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Rationalism, Platonism and God: A Symposium on Early Modern Philosophy

Michael Ayers (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264201
eISBN:
9780191734670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264201.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book comprises three main chapters on Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz, with extensive responses. It explores the common ground of the great early-modern rationalist theories, and provides an ... More


Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Steven Nadler

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a collection of essays on the problem of causation in seventeenth-century philosophy. Occasionalism is the doctrine, held by a number of early modern Cartesian thinkers, that created ... More


Introduction

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introduction is a summary of the themes of this book, which is a collection of previously published essays on the problem of causation in seventeenth-century philosophy. In particular, these ... More


Metaphysics and Morality

Adam G. Cooper

in Life in the Flesh: An Anti-Gnostic Spiritual Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546626
eISBN:
9780191720208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546626.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Every moral system, even those that reject the notion of morality, has its metaphysical assumptions. Clandestine moral codes lie beneath the most avante garde philosophies. What we should do with and ... More


Descartes and Reformed Theology

Paul Helm

in Calvin at the Centre

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199532186
eISBN:
9780191714580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532186.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Calvinistic theology after Calvin came to be heavily influenced by the philosophy of Aristotle. It developed an essentially scholastic method. This chapter raises the question of why Descartes was ... More


Mortality and Metaphysics

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238811
eISBN:
9780191716492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238811.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Epicurean philosophers maintained that the human soul, composed of a particular kind of subtle atom, conferred sensibility and thought only so long as it permeated the organic body. Every atomic ... More


The Collapse of Cartesianism

Jonathan I. Israel

in Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206088
eISBN:
9780191676970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206088.003.0025
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

A discerning observer of the world of learning, contemplating Europe's war of philosophies in 1700, might well have concluded that Cartesianism and its offshoot, Malebranchisme, were most strongly ... More


The Intellectual Drama in Spain and Portugal

Jonathan I. Israel

in Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206088
eISBN:
9780191676970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206088.003.0028
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

From the 1680s onwards, the spread of Cartesianism, Malebranchisme, and other branches of the New Philosophy in Spain and Portugal generated a profound intellectual turmoil followed by a process of ... More


Conceptions of Self: An Analytical Taxonomy

Jonardon Ganeri

in The Self: Naturalism, Consciousness, and the First-Person Stance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199652365
eISBN:
9780191740718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652365.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

This chapter develops an analytical framework within which conceptions of self can be identified and classified. A conception about self supplies an answer to the question “What am I?” Until very ... More


Fallen Nature, Fallen Selves: Early Modern French Thought II

Michael Moriarty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199291038
eISBN:
9780191710599
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291038.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This book investigates psychological and ethical thought in 17th-century France, emphasizing both continuities and discontinuities with ancient and medieval thought. The ancient ethical vision that ... More


The Celestial Model

Athol Fitzgibbons

in Adam Smith's System of Liberty, Wealth, and Virtue: The Moral and Political Foundations of The Wealth of Nations

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292883
eISBN:
9780191596247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292880.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Points out that there are analogies between Isaac Newton's theory of the solar system and Adam Smith's theory of society.


Conclusions

Michael Moriarty

in Fallen Nature, Fallen Selves: Early Modern French Thought II

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199291038
eISBN:
9780191710599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291038.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

The key themes of the book are recapitulated in the course of a general assessment of the relationship of Augustinianism and Cartesianism in 17th-century moral thought. The writers discovered are ... More


 A Model of Experience and Knowledge

Anil Gupta

in Empiricism and Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195189582
eISBN:
9780199868452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189582.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter develops an account of experience and knowledge that takes seriously the interdependence of our conceptions of the self and the world. It argues that without an adequate conception of ... More


Self-Knowledge and Self-Ignorance in Context

Michael Moriarty

in Fallen Nature, Fallen Selves: Early Modern French Thought II

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199291038
eISBN:
9780191710599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291038.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

Scholars have attempted to understand 17th-century writers’ interest in self-knowledge and self-deception in historical terms by linking it to ideological conflict with a class dimension (Paul ... More


Dualism and Occasionalism: Arnauld and the Development of Cartesian Metaphysics

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is an examination of the nature and extent of Arnauld’s commitment to occasionalism. It is argued that the Cartesian Arnauld, while not a thoroughgoing occasionalist, nonetheless used ... More


Ryle's Knowing-How, and Knowing How to Act

Jennifer Hornsby

in Knowing How: Essays on Knowledge, Mind, and Action

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195389364
eISBN:
9780199932368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389364.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Ryle's paper ‘Knowing How and Knowing That’ (1945), like chapter 2 of The Concept of Mind (1949), is concerned with how “thinking affects the course of practice,” but the paper treats a more ... More


Introduction

Ernie Lepore and Kirk Ludwig

in Donald Davidson: Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251346
eISBN:
9780191602634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251347.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Provides a synoptic overview of the book and Davidson’s philosophical project, emphasizing the interrelation of fives themes, compositionality, meaning, the inutility of reifying meanings, truth, ... More


John Dewey’s Theory of Knowledge

Anthony Quinton

in Of Men and Manners: Essays Historical and Philosophical

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694556
eISBN:
9780191731938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694556.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses Dewey's theory of knowledge. The intellectualist sees knowledge as something absolutely certain, which is contemplatively seen, by a mind that is at most contingently embodied, ... More


Malebranche's Theory of the Soul: A Cartesian Interpretation

Tad Schmaltz

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103441
eISBN:
9780199833641
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103440.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book considers in the broader context of early modern Cartesianism Malebranche's claim that consciousness of the soul yields knowledge of a nature that is radically inferior in kind to the ... More


From Romsey to Paris

Ted McCormick

in William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter examines Petty's early life and apprenticeship in England, education at a Jesuit collège in Normandy, and studies in philosophy and medicine in Utrecht, Leiden, Amsterdam and Paris ... More


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