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The Old Bolsheviks, Socialist Construction, and the Purges, 1923–1937

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

After 1923 the size of the Central Committee increased, but membership was still overwhelmingly made up of pre‐1917 party members or Old Bolsheviks. The system of ‘job‐slot representation’ quickly ... More


Challenge and Crisis, 1985–1991

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

There were high levels of turnover in the Central Committee during the Gorbachev years, reflecting the new leader's conviction that the renewal of party and government officials was essential to the ... More


Stalin's New Elite, 1939–1956

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The purges were followed by a very high turnover of members of the Central Committee and in effect a new generation of leaders appeared, younger and more from the mass of workers and peasants than ... More


Revolutionaries in Power, 1917–1923

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The Central Committee of the Russian Communist Party, which constituted the political elite of Soviet Russia, was in Lenin's time, relatively homogeneous and was entirely composed of people who had ... More


Elite and Society

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The Central Committee was never a ‘representative’ elite. Like other revolutionary elites, it was disproportionately male and well educated; but it was generally more representative of the mass ... More


An Evolving Elite

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Across the years of its existence, the USSR witnessed three elite revolutions: in 1917, when the Tsarist elite was replaced by a Bolshevik elite of professional revolutionaries; during the Purges, ... More


In the Portals of Power

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

When Gorbachev moved to Moscow in November 1978, he became – at the age of 47 – the youngest member of the predominantly elderly Soviet top leadership team. He received rapid promotion, becoming a ... More


The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The USSR was dominated by its ruling Communist Party, and the party was in turn dominated by a political elite that was represented in its Central Committee. Nearly two thousand individuals were ... More


The Central Committee as a Bureaucratic Elite

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0028
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union is considered an institutionally defined elite. Research conducted in the 1960s and 1970s explored the educational and career ... More


The Generational Revolution

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0029
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Communist Party of the Soviet Union held its Twenty-seventh Congress in February and March 1986, signaling the end of an era characterized by an unprecedented series of leadership changes sparked ... More


The Fall of Khrushchev and the Advent of Participatory Bureaucracy

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0027
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Soviet politics may be studied by means of an art of educated guesswork known as Kremlinology, defined as the occult science of deducing what was going on in the Kremlin based on whatever evidence is ... More


Politics, Yes, but Not Electoral Politics

in Between Justice and Politics: The Ligue des Droits de l'Homme, 1898-1945

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753173
eISBN:
9780804767873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753173.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Victor Basch, a spokesman for the Ligue des droits de l'homme (League of the Rights of Man), admitted that the League has always been involved in politics, but only in the form of public policy. ... More


Management and Unions

Mary McAuley

in Bread and Justice: State and Society in Petrograd 1917-1922

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198219828
eISBN:
9780191678387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198219828.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Partly as a consequence of differing conceptions, partly for historic and institutional reasons, the attempt to create a socialist industry produced institutional rivals. This chapter begins by ... More


The Politburo's Role as Revealed by the Lost Transcripts

Paul Gregory

in The Lost Politburo Transcripts: From Collective Rule to Stalin's Dictatorship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134247
eISBN:
9780300152227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134247.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the origins of the Politburo transcripts and the way they fit with the other documents of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from the interwar period. It suggests that the ... More


Master of the House: Stalin and His Inner Circle

Oleg V. Khlevniuk

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110661
eISBN:
9780300161281
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110661.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Based on research in previously unavailable documents in the Soviet archives, this book illuminates the secret inner mechanisms of power in the Soviet Union during the years when Stalin established ... More


Boundaries of Forest Land: The Godavarman Case and Beyond1

Shomona Khanna

in Democratizing Forest Governance in India

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198099123
eISBN:
9780199083077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099123.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter presents an insider’s view and detailed critique of the judicial process behind the Godavarman case. It suggests that the Godavarman judgment has further centralized forest management by ... More


Not a Mirror but a Magnifying Glass: Soviet Television Enthusiasm

Christine E. Evans

in Between Truth and Time: A History of Soviet Central Television

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300208481
eISBN:
9780300208962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300208481.003.0002
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter focuses on Soviet television “enthusiasm,” the set of values and ambitions espoused by Central Television workers in the second half of the 1950s. It first considers the creation of the ... More


Karl-Otto Pöhl: The Pole Position

Harold James

in Architects of the Euro: Intellectuals in the Making of European Monetary Union

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198735915
eISBN:
9780191799860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735915.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Political Economy

As President of the Bundesbank Council, Karl-Otto Pöhl occupied a pivotal position in the negotiations leading to EMU, principally within the Delors Committee and within the Committee of EC Central ... More


Death and Afterlife as Villain and Hero

Timothy Cheek

in Propaganda and Culture in Mao's China: Deng Tuo and the Intelligentsia

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290667
eISBN:
9780191684821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290667.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Along with other establishment intellectuals and their political patrons, Deng Tuo was purged in 1966 and his ideas were castigated as ‘anti-socialist’ and ‘anti-Party’. He was faced with an ... More


The Indian Communist Party

Melvyn C. Goldstein, Dawei Sherap, and William R. Siebenschuh

in A Tibetan Revolutionary: The Political Life and Times of Bapa Phuntso Wangye

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240896
eISBN:
9780520940307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240896.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

When he reached Kalimpong, Phüntso Wangye began to make contact with representatives of the Indian Communist Party. It was not easy. The Communist Party was illegal, so it did not have an office with ... More


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