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Charles James Fox

L. G. Mitchell

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201045
eISBN:
9780191674815
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201045.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

Charles James Fox was one of the most colourful figures in 18th-century politics. Notorious for the excesses of his private life, he was at the same time one of the leading politicians of his ... More


A Father's Son, 1749–1774

L. G. Mitchell

in Charles James Fox

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201045
eISBN:
9780191674815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201045.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

Charles James Fox was born on 24 January 1749, in Conduit St in London. The dominant influence on Fox was his father, Henry Fox, whose deep love for his son made it impossible for him to restrain the ... More


Secession from Parliament, 1794–1801

L. G. Mitchell

in Charles James Fox

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201045
eISBN:
9780191674815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201045.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

The years 1794 to 1797 set a new pattern of Foxite politics. They were no longer an opposition but a pressure group. The prospect of office receded: they could hope for a few old friends to rejoin ... More


Books and Domesticity, 1794–1802

L. G. Mitchell

in Charles James Fox

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201045
eISBN:
9780191674815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201045.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

The years 1794–1802 saw Fox develop and consolidate a lifestyle that had little or nothing to do with politics. Secession from Parliament was the easier option because there was an alternative way of ... More


Constitutional Crisis, 1782–1784

L. G. Mitchell

in Charles James Fox

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201045
eISBN:
9780191674815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201045.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

The constitutional crisis of 1782–4 was the determining experience in Fox's political career. It would become the terms of reference against which future decisions were taken. Fox was personally ... More


The French Revolution, 1789–1794

L. G. Mitchell

in Charles James Fox

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201045
eISBN:
9780191674815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201045.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

The Foxites were badly prepared to meet the prolonged crisis provoked by the French Revolution. Their leaders were busy nursing the bruises that had been sustained in the Regency Crisis and in the ... More


The Making of a Whig, 1774–1782

L. G. Mitchell

in Charles James Fox

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201045
eISBN:
9780191674815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201045.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

Between 1774 and 1782, Fox, on some interpretations, finally managed to slough off the prejudices of his family to emerge as a Rockingham Whig. If so, the transformation was astonishing. The ... More


In Foxite Society

L. G. Mitchell

in Charles James Fox

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201045
eISBN:
9780191674815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201045.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

Up to the end of the 1780s, the prominence of Charles Fox in England owed as much to his position in society as to politics. He was a leading figure at Brooks's and Newmarket as well as Westminster. ... More


Political Life Resumed, 1801–1806

L. G. Mitchell

in Charles James Fox

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201045
eISBN:
9780191674815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201045.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

Fox resumed political life in 1801, but on terms. His interest in politics was at best part-time. Between 1801 and 1806, only twenty-two performances are recorded in the collected edition of his ... More


The Talents Ministry, 1806

L. G. Mitchell

in Charles James Fox

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201045
eISBN:
9780191674815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201045.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

1806 was a terrible year in British politics. It not only saw the deaths of two men, who had dominated politics for over twenty years, but it also saw the public exposure of their policies. Pitt ... More


Fox, the Directory, and Bonaparte, 1794–1802

L. G. Mitchell

in Charles James Fox

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201045
eISBN:
9780191674815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201045.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

As far as Fox retained an interest in politics after 1794, it lay in a continuing concern for France and the possibilities of a peace. He never shifted from the view that the war had been ... More


Reform and Liberalism

L. G. Mitchell

in Charles James Fox

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201045
eISBN:
9780191674815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201045.003.0012
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

Fox very quickly became the subject of hagiography. From the Foxite cults of the early 19th century to the biographies written by 20th-century Liberals in search of ancestors, the line of argument ... More


New Principles and Old Failings, 1784–1789

L. G. Mitchell

in Charles James Fox

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201045
eISBN:
9780191674815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201045.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

The feverish politics of 1782–4 ended, for Fox, in public and sensational defeat. Their impact and influence cast long shadows, and for Fox they were a formative experience. Defeat reinforced in Fox ... More


Aristocratic Styles in the Age of Reform: I. Whigs

Peter Mandler

in Aristocratic Government in the Age of Reform: Whigs and Liberals 1830-1852

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198217817
eISBN:
9780191678288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217817.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The confluence of great families who came to be known collectively as ‘the Grand Whiggery’ hardly pre-dated the turn of the century. Though these high Whig social circles were loosely connected to ... More


A Uniform Whig, 1791–1792

F.P. Lock

in Edmund Burke, Volume II: 1784-1797

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199541539
eISBN:
9780191701238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541539.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines British politician Edmund Burke's relations with his Whig Party in 1791–92. His Reflections on the Revolution in France was well received across a wide spectrum of political ... More


Chained to an Oar, 1792–1794

F.P. Lock

in Edmund Burke, Volume II: 1784-1797

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199541539
eISBN:
9780191701238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541539.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines the career and activities of British politician Edmund Burke during the period from 1792 to 1794. During this period, Burke's relationship with the Whig Party did not improve. ... More


Whiggism and Liberalism, 1780–1850

Peter Mandler

in Aristocratic Government in the Age of Reform: Whigs and Liberals 1830-1852

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198217817
eISBN:
9780191678288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217817.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter traces the emergence and divergence of the Whig and liberal styles of aristocratic governance in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries in England. At the end of the ... More


Epilogue

L. G. Mitchell

in Charles James Fox

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201045
eISBN:
9780191674815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201045.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

Much-loved in his lifetime, Fox was deified almost immediately after his death. A cult of Fox was developed that, in its depth and variety, represents an important aspect of Whig party history in the ... More


The Domestic Political Context

Andrew Stockley

in Britain and France at the Birth of America: The European Powers and the Peace Negotiations of 1782-83

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780859896153
eISBN:
9781781380451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780859896153.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Hopes for a reconciliation between France and Britain did not last long. Although the British Parliament pledged to uphold the peace settlement, it censured the terms that had been agreed. The earl ... More


Fox and the 1783 Negotiations

Andrew Stockley

in Britain and France at the Birth of America: The European Powers and the Peace Negotiations of 1782-83

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780859896153
eISBN:
9781781380451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780859896153.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Historical discussions of the peace negotiations that ended the War of American Independence have focused on the signing of the preliminary treaties on January 20, 1783. According to Jonathan Dull, ... More


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