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## CHERN–SIMONS THEORY AND KNOT INVARIANTS

*Marcos Mariño*

### in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198568490
- eISBN:
- 9780191717604
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0002
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter presents various aspects of Chern-Simons theory. In a groundbreaking paper, Witten (1989) showed that Chern-Simons gauge theory, which is a quantum field theory in three dimensions, ... More

## STRING THEORY AND GAUGE THEORY

*Marcos Mariño*

### in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198568490
- eISBN:
- 9780191717604
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0006
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the relationship between gauge theories and topological strings. A precise correspondence between string theory and gauge theory was formulated by 't Hooft (1974), who used as a ... More

## Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

*Marcos Mariño*

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198568490
- eISBN:
- 9780191717604
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

In recent years, the old idea that gauge theories and string theories are equivalent has been implemented and developed in various ways, and there are by now various models where the string ... More

## STRING FIELD THEORY AND GAUGE THEORIES

*Marcos Mariño*

### in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198568490
- eISBN:
- 9780191717604
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0007
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter shows that both Chern-Simons gauge theories and matrix models with polynomial potentials can be realized as open string theories. To show that Chern-Simons theory and matrix models with ... More

## APPLICATIONS OF THE TOPOLOGICAL STRING/GAUGE THEORY CORRESPONDENCE

*Marcos Mariño*

### in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198568490
- eISBN:
- 9780191717604
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0010
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter considers two applications of the topological string/gauge theory correspondence. The first application is to Chern-Simons knot and link invariants, and the second application is to ... More

## Theory of Quantum Hall States

*Xiao-Gang Wen*

### in Quantum Field Theory of Many-Body Systems: From the Origin of Sound to an Origin of Light and Electrons

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199227259
- eISBN:
- 9780191713019
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227259.003.07
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Electrons on the interface of two semiconductors can form a new state of matter — fractional quantum Hall (FQH) state — under strong magnetic fields. FQH states cannot be described by Landau symmetry ... More

## An introduction to topological phases of electrons

*Joel E. Moore*

### in Topological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 103, August 2014

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- March 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780198785781
- eISBN:
- 9780191827600
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785781.003.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

These lecture notes seek to present a coherent picture of some key aspects of topological insulators and the quantum Hall effect. Rather than aiming for completeness or historical accuracy, the goal ... More

## THE TOPOLOGICAL VERTEX

*Marcos Mariño*

### in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198568490
- eISBN:
- 9780191717604
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0009
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter explains the cut-and-paste approach to toric Calabi-Yau manifolds developed previously with the large-N duality relating Chern-Simons theory and topological strings, to find a building ... More

## Topological field theory

*Tom Lancaster and Stephen J. Blundell*

### in Quantum Field Theory for the Gifted Amateur

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- June 2014
- ISBN:
- 9780199699322
- eISBN:
- 9780191779435
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699322.003.0031
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Topological field theories are discussed and this chapter provides some concrete examples of applications of these ideas by discussing anyons, fractional statistics and Chern–Simons theories.

## Two Lectures on the Jones Polynomial and Khovanov Homology

*Edward Witten*

### in Lectures on Geometry

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- May 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780198784913
- eISBN:
- 9780191827150
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198784913.003.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

In the first of these two lectures I describe a gauge theory approach to understanding quantum knot invariants as Laurent polynomials in a complex variable q. The two main steps are to reinterpret ... More

## The fractional quantum Hall fluid

*Tom Lancaster and Stephen J. Blundell*

### in Quantum Field Theory for the Gifted Amateur

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- June 2014
- ISBN:
- 9780199699322
- eISBN:
- 9780191779435
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699322.003.0046
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The fractional quantum Hall effect is introduced in this chapter and it explains how quasiparticles carrying fractional charge emerge in this theory.

## Topological and Quantum order—beyond Landau’s Theories

*Xiao-Gang Wen*

### in Quantum Field Theory of Many-Body Systems: From the Origin of Sound to an Origin of Light and Electrons

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199227259
- eISBN:
- 9780191713019
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227259.003.08
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

According to the principle of emergence, the properties of material are mainly determined by how the atoms are organized in the material. Such organization is formally called order. The vast range of ... More

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