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Nature's Capacities and Their Measurement

Nancy Cartwright

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235071
eISBN:
9780191597169
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235070.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book on the philosophy of science argues for an empiricism, opposed to the tradition of David Hume, in which singular rather than general causal claims are primary; causal laws express facts ... More


Meaning and Reference

Wayne A. Davis

in Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational Semantics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199261659
eISBN:
9780191603099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261652.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on word reference, and shows that the meaning of an expression cannot be identified with its reference to things in the world, rather than its expression of ideas in the mind. It ... More


Evolution and Epistemological Pessimism

Anthony O'Hear

in Beyond Evolution: Human Nature and the Limits of Evolutionary Explanation

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250043
eISBN:
9780191598111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250045.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Science can show how our beliefs are produced by our interactions with the material world. Explaining how, e.g. we might have experiences of secondary qualities and why such experiences might be ... More


Realism in Theory Construction

Ilkka Niiniluoto

in Critical Scientific Realism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251612
eISBN:
9780191598098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251614.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Theoretical realism claims—against instrumentalism (Stegmüller), constructive empiricism (van Fraassen), entity realism (Hacking, Cartwright), and structural realism (Worrall)—that the theoretical ... More


Does the Principle of Substitutivity Rest on a Mistake?

Ruth Barcan Marcus

in Modalities: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096576
eISBN:
9780199833412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096576.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This paper upholds Fitch's suggestion that it is reasonable to suppose that names of identified objects should be everywhere intersubstitutable when they are being used as names (the principle of ... More


Counterfactuals and causal structure

Kevin D. Hoover

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

The structural account of causation derives inter alia from Herbert Simon's work on causal order and was developed in Hoover's Causality in Macroeconomics and earlier articles. The structural account ... More


Radicalism and the Military, 1790–1860

Nick Mansfield

in Soldiers as Citizens: Popular Politics and the Nineteenth-Century British Military

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781789620863
eISBN:
9781789623772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620863.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter reviews radical political attitudes to the military, especially criticism of purchase of officers’ commissions and the punishment floggings of the rank and file. It gives an account of ... More


Defending the User-Financing System

Paul Sabin

in Crude Politics: The California Oil Market, 1900-1940

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520241985
eISBN:
9780520931145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520241985.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the 1930s California auto clubs and their legislative advocates sought to safeguard the state gasoline tax revenues while also showing that they were helping ease the overall tax burden. The ... More


The Courts Provide No Relief, 1909–1927

Laura Wittern-Keller

in Freedom of the Screen: Legal Challenges to State Film Censorship, 1915-1981

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124513
eISBN:
9780813134901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124513.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter discusses the role of the courts in preventing the removal of film censorship and the individuals who challenged this early on. It was in Chicago when the movie censorship law was first ... More


“How Many Times Can You Come Back?”

Allan R. Ellenberger

in Miriam Hopkins: Life and Films of a Hollywood Rebel

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813174310
eISBN:
9780813174822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813174310.003.0020
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Hopkins replaces Jo Van Fleet in the Broadway play, Look Homeward, Angel. Her costar, Andrew Prine, shares his experiences in the play. After it closes, she tours with it for several months. Next, ... More


The Formative Years, 1950–1958: Political Organization, Race, and Protest

Gail Saunders

in Race and Class in the Colonial Bahamas, 1880-1960

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062549
eISBN:
9780813051550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062549.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Chapter 7 describes the 1950 establishment of the Citizens’ Committee, comprising mainly nonwhite middle-class professionals concerned with the extreme discrimination upheld by the Bahamian white ... More


Introduction: Climate Change and the Contamination of the Anthropocene

Michael Mack

in Contaminations: "Beyond Dialectics in Modern Literature, Science and Film"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781474411363
eISBN:
9781474418577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474411363.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Introduces the figure of Contamination as an alternative to dialectics. Challenging various concepts of purity, Contaminations enables us to recognise the simultaneity of catastrophe and hope, of ... More


Piratical counterfactual, piratical counterfictional: from Misson to melodrama

Manushag N. Powell

in Counterfactual Romanticism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781784991418
eISBN:
9781526150370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7765/9781526107077.00015
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter conceptualises the layered forms in which the figure of the pirate was entailed to the Romantic-period stage and novel, offering a case study in the multi-genre energies of ... More


Cartwright, Universal Laws, and Fundamentalism

Steven Horst

in Laws, Mind, and Free Will

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015257
eISBN:
9780262295741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015257.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the Davidsonian Problematic for the philosophy of psychology in terms of a contrast between two types of laws as discussed in the previous chapter—“strict and exceptionless” ... More


Empiricism and Laws

Steven Horst

in Laws, Mind, and Free Will

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015257
eISBN:
9780262295741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015257.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents an alternative analysis and critique of Empiricism, one not rooted in Nancy Cartwright's groundbreaking work. Although Cartwright's critique is an important contribution to the ... More


Laws and Idealization

Steven Horst

in Laws, Mind, and Free Will

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015257
eISBN:
9780262295741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015257.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter outlines a view of laws that will capture what was right about Nancy Cartwright's analysis, but also move beyond it. In its basic orientation, the view is cognitivist, pragmatist, and ... More


Freedom, Determinism, and Two Accounts of Laws

Steven Horst

in Laws, Mind, and Free Will

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015257
eISBN:
9780262295741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015257.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the Empiricist account provides a direct link between laws and determinism, and that the causal account does not. The popularity of the Empiricist account of laws in the ... More


Quantum Bayesianism 2: Challenges

Christopher G. Timpson

in Quantum Information Theory and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199296460
eISBN:
9780191741791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296460.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Three more substantive challenges that the quantum Bayesian faces are presented: 1) Can a sensible ontology be found for the approach? 2) Can requisite sense of quantum explanations be made? and 3) ... More


An Account of Similarity

Michael Weisberg

in Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199933662
eISBN:
9780199333004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933662.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter develops the weighted feature-matching account of similarity. Most accounts of the model–world relation draw on logical properties such as isomorphism and homomorphism. In contrast, ... More


‘Operation Kino’: Quentin Tarantino’s Inglourious Basterds as Metacinematic Farce

Petra Rau

in Our Nazis: Representations of Fascism in Contemporary Literature and Film

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780748668649
eISBN:
9780748689149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748668649.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter discusses the figure of the Good German as a counterconstruct to the cliched evil Nazi. It traces its construction in 1950s war films such as The Young Lions and the the Rommel films and ... More


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