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“Nature Is the Great Experimenter”

Thomas A. Apel

in Feverish Bodies, Enlightened Minds: Science and the Yellow Fever Controversy in the Early American Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804797405
eISBN:
9780804799638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804797405.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Chapter Three examines the investigators’ uses of the new chemistry of Antoine Laurent Lavoisier. Lavoisier’s “chemical revolution” produced a Kuhnian paradigm shift that fundamentally altered ... More


The Operational Definition of the Elements: A Philosophical Reappraisal

Joachim Schummer

in What Is A Chemical Element?: A Collection of Essays by Chemists, Philosophers, Historians, and Educators

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190933784
eISBN:
9780197508442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933784.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The paper reappraises the operational definition of elements, adopted in the late eighteenth century, by investigating both epistemic discontinuities and continuities within the broader ... More


Alchemy Tried in the Fire: Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chymistry

William R. Newman and Lawrence M. Principe

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226577111
eISBN:
9780226577050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226577050.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

What actually took place in the private laboratory of a mid-seventeenth-century alchemist? How did he direct his quest after the secrets of Nature? What instruments and theoretical principles did he ... More


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