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A TALE OF TWO ACCIDENTS

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter analyzes two organizational disasters that led to the loss of the space shuttles Challenger and Columbia in 1986 and 2003. These decision and information failures highlight interactions ... More


The Captain's Widow of Sandwich: Self-Invention and the Life of Hannah Rebecca Burgess, 1834-1917

Megan Taylor Shockley

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783191
eISBN:
9780814786529
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783191.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

In 1852 Hannah Rebecca Crowell married sea captain William Burgess and set sail. Within three years, Rebecca Burgess had crossed the equator eleven times and learned to navigate a vessel. In 1856, ... More


Challenger

Ned O'Gorman

in The Iconoclastic Imagination: Image, Catastrophe, and Economy in America from the Kennedy Assassination to September 11

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226310060
eISBN:
9780226310374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226310374.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter four looks at a second American iconoclasm in the Cold War era, the Challenger disaster. Approaching the disaster in the context of Ronald Reagan’s America, where both television and ... More


From Legacy to Legend

Megan Taylor Shockley

in The Captain's Widow of Sandwich: Self-Invention and the Life of Hannah Rebecca Burgess, 1834-1917

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783191
eISBN:
9780814786529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783191.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter details how Rebecca's story had reached a wider audience and from there, had encouraged her to shape her own legend for the community. During the 1870s and beyond Rebecca added to her ... More


Women of the Moon

Daniel R. Altschuler and Fernando J. Ballesteros

in The Women of the Moon: Tales of Science, Love, Sorrow, and Courage

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198844419
eISBN:
9780191879951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844419.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

For each of the “Women of the Moon”, a biography and the reason for receiving the honor are described. The women included are Hypatia of Alexandria, Catherine of Alexandria, Nicole-Reine de la Briere ... More


Now, Voyager

Ellen Willis

in No More Nice Girls: Countercultural Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816680795
eISBN:
9781452949000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816680795.003.0023
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter considers outer space as a metaphor for liberation and loneliness by focusing on the explosion of the Challenger space shuttle. For both proponents and detractors, the military model of ... More


The Ice Returns

Jan Zalasiewicz and Mark Williams

in The Goldilocks Planet: The 4 billion year story of Earth's climate

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199593576
eISBN:
9780191918018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199593576.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

Among the marvellous fossils retrieved from Seymour Island—a thin strip of land near the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, is a giant penguin that lived forty ... More


Radiolaria: validating the Turing theory

Bernard Richards

in The Turing Guide

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198747826
eISBN:
9780191916946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747826.003.0046
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

In his 1952 paper ‘The chemical basis of morphogenesis’ Turing postulated his now famous Morphogenesis Equation. He claimed that his theory would explain ... More


Discovering the Ocean: Of Fish and Ships and People

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the impact of human activities on the ocean and provides a brief history of the expansion of ocean research. It begins by discussing the major causes of fishery decline in the ... More


Microbes and Minerals

David Rickard

in Pyrite: A Natural History of Fool's Gold

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190203672
eISBN:
9780197559482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190203672.003.0010
Subject:
Chemistry, Mineralogy and Gems

Pyrite consists of two elements—iron and sulfur—but considerations of pyrite formation have mainly concerned sulfur. Iron is extremely abundant in the Earth; in fact, ... More


Pyrite and the Global Environment

David Rickard

in Pyrite: A Natural History of Fool's Gold

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190203672
eISBN:
9780197559482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190203672.003.0012
Subject:
Chemistry, Mineralogy and Gems

The two basic processes concerning pyrite in the environment are the formation of pyrite, which usually involves reduction of sulfate to sulfide, and the destruction ... More


The Collapse of Thermal Contraction

Naomi Oreskes

in The Rejection of Continental Drift: Theory and Method in American Earth Science

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117325
eISBN:
9780197561188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117325.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

In 1901, Karl Zittel, president of the Bavarian Royal Academy of Sciences, declared that “Suess has secured almost general recognition for the contraction ... More


Emancipating Structures and Cognitive Styles

Karen A. Cerulo

in Never Saw It Coming: Cultural Challenges to Envisioning the Worst

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226100326
eISBN:
9780226100296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226100296.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter investigates the role of emancipating structures in the development of negative asymmetry. It compares high-profile cases involving worst-case scenarios including the SARS outbreak of ... More


Voyager Redux, Galileo, and Magellan

Peter J. Westwick

in Into the Black: JPL and the American Space Program, 1976-2004

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110753
eISBN:
9780300134582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110753.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows that despite the failure of the SSEC plan—the bloated Mars Observer, the deferral of Mariner Mark II—the decade of the 1980s closed on a generally upbeat note. The optimism of ... More


The Information Sharing Crisis that Does Not Go Away

Alon Peled

in Traversing Digital Babel: Information, E-Government, and Exchange

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027878
eISBN:
9780262319867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027878.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The chapter illustrates the severity of public sector information sharing failures with five tragic events where information sharing failure was decisive: the Challenger Space Shuttle explosion; the ... More


Astronauts: Reinventing the Right Stuff

Valerie Neal

in Spaceflight in the Shuttle Era and Beyond: Redefining Humanity's Purpose in Space

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300206517
eISBN:
9780300227987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300206517.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The third chapter, “Astronauts: Reinventing the Right Stuff,” examines how the astronaut as icon embodied new meanings of spaceflight. A salient distinction of the shuttle era was the broadening, ... More


Twentieth-Century Space

Claude A. Piantadosi

in Mankind Beyond Earth: The History, Science, and Future of Human Space Exploration

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162432
eISBN:
9780231531030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162432.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter explains the evolution of our knowledge of the problems of putting people into space and how the remaining issues can be resolved through perseverance, continuity, and international ... More


The National Security Agencies Abandon the Shuttle

James E. David

in Spies and Shuttles: NASA's Secret Relationships with the DoD and CIA

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813049991
eISBN:
9780813050430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049991.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

It soon became evident after the Shuttle's long-delayed first flight in 1981 that it could neither meet the estimated flight schedule nor achieve the original performance specifications needed for ... More


The saxophone as symbol and icon

Stephen Cottrell

in The Saxophone

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100419
eISBN:
9780300190953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100419.003.0009
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter examines the saxophone's status as a symbol and an icon within culture. From its inception, the instrument has been identified with modernity, innovation, and a sense of exploration and ... More


Judith Arlene Resnik (1949–1986)

Daniel R. Altschuler and Fernando J. Ballesteros

in The Women of the Moon: Tales of Science, Love, Sorrow, and Courage

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198844419
eISBN:
9780191879951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844419.003.0028
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on the life of the American astronaut Judith Resnik, who died in the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger.


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