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Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Skepticism poses a central challenge in epistemology, but its opponents focus on Cartesian or Academic skepticism, whereas almost all actual defenders of skepticism are Pyrrhonians who suspend belief ... More


The Subject's Point of View

Katalin Farkas

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199230327
eISBN:
9780191710629
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230327.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book defends a conception of the mind that is inspired by some of Descartes's writings. The crucial feature of the Cartesian view defended is not dualism — which is not adopted here — but ... More


Thoughts: Papers on Mind, Meaning, and Modality

Stephen Yablo

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199266463
eISBN:
9780191709111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266463.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book presents a collection of twelve essays which together constitute a modern-day examination of Cartesian themes in the metaphysics of mind. The book offers penetrating discussions of such ... More


Cartesian Method and the Problem of Reduction

Emily R. Grosholz

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242505
eISBN:
9780191680502
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242505.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Cartesian method, construed as a way of organizing domains of knowledge according to the ‘order of reason’, was a powerful reductive tool. Descartes produced important ... More


The Skeptics Are Coming! The Skeptics Are Coming!

Robert J. Fogelin

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay explains a Pyrrhonian skepticism in contrast with Cartesian skepticism, and then argues that what externalists and contextualists oppose is only Cartesian skepticism. It contends that ... More


Augustine and his Critics

Luigi Gioia

in The Theological Epistemology of Augustine's De Trinitate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553464
eISBN:
9780191720796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553464.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Early Christian Studies

This chapter presents a selective analysis of commentators who argue for anagogical or analogical interpretations of the dynamics of the De Trinitate, mainly Olivier Du Roy and Karl Barth. Other ... More


Avoiding Cartesian Materialism

Nancey Murphy and Warren S. Brown

in Did My Neurons Make Me Do It?: Philosophical and Neurobiological Perspectives on Moral Responsibility and Free Will

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199215393
eISBN:
9780191707025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215393.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the legacy of Descartes in attempting to understand the human mind, a legacy often referred to as Cartesian materialism. An account is given of the many ways in which Cartesian ... More


The Problem of the Criterion

Ernest Sosa

in A Virtue Epistemology: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume I

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297023
eISBN:
9780191711411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297023.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter confronts the Pyrrhonian problematic based on the fearsome circle/regress/foundations trilemma using the animal/reflective epistemology developed in earlier chapters. It is argued that ... More


EXPONENTIALS

Steve Awodey

in Category Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568612
eISBN:
9780191717567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568612.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Algebra

This chapter focuses on another elementary universal structure, which is also an example of a universal that is not a limit. This important structure is called an ‘exponential’ and it can be thought ... More


LU DECOMPOSITION

Rob H. Bisseling

in Parallel Scientific Computation: A Structured Approach using BSP and MPI

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529392
eISBN:
9780191712869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529392.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter discusses parallel dense matrix computations, in particular the solution of linear systems by LU decomposition with partial pivoting. A general Cartesian scheme is presented for the ... More


SPARSE MATRIX–VECTOR MULTIPLICATION

Rob H. Bisseling

in Parallel Scientific Computation: A Structured Approach using BSP and MPI

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529392
eISBN:
9780191712869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529392.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter introduces irregular algorithms and presents the example of multiplying a sparse matrix with a vector, which is the central operation in iterative solvers for linear systems and ... More


AUTOMORPHISM GROUPS OF RECURSIVELY SATURATED MODELS

Roman Kossak and James H. Schmerl

in The Structure of Models of Peano Arithmetic

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568278
eISBN:
9780191718199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568278.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter shows two major results. One, due to Lascar, says that countable arithmetically saturated models of PA have sequences of generic automorphisms, and consequently have a small index ... More


Kantian Apperception and the Non‐Cartesian Subject

Karl Ameriks

in Kant and the Historical Turn: Philosophy as Critical Interpretation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199205349
eISBN:
9780191709272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205349.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter offers an apologetic interpretation of the most basic features of Kant's central doctrine of apperception, and argues that this doctrine reveals that Kant's view of the self is in fact ... More


Modality, Modal Epistemology, and the Metaphysics of Consciousness

Christopher S. Hill

in The Architecture of the Imagination: New Essays on Pretence, Possibility, and Fiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199275731
eISBN:
9780191706103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275731.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Cartesian modal arguments for property dualism presuppose that facts about the essential natures of pain and other qualitative properties can be grasped a priori by merely conceiving of them or ... More


Initiation into the Rule of Truth

William J. Abraham

in Canon and Criterion in Christian Theology: From the Fathers to Feminism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250035
eISBN:
9780191600388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250030.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The Reformation constituted a deep epistemological crisis for Western religion and culture. The Cartesian revolution sought to find a way beyond the wars of religion by using doubt as a weapon to ... More


Necessity

Keith Hossack

in The Metaphysics of Knowledge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199206728
eISBN:
9780191709777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206728.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers an epistemic account of necessity: a fact is necessary if it has an a priori mode of presentation, contingent otherwise. The discussion proceeds as follows. Section 1 gives the ... More


Persons and Minds

Katalin Farkas

in The Subject's Point of View

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199230327
eISBN:
9780191710629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230327.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Our list of mental features is the same as the Cartesian list, and rather different from, say, the Aristotelian list of psychological powers. The present proposal is not committed to dualism about ... More


Ending the Great Misery of Protestantism

William J. Abraham

in Canon and Criterion in Christian Theology: From the Fathers to Feminism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250035
eISBN:
9780191600388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250030.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Karl Barth's vision of a Neoorthodoxy that would recover the insights of the Protestant Reformation looked to the material content of scripture to fend off the encroachments of bad epistemology as ... More


Historical Context of Cartesian Physics

Emily R. Grosholz

in Cartesian Method and the Problem of Reduction

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242505
eISBN:
9780191680502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242505.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter compares in some detail Descartes's scientific achievements with those of his contemporaries. It explores the difficulties that Cartesian ... More


Certainty: Psychological, Moral, and Metaphysical

Edwin Curley

in Essays on the Philosophy and Science of René Descartes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075519
eISBN:
9780199853052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075519.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines Peter Markie's book, “Descartes Gambit,” Edwin Curley's work titled “Descartes Against the Skeptics” and the exchange of criticisms between the two works. The “gambit” Markie ... More


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