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Western European Liberation Theology: The First Wave (1924-1959)

Gerd-Rainer Horn

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199204496
eISBN:
9780191708145
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204496.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This book studies the development of a distinct, progressive variant of Catholicism in 20th century Western Europe. This Left Catholicism served to lay the basis for the subsequent events and ... More


Catholic Action: A Twentieth‐Century Social Movement (1920s–1930s)

Gerd‐Rainer Horn

in Western European Liberation Theology: The First Wave (1924-1959)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199204496
eISBN:
9780191708145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204496.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter points to the crucial role played by Catholic Action in the fashioning of progressive European Catholicism. In the process of attempting to win back lapsed Catholics, whose numbers had ... More


The Mouvement Populaire des Familles

Gerd‐Rainer Horn

in Western European Liberation Theology: The First Wave (1924-1959)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199204496
eISBN:
9780191708145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204496.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Whereas the interwar time period saw the most innovative developments within specialised Catholic Action taking place within its working class youth organizations, the closing years of World War Two ... More


“Los Que Matan en el Nombre de Dios”: Ríos Montt and the Religious Question

Virginia Garrard‐Burnett

in Terror in the Land of the Holy Spirit: Guatemala Under General Efrain Rios Montt, 1982-1983

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195379648
eISBN:
9780199869176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379648.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Using newly available church and guerrilla records, this chapter first discusses the radicalization of the Catholic Church in Guatemala and the alliances formed by the religious and armed Left. ... More


Political Catholicism in Europe, 1918–1965

Tom Buchanan and Martin Conway (eds)

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203193
eISBN:
9780191675775
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203193.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In the 20th century, Catholics have been enthusiastic supporters of the dictatorships of Franco and Salazar, victims of Nazism in Germany, and advocates of Christian Democracy in post-war Europe. ... More


Catholic Action and the Creation of a Lay Apostolate

Mary Vincent

in Catholicism in the Second Spanish Republic: Religion and Politics in Salamanca 1930-1936

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206132
eISBN:
9780191676987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206132.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

The historical and ideological origins of Catholic Action lie in postunification Italy. The Vatican, goaded into centralized efficiency by the removal of its temporal power, successfully sought to ... More


Italy

John Pollard

in Political Catholicism in Europe, 1918–1965

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203193
eISBN:
9780191675775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203193.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the development of political Catholicism in Italy between 1918 and 1968. It focuses on the relationship between the ecclesiastical hierarchy, especially the Papacy, and the ... More


. “The Priesthood of the Layman”: Catholic Action in the Archdiocese of San Francisco

William Issel

in Empowering the People of God: Catholic Action before and after Vatican II

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823254002
eISBN:
9780823261154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823254002.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Bill Issel explores how an archdiocesan initiative to educate younger Catholics in the essentials of the faith in northern California provided the basis for a model of Catholic Action that allowed ... More


The Liturgical Movement and Catholic Action: Women Living the Liturgical Life in the Lay Apostolate

Katharine E. Harmon

in Empowering the People of God: Catholic Action before and after Vatican II

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823254002
eISBN:
9780823261154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823254002.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Katharine Harmon explores the intersection of the interwar Liturgical Movement with three forms of female lay initiative, the National Council for Catholic Women, the Catholic intellectual revival ... More


From Participation to Community: John Courtney Murray’s American Justification for Catholic Action

Christopher D. Denny

in Empowering the People of God: Catholic Action before and after Vatican II

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823254002
eISBN:
9780823261154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823254002.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Christopher Denny explores some of the early writings of the American Catholic theologian John Courtney Murray, better known for his later contributions to the Second Vatican Council. Locating Murray ... More


A National Church Experienced

Charles Keith

in Catholic Vietnam: A Church from Empire to Nation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520272477
eISBN:
9780520953826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520272477.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 5, “A National Church Experienced,” examines how a range of new experiences transformed an “imagined” religious community into an increasingly tangible and central part of Vietnamese Catholic ... More


Azzione Cattolica in an American Setting: The Society of St. Charles–Scalabrinians and Catholic Action

Mary Elizabeth Brown

in Empowering the People of God: Catholic Action before and after Vatican II

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823254002
eISBN:
9780823261154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823254002.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Mary Elizabeth Brown examines the case of two Italian-American parishes in Washington DC and Boston served by the Society of St. Charles Scalabrinians from 1950 to 1970. In these ethnic communities, ... More


The Vatican and Mexican Lay Activists after the Cristero Rebellion

Stephen J. C. Andes

in The Vatican and Catholic Activism in Mexico and Chile: The Politics of Transnational Catholicism, 1920-1940

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688487
eISBN:
9780191767661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688487.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Religion, Latin American History

The establishment of Catholic Action in Mexico in the 1930s is the subject of Chapter 6. The Vatican founded an official model of Catholic Action globally during the decade, so Mexico and Chile, ... More


The Fight Outside the Ring: Antiracism in the CYO

Timothy B. Neary

in Crossing Parish Boundaries: Race, Sports, and Catholic Youth in Chicago, 1914-1954

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226388762
eISBN:
9780226388939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226388939.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the antiracist and interracial ideologies and practices of Chicago’s Catholic Youth Organization (CYO), 1930-1954. Founder-director Bishop Bernard Sheil—a strong anticommunist ... More


The ‘Foreign Policy’ of Pius XI in the 1920s

John Pollard

in The Papacy in the Age of Totalitarianism, 1914-1958

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199208562
eISBN:
9780191785580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208562.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Church History

This chapter is concerned with the ‘foreign policy’ of Pius XI and his Secretary of State, Cardinal Gasparri, between 1922 and 1930. It examines in detail the papacy’s relations with various states ... More


A Convergence in Rome: The 1933 Iberoamerican Congress

Stephen J. C. Andes

in The Vatican and Catholic Activism in Mexico and Chile: The Politics of Transnational Catholicism, 1920-1940

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688487
eISBN:
9780191767661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688487.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Religion, Latin American History

The final chapter describes how Catholic Action’s non-partisan character influenced Catholic university students in Mexico, Chile, and throughout Latin America. It then suggests that young Catholic ... More


University Apostles

Joaquín M. Chávez

in Poets and Prophets of the Resistance: Intellectuals and the Origins of El Salvador's Civil War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199315512
eISBN:
9780190661106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199315512.003.0003
Subject:
History, Latin American History

The chapter explores the trajectory of the Salvadoran University Catholic Action, a conservative student organization in the 1950s that became the cradle of the New Left insurgency in the late 1960s. ... More


Empowering the People of God: Catholic Action before and after Vatican II

Jeremy Bonner, Mary Beth Fraser Connolly, and Christopher Denny (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823254002
eISBN:
9780823261154
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823254002.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

In the decades that separated the Roaring Twenties from Vatican II, Catholic Action inspired laypeople to participate in the work of the Church’s hierarchy. In endeavors that ranged from religious ... More


The Working Class Goes to Paradise

Gerd-Rainer Horn

in The Spirit of Vatican II: Western European Progressive Catholicism in the Long Sixties

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199593255
eISBN:
9780191761218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593255.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Theology

The opening towards the modern world and the engagement for the disinherited and poor in the wake of Vatican II likewise had important echoes in the world of labour. Catholic trade unions and ... More


Guatemala: The Role of the Maya in the Worldview of Marxist Insurgency

John D. Early

in Maya and Catholic Cultures in Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813040134
eISBN:
9780813043838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813040134.003.0017
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This chapter sketches the background that led to Guatemalan Maya involvement in a Marxist armed insurrection. There was a national crisis fed by governmental corruption. In reaction, national leftist ... More


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