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Chemical Potential Under Nonhydrostatic Stress

Brian Bayly

in Chemical Change in Deforming Materials

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195067644
eISBN:
9780197560211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195067644.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

The purpose of this chapter is to continue the unification that was begun in Chapter 8. There, first and second derivatives of normal stress with respect to orientation were used; we now examine ... More


Introducing chemical potential

Andrew M. Steane

in Thermodynamics: A complete undergraduate course

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198788560
eISBN:
9780191830426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788560.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chemical potential is defined, and its physical meaning explored. Examples in solids and gases are given. An illustrative calculation for an ideal gas presents the isothermal atmosphere. The Saha ... More


Small deformation theory of species diffusion coupled to elasticity

Lallit Anand and Sanjay Govindjee

in Continuum Mechanics of Solids

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198864721
eISBN:
9780191896767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864721.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents a coupled theory for transport of a single atomic (or molecular) chemical species through a solid that deforms elastically. Consideration is limited to isothermal conditions and ... More


When is a material stable?

Adrian P Sutton

in Concepts of Materials Science

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780192846839
eISBN:
9780191938764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192846839.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter is an introduction to classical thermodynamics that does not assume any knowledge of the subject. The significance of thermodynamic equilibrium in materials is discussed keeping in mind ... More


Interactions and Implications

Daniel V. Schroeder

in An Introduction to Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780192895547
eISBN:
9780191915000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895547.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Although the law of entropy increase governs the direction in which things change, we don’t observe entropy directly. Instead we observe three quantities—temperature, pressure, and chemical ... More


The chemical potential for a semiconductor

Geoffrey Brooker

in Essays in Physics: Thirty-two thoughtful essays on topics in undergraduate-level physics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198857242
eISBN:
9780191890284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198857242.003.0026
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

“The chemical potential for a semiconductor” deals with the way in which the chemical potential (Fermi level) of a semiconductor is affected: by the densities of states in the bands; by temperature; ... More


Diffusion and ionic conductivity

Robert E. Newnham

in Properties of Materials: Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198520757
eISBN:
9780191916601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198520757.003.0021
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

The phenomenon of atomic and ionic migration in crystals is called solidstate diffusion, and its study has shed light on many problems of technological and scientific importance. Diffusion is ... More


The State of Matter Near the Interface

Eric B. Kraus and Joost A. Businger

in Atmosphere-Ocean Interaction

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195066180
eISBN:
9780197560204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195066180.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

A thermodynamic phase specifies a substance or mixture of substances that occupies a limited volume with a characteristic temperature, T, a definite pressure, p, at its boundary, and a composition ... More


Case Study Of Dynamic Simulation

Vasily Bulatov and Wei Cai

in Computer Simulations of Dislocations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198526148
eISBN:
9780191916618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198526148.003.0008
Subject:
Computer Science, Software Engineering

The preceding chapter focused on the dislocation core structure at zero temperature obtained by energy minimization. In this chapter we will discuss a case study of dislocation motion at finite ... More


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