman

in Spymaster: Dai Li and the Chinese Secret Service

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234079
eISBN:
9780520928763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234079.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the fascist principle of the Blue Shirts Society (BSS) in China. It explains that despite the denial of the Goumindang about the existence of BSS, several police reports ... More


To the Chinese Heart of the Matter

Stephen G. Craft

in American Justice In Taiwan: The 1957 Riots and Cold War Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166353
eISBN:
9780813166629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166353.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 11 recounts how Chinese government officials managed the increasingly hostile relationship with the United States following the events of Black Friday. While Chiang Kai-shek blamed military ... More


The Plight of Chiang Kai-shek’s Taiwan

Paul A. Cohen

in Speaking to History: The Story of King Goujian in Twentieth-Century China

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255791
eISBN:
9780520942394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255791.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

For the Communists, successive victories in the Sino-Japanese War and the ensuing civil war (1945–1949) created a fundamentally new historical situation in which the major humiliation of foreign ... More


Accusations

Stephen G. Craft

in American Justice In Taiwan: The 1957 Riots and Cold War Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166353
eISBN:
9780813166629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166353.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 10 describes the American response to the events of Black Friday, which was a violation of international law and could have been considered grounds for breaking diplomatic relations. In the ... More


The Founding of the Lixingshe

Frederic Wakeman

in Spymaster: Dai Li and the Chinese Secret Service

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234079
eISBN:
9780520928763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234079.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter traces the history of the founding of the Lixingshe. It explains that it was during February and March 1932 that Lixingshe was transformed from a plan on paper into a top-secret ... More


The Lixingshe and the Blue Shirts

Frederic Wakeman

in Spymaster: Dai Li and the Chinese Secret Service

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234079
eISBN:
9780520928763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234079.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on the perceived link between Lixingshe and the Blue Shirts. It explains that the Chinese people saw the members of Lixingshe as Blue Shirts or terrorists. It discusses the ... More


“Vigorous Practice”: The Chiang Freemasonry

Frederic Wakeman

in Spymaster: Dai Li and the Chinese Secret Service

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234079
eISBN:
9780520928763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234079.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on the history of the Society for Vigorous Practice or Lixingshe in China. This organization was so secret that hardly any outsider knew of its existence between 1932 and 1937. ... More


Back to the Strait

Nancy Bernkopf Tucker

in The China Threat: Memories, Myths, and Realities in the 1950s

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159241
eISBN:
9780231528191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159241.003.0010
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter examines how the end of the 1958 Taiwan Strait crisis which affected China and the United States. For Dwight D. Eisenhower and Mao Zedong, the 1958 Strait confrontation—which arose when ... More


Juntong in Wartime Chongqing

Frederic Wakeman

in Spymaster: Dai Li and the Chinese Secret Service

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234079
eISBN:
9780520928763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234079.003.0024
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the situation of the Juntong in Chongqing, China during the war. It suggests that during this time, Chiang Kai-shek's regime was reduced to almost total reliance on his secret ... More


The League of Ten

Frederic Wakeman

in Spymaster: Dai Li and the Chinese Secret Service

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234079
eISBN:
9780520928763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234079.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines Dai Li's rise in the intelligence services of the National Revolutionary Army of China. After serving under the command of Hu Zongnan, Dai Li was later appointed to become head ... More


Ideological Rivalries: The Blue Shirts and the “CC” Clique

Frederic Wakeman

in Spymaster: Dai Li and the Chinese Secret Service

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234079
eISBN:
9780520928763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234079.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines ideological rivalries between the Blue Shirts Society and Chiang Kai-shek's CC clique. It explains that by competing with the CC clique for control over the new instruments of ... More


Victorious Insurgencies: Four Rebellions that Shaped Our World

Anthony James Joes

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813126142
eISBN:
9780813135588
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813126142.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Insurgencies, especially in the form of guerrilla warfare, continue to erupt across many parts of the globe. Most of these rebellions fail, but this book analyzes four twentieth-century conflicts in ... More


The Construction of the Soldier Ideal by Educated Youths

Yan Xu

in The Soldier Image and State-Building in Modern China, 1924-1945

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813176741
eISBN:
9780813176772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176741.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

The fifth chapter studies an often-forgotten depiction of soldiers during the Second Sino-Japanese War: the student soldiers. This chapter first discusses the Campaign to Mobilize Educated Youths to ... More


Islands against the Red Tide

Stephen G. Craft

in American Justice In Taiwan: The 1957 Riots and Cold War Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166353
eISBN:
9780813166629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166353.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter details the history and nature of the alliance between the United States and the ROC in order to provide background information about what the political situation was like between the ... More


The Shanghai Station, 1932–35

Frederic Wakeman

in Spymaster: Dai Li and the Chinese Secret Service

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234079
eISBN:
9780520928763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234079.003.0011
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on the history of Chiang Kai-shek's Shanghai Station during the period from 1932 to 1935. It explains that Shanghai was always Dai Li's primary arena of secret service activity ... More


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