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Nordau’s Degeneration and Lombroso’s Atavism in Heart of Darkness and ‘Falk’

John W. Griffith

in Joseph Conrad and the Anthropological Dilemma: ‘Bewildered Traveller’

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198183006
eISBN:
9780191673931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183006.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism, European Literature

This chapter considers the impact of two notorious Victorian positivists — Max Nordau and Cesare Lombroso — whose theories of degeneracy and criminal atavism seen to have influenced Conrad’s ... More


Lombroso’s Reception in the United States

Nicole Rafter

in The Eternal Recurrence of Crime and Control: Essays in Honour of Paul Rock

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199580231
eISBN:
9780191702280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580231.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter presents Paul Rock's work on the 19th-century criminologist, Cesare Lombroso. It focuses on Lombroso's reception and reputation and how his contemporaries in North American understood ... More


The Dangerous Person as a Type: Criminal Anthropology, c. 1880–1900

Peter Cryle and Elizabeth Stephens

in Normality: A Critical Genealogy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226483863
eISBN:
9780226484198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226484198.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

The classification of deviant individuals became a major concern in Italy toward the end of the nineteenth century. The scuola positiva of criminal anthropology led by Cesare Lombroso sought to ... More


Mrs Musgrave’s stain of madness: Marsh and the female offender

Johan Höglund

in Richard Marsh, popular fiction and literary culture, 1890-1915: Rereading the fin de siècle

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526124340
eISBN:
9781526136206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526124340.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter ties Richard Marsh’s Mrs Musgrave – And Her Husband (1895) to the anxiety surrounding the degeneration debate. Simultaneously crime novel, detective novel and Gothic fiction, Mrs ... More


The Semantics of the Hand

Adrian Daub

in Four-Handed Monsters: Four-Hand Piano Playing and Nineteenth-Century Culture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199981779
eISBN:
9780199370085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981779.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, Western, History, American

This chapter deals with a much more covert aspect of four-hand playing and its role in nineteenth-century culture: the hand as an organ. Most visual and literary representations of four-hand playing ... More


Dark City, Bright Future: Utopian and Dystopian Urban Genres around 1900

Scott Spector

in Violent Sensations: Sex, Crime, and Utopia in Vienna and Berlin, 1860-1914

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226196640
eISBN:
9780226196817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226196817.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Focusing on the short period from the 1890s through about 1905 in Vienna and Berlin, this chapter explores textual representation of a paradoxical approach to the idea of the big city or metropolis. ... More


The Golden Age of Kitsch

Richard Taruskin

in The Danger of Music and Other Anti-Utopian Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520249776
eISBN:
9780520942790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249776.003.0033
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter discusses the Nazi concept of degeneracy in arts and music in Germany, in relation with the release of complete recordings of two operas by record company Decca/London. The record ... More


Crime, Genius, and Criminal Genius

James C. Oleson

in Criminal Genius: A Portrait of High-IQ Offenders

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520282414
eISBN:
9780520958098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520282414.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter describes the idea of “genius,” which has evolved since its origins as a Roman tutelary spirit to include conceptions of eminence, creativity, and intelligence. In the Renaissance, ... More


People and publications

Simon Nicholls, Michael Pushkin, and Vladimir Ashkenazy

in The Notebooks of Alexander Skryabin

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190863661
eISBN:
9780190863692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190863661.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Philosophy of Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

A critical account, first, of Skryabin’s friend and chronicler Leonid Sabaneyev. Sabaneyev, a close personal associate of the composer, is the commentator on Skryabin most quoted in the West; his ... More


Designing the ‘New Horizons’ of Punishment

Michele Pifferi

in Reinventing Punishment: A Comparative History of Criminology and Penology in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198743217
eISBN:
9780191803079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743217.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The chapter investigates the impact of positivist criminology on liberal criminal law during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, with a specific focus on the new key principles of ... More


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