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Origins of City-States

David Stasavage

in States of Credit: Size, Power, and the Development of European Polities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140575
eISBN:
9781400838875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140575.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the origins of European city-states. It has long been observed that within Europe, autonomous cities tended to emerge in a relatively narrow belt stretching from the Low ... More


A Fresh Look at Early Castles

CHARLES L. H. COULSON

in Castles in Medieval Society: Fortresses in England, France, and Ireland in the Central Middle Ages

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208242
eISBN:
9780191716676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208242.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

To speak of ‘fortresses and society’ is, indeed, a truism. As soon as wealth for survival was accumulated, notably harvested grain and domesticated animals, demarcation and defence were required. For ... More


Introduction: The Scandals of God’s Servant

Matthew Bryan Gillis

in Heresy and Dissent in the Carolingian Empire: The Case of Gottschalk of Orbais

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198797586
eISBN:
9780191839153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198797586.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Gottschalk of Orbais was an exceptional religious dissenter and heretic in the Carolingian Empire, whose Christianity required cooperation with ecclesiastical superiors and willing participation in ... More


“Wolves Devouring the Lambs of Christ”

John Howe

in Before the Gregorian Reform: The Latin Church at the Turn of the First Millennium

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452895
eISBN:
9781501703713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452895.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines how the Latin Church was reformed in the tenth century following a series of attacks on the Carolingian Empire by non-Christian invaders. The epic Battle of Maldon, composed in ... More


Queens and Dynasties in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries

Simon MacLean

in Ottonian Queenship

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198800101
eISBN:
9780191839887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198800101.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Political History

This chapter provides an introduction to the problems of interpreting early medieval queenship, and explains the core arguments of the book. Existing historiography is summarized and the main sources ... More


A Monk Against His Abbot, 829

Matthew Bryan Gillis

in Heresy and Dissent in the Carolingian Empire: The Case of Gottschalk of Orbais

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198797586
eISBN:
9780191839153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198797586.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Chapter 1 examines Gottschalk’s legal case against Abbot Hrabanus Maurus of Fulda, at the Synod of Mainz, 829, where he alleged that Hrabanus had illegally forced him to become a monk while still a ... More


Conclusion: Heresy and Dissent in the Carolingian Empire

Matthew Bryan Gillis

in Heresy and Dissent in the Carolingian Empire: The Case of Gottschalk of Orbais

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198797586
eISBN:
9780191839153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198797586.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Gottschalk of Orbais was an exceptional ninth-century religious dissenter and heretic in the Carolingian Empire, whose literary and spiritual self-representations, his Augustinian-based theology of ... More


Heresy and Dissent in the Carolingian Empire: The Case of Gottschalk of Orbais

Matthew Bryan Gillis

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198797586
eISBN:
9780191839153
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198797586.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Heresy and Dissent in the Carolingian Empire: The Case of Gottschalk of Orbais recounts the history of an exceptional ninth-century religious outlaw. Frankish Christianity required obedience to ... More


A Missionary of Grace, ca. 835–848

Matthew Bryan Gillis

in Heresy and Dissent in the Carolingian Empire: The Case of Gottschalk of Orbais

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198797586
eISBN:
9780191839153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198797586.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

This chapter reconstructs Gottschalk’s priestly career, when he preached a controversial, Augustinian-based theology of predestination in Italy and as a missionary in southeastern Europe in the late ... More


Imagining Religious Leadership in the Middle Ages: Richard of Saint-Vanne and the Politics of Reform

Steven Vanderputten

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453779
eISBN:
9780801456305
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453779.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Around the turn of the first millennium AD, there emerged in the former Carolingian Empire a generation of abbots that came to be remembered as one of the most influential in the history of Western ... More


The Bishop’s Relics, 752–899

Benjamin Brand

in Holy Treasure and Sacred Song: Relic Cults and their Liturgies in Medieval Tuscany

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199351350
eISBN:
9780199351374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199351350.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Tuscan bishops of the eighth and ninth centuries reshaped the sacred topographies of their cities by translating (or transferring) saints’ relics from suburban or rural shrines to urban basilicas. As ... More


Betrayal and Injustice in the Early 830s

Matthew Bryan Gillis

in Heresy and Dissent in the Carolingian Empire: The Case of Gottschalk of Orbais

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198797586
eISBN:
9780191839153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198797586.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Gottschalk’s attempts to develop his clerical career in the early 830s were linked to the support of a powerful patron: Archbishop Ebbo of Rheims. Gottschalk, however, was quickly embroiled in the ... More


Holy Treasure and Sacred Song: Relic Cults and their Liturgies in Medieval Tuscany

Benjamin Brand

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199351350
eISBN:
9780199351374
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199351350.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This book explores the complex interplay between relic cults and the liturgy in the Middle Ages. The cults of saints buried in churches throughout Christendom provoked expressions of devotion through ... More


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