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Making Empire

Patrick Griffin

in The Townshend Moment: The Making of Empire and Revolution in the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300218978
eISBN:
9780300231144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300218978.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on the family background, childhood, education, and careers of George and Charles Townshend and their role in the making of the British empire. George Townshend was born on ... More


Charles Townshend’s America

Patrick Griffin

in The Townshend Moment: The Making of Empire and Revolution in the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300218978
eISBN:
9780300231144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300218978.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines Charles Townshend's plan for America during his tenure as Britain's Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1767. It begins with a discussion of how Charles and George Townshend's moment ... More


Making Revolution

Patrick Griffin

in The Townshend Moment: The Making of Empire and Revolution in the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300218978
eISBN:
9780300231144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300218978.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the role played by Charles and George Townshend in the transition of British colonies from patriotic resistance toward a desire for independence. In 1777, an anonymously written ... More


The Chatham ministry I. The year of Charles Townshend (1766–1767): India and America

Peter D. G. Thomas

in George III: King and Politicians 1760-1770

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719064289
eISBN:
9781781700310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719064289.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter focuses on the regime of William Pitt as British prime minister, who was designated by George III as the First Earl of Chatham. Pitt was disposed to retain those office-holders who ... More


Britain and the Revolutionary Crisis, 1763–1791

Stephen Conway

in The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume II: The Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205630
eISBN:
9780191676710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205630.003.0015
Subject:
History, World Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

In 1763, the British Empire in North America had emerged from a triumphant war with spectacular new gains. The uniting of the colonies against the Coercive Acts moved the crisis into a new and ... More


Britain’s Imperial Reckonings

Patrick Griffin

in The Townshend Moment: The Making of Empire and Revolution in the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300218978
eISBN:
9780300231144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300218978.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines how George and Charles Townshend addressed the crisis of sovereignty that arose in the British empire following its victory over France in the Seven Years' War. It first ... More


Education (1746–66)

Brian Bonnyman

in The Third Duke of Buccleuch and Adam Smith: Estate Management and Improvement in Enlightenment Scotland

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780748642007
eISBN:
9781474405980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748642007.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

This chapter charts the Duke of Buccleuch’s early life and education, firstly at private boarding school and then Eton College, before focusing on his Grand Tour of Europe (1764-66) under the ... More


Inheritance (1750–66)

Brian Bonnyman

in The Third Duke of Buccleuch and Adam Smith: Estate Management and Improvement in Enlightenment Scotland

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780748642007
eISBN:
9781474405980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748642007.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

After outlining the history of the Buccleuch estates and the background to the Duke’s inheritance, this chapter focuses on the management of his estates during his long minority, from 1751-1767. The ... More


The New King 1727–1731

Jeremy Black

in George II: Puppet of the Politicians?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780859898072
eISBN:
9781781380543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780859898072.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

On October 11, 1727, George II was officially crowned king of Britain. The coronation was accompanied by less splendour and uncertainty than there otherwise might have been, although there were also ... More


The Townshend Moment: The Making of Empire and Revolution in the Eighteenth Century

Patrick Griffin

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300218978
eISBN:
9780300231144
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300218978.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book chronicles the attempts of brothers Charles and George Townshend to control the forces of history in the heady days after Britain's mythic victory over France in the mid-eighteenth century, ... More


Defeat in Mesopotamia

Kaushik Roy

in Indian Army and the First World War: 1914-18

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780199485659
eISBN:
9780199093939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199485659.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter grapples with the question whether the defeat of the British Indian Army at Kut was inevitable or not? And India’s responsibility for the disaster at Kut is also considered. This chapter ... More


Prologue: Raynham Revisited

Patrick Griffin

in The Townshend Moment: The Making of Empire and Revolution in the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300218978
eISBN:
9780300231144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300218978.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book tells the complex story of the Townshend brothers, Charles and George, and how they had influenced the world in which they lived based on the sense that they were destined to lead at a ... More


The Townshend Blunder

Richard Archer

in As If an Enemy's Country: The British Occupation of Boston and the Origins of Revolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199895779
eISBN:
9780190254551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199895779.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines Boston's reaction to the Townshend Acts, which consisted of three major components proposed by Chancellor of the Exchequer Charles Townshend in 1767 and approved by the ... More


Empire: Drafting and Implementing the Quartering Act

John Gilbert McCurdy

in Quarters: The Accommodation of the British Army and the Coming of the American Revolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501736605
eISBN:
9781501736612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501736605.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines how colonial resistance to quartering British soldiers led the British Parliament to authorize the Quartering Act in 1765. Built on the ideal of the unitary empire, the ... More


“My Dear Countrymen Rouse Yourselves”

Peter Charles Hoffer and Williamjames Hull Hoffer

in The Clamor of Lawyers: The American Revolution and Crisis in the Legal Profession

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501726071
eISBN:
9781501726088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501726071.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

By 1774, events were pushing the lawyers to take sides whose lines of division could not be crossed. Nor could even the best connected of lawyers straddle these lines. One had to choose. Still, the ... More


Majority (1767–70)

Brian Bonnyman

in The Third Duke of Buccleuch and Adam Smith: Estate Management and Improvement in Enlightenment Scotland

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780748642007
eISBN:
9781474405980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748642007.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

Continuing on from chapter 2, this chapter charts the Duke of Buccleuch’s life and career on his return from his Grand Tour in 1766, including his marriage to Lady Elizabeth Montagu, the death of his ... More


George and Walpole: Double Act or King in the Shadows? 1731–1741

Jeremy Black

in George II: Puppet of the Politicians?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780859898072
eISBN:
9781781380543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780859898072.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Despite their differences over foreign policy and ministerial composition in 1729–1730, George II supported Robert Walpole in office until his fall in 1742. This was evident in 1733, during the ... More


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