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The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Richard Dean

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The humanity formulation of Kant’s Categorical Imperative demands that we treat humanity as an end in itself. Because this principle resonates with currently influential ideals of human rights and ... More


Legislating the Moral Law

Andrews Reath

in Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288830
eISBN:
9780191603648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288836.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter spells out two distinct senses in which the rational will legislates moral requirements: one that holds for the Categorical Imperative, and a different sense that holds for particular ... More


The Categorical Imperative and Kant's Conception of Practical Rationality

Andrews Reath

in Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288830
eISBN:
9780191603648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288836.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter outlines an explanation of how Kant grounds morality in reason. It argues that all rational choice is guided by normative considerations (reasons with normative force for the agent). In ... More


The Argument for the Humanity Formula

Richard Dean

in The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is no easy task to decipher Kant’s argument for accepting the humanity formulation as a fundamental principle of morality (often called his ‘derivation’ of the humanity formulation). The argument ... More


The Good Will Reading Meshes With Major Ideas of Kant's Ethics

Richard Dean

in The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that reading ‘humanity’ in the humanity formulation as good will provides the best fit between the humanity formulation and other major themes of Kant’s ethics. An analysis of ... More


Kantian Normative Ethics

Thomas E. Hill

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant aims to articulate and defend “the supreme principle of morality.” He presents the elements of this basic principle in his famous ... More


Meeting Needs and Doing Favors

Thomas E. Hill

in Human Welfare and Moral Worth: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252633
eISBN:
9780191597695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252637.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This essay, responding to recent work of David Cummiskey and Barcia Baron, defends the thesis that imperfect duty of beneficence in Kant's The Metaphysics of Morals is a rather minimal, indeterminate ... More


Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Thomas E. Hill, Jr

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199692002
eISBN:
9780191741241
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692002.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book interprets, explains, and extends Kant's moral theory in a series of chapters that highlight its relevance to contemporary ethics. The book is divided into four sections. The first three ... More


The Reciprocity Thesis in Kant and Hegel

Alan Patten

in Hegel's Idea of Freedom

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251568
eISBN:
9780191598180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251568.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Hegel shares in common with Kant an understanding of freedom as rational self‐determination. For Kant, this view of freedom implies that freedom and morality are reciprocal concepts: if you are free, ... More


Universalizability and Self-Improvement

Robert N. Johnson

in Self-Improvement: An Essay in Kantian Ethics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599349
eISBN:
9780191731556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599349.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The Formula of the Universal Law of Nature is perhaps the most well-known version of the Categorical Imperative. This chapter sets out the author’s understanding of this Formula and explains in ... More


Hypothetical Consent in Kantian Constructivism

Thomas E. Hill

in Human Welfare and Moral Worth: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252633
eISBN:
9780191597695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252637.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This essay regarding Kantian moral epistemology focuses specifically on one normative (rather than metaethical) version of Kantian constructivism. The aim is to examine the justificatory role of ... More


Testing Kantian Maxims

Steven Sverdlik

in Motive and Rightness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594948
eISBN:
9780191725401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594948.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One version of Kant's Categorical Imperative—the Formula of Universal Law—speaks of testing an agent's ‘maxim’ for moral permissibility. A maxim is a truncated piece of practical reasoning that ... More


A Kantian Perspective on Moral Rules

Thomas E. Hill

in Respect, Pluralism, and Justice: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238348
eISBN:
9780191597688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238347.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Sets the stage for subsequent discussions by sketching a deliberative framework drawn from a combination of Kant's formulations of the Categorical Imperative. Ideas of willing universal laws, ... More


A Kantian Perspective on Political Violence

Thomas E. Hill

in Respect, Pluralism, and Justice: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238348
eISBN:
9780191597688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238347.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This essay is a critical examination of Kant's strict opposition to political violence even against corrupt rulers. Granting that Kant's arguments are inadequate to support his extreme position, in ... More


Rationalism

R. M. Hare

in Sorting Out Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hare presents his own position, a theory that incorporates all the truths of the other theories that have been discussed, together with ‘prescriptive logic’, which is what makes rationality in moral ... More


Self-Improvement: An Essay in Kantian Ethics

Robert N. Johnson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599349
eISBN:
9780191731556
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599349.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Is there any moral obligation to improve oneself, to foster and develop various capacities in oneself? From a broadly Kantian point of view, Self-Improvement defends the view that there is such an ... More


Kantian constructivism as normative ethics

Thomas E. Hill, Jr.

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693269
eISBN:
9780191732058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693269.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

What would Kantian constructivism be like as a normative (not metaethical) theory that focused on ethical, not political questions? First this paper reviews conceptions of the normative/metaethical ... More


Treating Humanity as an End

Steven Sverdlik

in Motive and Rightness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594948
eISBN:
9780191725401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594948.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Another version of Kant's Categorical Imperative is the Formula of Humanity. This is investigated with regard to its treatment of the deontic relevance of motives. The portion of the formula ... More


The Green’s Gambit

Benjamin Hale

in The Wild and the Wicked: On Nature and Human Nature

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035408
eISBN:
9780262336499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035408.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter argues that reasons are underdetermined and often left out of value-based discussions of nature. The chapter offers a rough sketch of Kantian moral theory – particularly the first two ... More


The Actuality of Adorno

Alexander Kluge

Richard Langston (ed.)

in Difference and Orientation: An Alexander Kluge Reader

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501739200
eISBN:
9781501739224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739200.003.0027
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter details Alexander Kluge's acceptance speech on the occasion of receiving a prize named for Theodor W. Adorno. Kluge met Adorno when he was twenty-four years old and working as an ... More


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