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Justifying Cosmopolitanism: A Methodological Critique

Claus Nielsen

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers the different methodologies grounding the justification of cosmopolitan principles and shows that they are affected by significant difficulties. It distinguishes between two ... More


Arbitrariness and Territorial Borders

Cara Nine

in Global Justice and Territory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580217
eISBN:
9780191741456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580217.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter engages with cosmopolitan theory in order to set the stage for the theory of exclusive collective resource rights. It criticizes the claim that territorial borders are morally arbitrary. ... More


Internationalism versus Statism and Globalism: Contemporary Debates

Mathias Risse

in On Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142692
eISBN:
9781400845507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142692.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines contemporary debates about statism and globalism. Statists need a necessary condition for justice to apply. They must tell us what it is about states that renders such ... More


An Approach to Human Rights

Carl Wellman

in The Moral Dimensions of Human Rights

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744787
eISBN:
9780199827138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744787.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explains how the contemporary idea of human rights developed out of the natural rights tradition. It adopts a natural rights, although not a natural law, approach to human rights in ... More


Contractualist Common Ownership and the Basic Needs Principle

Megan Blomfield

in Global Justice, Natural Resources, and Climate Change

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198791737
eISBN:
9780191834028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791737.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter draws on Charles Beitz’s account of natural resource justice to defend a method of justification that can be used to develop the Common Ownership view. This method employs an original ... More


Human Rights as Fundamental Conditions for a Good Life

S. Matthew Liao

in Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199688623
eISBN:
9780191768101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688623.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Philosophy of Law

This chapter articulates and defends the Fundamental Conditions Approach to grounding human rights, which argues that human beings have human rights to so-called fundamental conditions (i.e. goods, ... More


Human Rights, Natural Rights, and Human Dignity

A. John Simmons

in Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199688623
eISBN:
9780191768101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688623.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Philosophy of Law

This chapter explores various foundational accounts of human rights theory. It considers centrally the accounts of Jeremy Waldron and Charles Beitz. It suggests that a natural rights account can ... More


Humanist and Political Perspectives on Human Rights

Pablo Gilabert

in Human Dignity and Human Rights

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198827221
eISBN:
9780191866104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827221.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the relation between two perspectives on the nature of human rights. According to the “political” or “practical” perspective, human rights are claims that individuals have ... More


Human Rights as Fundamental Conditions for a Good Life

S. Matthew Liao

in The Right to Be Loved

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190234836
eISBN:
9780190234850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190234836.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

What grounds human rights? How do we determine that something is a genuine human right? This chapter offers a new answer: human beings have human rights to the fundamental conditions for pursuing a ... More


A Social Ontology of Human Rights

Carol C. Gould

in Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199688623
eISBN:
9780191768101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688623.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Philosophy of Law

This chapter proposes a revisionist understanding of the philosophical basis of human rights. It argues that human rights are based on sociality and are themselves fundamentally social or relational ... More


Human Rights: A Critique of the Raz/Rawls Approach

Jeremy Waldron

in Human Rights: Moral or Political?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198713258
eISBN:
9780191781704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198713258.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines and criticizes the suggestion that we should interpret the “human” in “human rights” as (i) referring to the appropriate sort of action when certain rights are violated rather ... More


A Framework for Rights

Hugh Lafollette

in In Defense of Gun Control

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190873363
eISBN:
9780190873400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873363.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Advocates for a serious right to bear arms claim that this right is extremely valuable, primarily because it is a vital means of self-defense. Before we can understand precisely what this claim ... More


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