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3. 3. Dominus Pacificus: The Age of Charlemagne

Paul J. E. Kershaw

in Peaceful Kings: Peace, Power and the Early Medieval Political Imagination

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780198208709
eISBN:
9780191594731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208709.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Beginning with a general overview of the Carolingian period, this chapter explores the political ideas of Charlemagne's early years of rule, 771‐800, his acclamation in Rome in 800, and the meaning ... More


Introduction

Graeme Ward

in History, Scripture, and Authority in the Carolingian Empire: Frechulf of Lisieux

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197267288
eISBN:
9780191965111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197267288.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Frechulf of Lisieux’s Histories are one of the richest but least studied works of Carolingian historiography. This introductory chapter accounts for this neglect while also setting out a new ... More


Origins of City-States

David Stasavage

in States of Credit: Size, Power, and the Development of European Polities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140575
eISBN:
9781400838875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140575.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the origins of European city-states. It has long been observed that within Europe, autonomous cities tended to emerge in a relatively narrow belt stretching from the Low ... More


A Fresh Look at Early Castles

CHARLES L. H. COULSON

in Castles in Medieval Society: Fortresses in England, France, and Ireland in the Central Middle Ages

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208242
eISBN:
9780191716676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208242.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

To speak of ‘fortresses and society’ is, indeed, a truism. As soon as wealth for survival was accumulated, notably harvested grain and domesticated animals, demarcation and defence were required. For ... More


History, Scripture, and Authority in the Carolingian Empire: Frechulf of Lisieux

Graeme Ward

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197267288
eISBN:
9780191965111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197267288.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This book offers a detailed analysis of the work of the ninth-century historian Frechulf of Lisieux. Completed c. 830, Frechulf’s Histories comprise a vast account of the world from its creation ... More


Introduction: The Scandals of God’s Servant

Matthew Bryan Gillis

in Heresy and Dissent in the Carolingian Empire: The Case of Gottschalk of Orbais

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198797586
eISBN:
9780191839153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198797586.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Gottschalk of Orbais was an exceptional religious dissenter and heretic in the Carolingian Empire, whose Christianity required cooperation with ecclesiastical superiors and willing participation in ... More


Aristocratic life 888–987

Jean Dunbabin

in France in the Making 843–1180

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208464
eISBN:
9780191678028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208464.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

In a sense, all tenth-century political history is family history. The important men — counts, dukes, and marquises — of the Carolingian empire were bound together by blood-ties that, though they did ... More


“Wolves Devouring the Lambs of Christ”

John Howe

in Before the Gregorian Reform: The Latin Church at the Turn of the First Millennium

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452895
eISBN:
9781501703713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452895.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines how the Latin Church was reformed in the tenth century following a series of attacks on the Carolingian Empire by non-Christian invaders. The epic Battle of Maldon, composed in ... More


A Monk Against His Abbot, 829

Matthew Bryan Gillis

in Heresy and Dissent in the Carolingian Empire: The Case of Gottschalk of Orbais

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198797586
eISBN:
9780191839153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198797586.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Chapter 1 examines Gottschalk’s legal case against Abbot Hrabanus Maurus of Fulda, at the Synod of Mainz, 829, where he alleged that Hrabanus had illegally forced him to become a monk while still a ... More


Queens and Dynasties in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries

Simon MacLean

in Ottonian Queenship

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198800101
eISBN:
9780191839887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198800101.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Political History

This chapter provides an introduction to the problems of interpreting early medieval queenship, and explains the core arguments of the book. Existing historiography is summarized and the main sources ... More


A Missionary of Grace, ca. 835–848

Matthew Bryan Gillis

in Heresy and Dissent in the Carolingian Empire: The Case of Gottschalk of Orbais

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198797586
eISBN:
9780191839153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198797586.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

This chapter reconstructs Gottschalk’s priestly career, when he preached a controversial, Augustinian-based theology of predestination in Italy and as a missionary in southeastern Europe in the late ... More


Conclusion: Heresy and Dissent in the Carolingian Empire

Matthew Bryan Gillis

in Heresy and Dissent in the Carolingian Empire: The Case of Gottschalk of Orbais

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198797586
eISBN:
9780191839153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198797586.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Gottschalk of Orbais was an exceptional ninth-century religious dissenter and heretic in the Carolingian Empire, whose literary and spiritual self-representations, his Augustinian-based theology of ... More


France in the Making 843–1180

Jean Dunbabin

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208464
eISBN:
9780191678028
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208464.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Covering the centuries between the disintegration of the Carolingian empire and the rise of the French monarchy, this book traces the long period of gestation that ended with the emergence of the ... More


Heresy and Dissent in the Carolingian Empire: The Case of Gottschalk of Orbais

Matthew Bryan Gillis

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198797586
eISBN:
9780191839153
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198797586.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Heresy and Dissent in the Carolingian Empire: The Case of Gottschalk of Orbais recounts the history of an exceptional ninth-century religious outlaw. Frankish Christianity required obedience to ... More


The Origins of Gandersheim

Sarah Greer

in Commemorating Power in Early Medieval Saxony: Writing and Rewriting the Past at Gandersheim and Quedlinburg

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780198850137
eISBN:
9780191884580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850137.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The establishment of the convent of Gandersheim c.852 is often seen as an origin point for its founding family as well, denoting the Liudolfings’ first use of a memorial centre to build up their ... More


Imagining Religious Leadership in the Middle Ages: Richard of Saint-Vanne and the Politics of Reform

Steven Vanderputten

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453779
eISBN:
9780801456305
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453779.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Around the turn of the first millennium AD, there emerged in the former Carolingian Empire a generation of abbots that came to be remembered as one of the most influential in the history of Western ... More


Introduction: Commemorating Power in Early Medieval Saxony

Sarah Greer

in Commemorating Power in Early Medieval Saxony: Writing and Rewriting the Past at Gandersheim and Quedlinburg

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780198850137
eISBN:
9780191884580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850137.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This introductory chapter presents the importance of memory as a theme within the study of medieval history and explains the ability of monasteries to function as memorial sites in multiple different ... More


Saxon Female Monasticism c.852–1024

Sarah Greer

in Commemorating Power in Early Medieval Saxony: Writing and Rewriting the Past at Gandersheim and Quedlinburg

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780198850137
eISBN:
9780191884580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850137.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The suggestion that early medieval Saxon female monasticism is unique or exceptional for its intensity and prestige dominates current scholarship. Explanations for this exceptionality have focused on ... More


The Bishop’s Relics, 752–899

Benjamin Brand

in Holy Treasure and Sacred Song: Relic Cults and their Liturgies in Medieval Tuscany

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199351350
eISBN:
9780199351374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199351350.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Tuscan bishops of the eighth and ninth centuries reshaped the sacred topographies of their cities by translating (or transferring) saints’ relics from suburban or rural shrines to urban basilicas. As ... More


Betrayal and Injustice in the Early 830s

Matthew Bryan Gillis

in Heresy and Dissent in the Carolingian Empire: The Case of Gottschalk of Orbais

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198797586
eISBN:
9780191839153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198797586.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Gottschalk’s attempts to develop his clerical career in the early 830s were linked to the support of a powerful patron: Archbishop Ebbo of Rheims. Gottschalk, however, was quickly embroiled in the ... More


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