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Oracles of Science: Celebrity Scientists versus God and Religion

Karl Giberson and Mariano Artigas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195310726
eISBN:
9780199785179
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310726.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book examines the popular writings of the six scientists who have been the most influential in shaping perceptions of science, how it works, and how it relates to other fields of human endeavor, ... More


Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

George Basalla

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book records the long scientific search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI). Although philosophical speculation about alien civilizations dates to antiquity, the invention of the telescope ... More


Mars Unveiled

George Basalla

in Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195171815
eISBN:
9780199786862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

NASA spacecraft orbiting Mars in the 1960s and 1970s returned images of a cratered Mars with no signs of Lowell’s canals or life of any kind. However, Martian life as well as Martian civilization ... More


Cosmos and the Structure of “Epic Myth”

Nasser Zakariya

in A Final Story: Science, Myth, and Beginnings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476124
eISBN:
9780226500737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500737.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Projections of scientific universal history amplified and made more customary the understandings of “myth” and “epic” as products of science rather than its obstacles. The 1980 series Cosmos ... More


Conclusion: Science and Beyond

Karl Giberson and Mariano Artigas

in Oracles of Science: Celebrity Scientists versus God and Religion

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195310726
eISBN:
9780199785179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310726.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The oracles of science: Carl Sagan, Stephen Weinberg, Richard Dawkins, Stephen Hawking, Edward O. Wilson, and Stephen Jay Gould make connections between science and culture, and they particularly ... More


Scientific Tribes and Totalizing Myths

Nasser Zakariya

in A Final Story: Science, Myth, and Beginnings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476124
eISBN:
9780226500737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500737.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Contrary to extensive critique of cultural and epistemological syntheses, a number of scientists promoted what they and others pronounced a new myth, endorsing a broad universalism. The syntheses of ... More


Imagining the apocalypse: nuclear winter in science and the world

Paul Rubinson

in Understanding the Imaginary War: Culture, Thought and Nuclear Conflict, 1945-90

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781784994402
eISBN:
9781526115126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784994402.003.0011
Subject:
History, Military History

During the 1980s, Carl Sagan and other scientists used the theory of nuclear winter to criticize the arms race. Historians have largely dismissed nuclear winter as a political movement. In fact, ... More


Science and Religion in Carl Sagan’s Contact

Christopher Douglas

in If God Meant to Interfere: American Literature and the Rise of the Christian Right

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702112
eISBN:
9781501703539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702112.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter discusses the account of Carl Sagan, who, unlike the New Atheists of recent years, sought middle ground in the struggle between science and religion. An astronomer by training and ... More


Media, Metaphor, and the “Oracles of Science”

Lynda Walsh

in Scientists as Prophets: A Rhetorical Genealogy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199857098
eISBN:
9780199345410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857098.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter examines how Carl Sagan, Stephen Hawking, and Stephen Jay Gould, and notes that the polities they addressed together constituted a powerful prophetic ethos—with special attention to ... More


Concern about the Good Name of Science—and with Getting the Message Across

Lawrence Badash

in A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

As more and more scientists gained experience in the application of science in support of public policy, their involvement in politics often generated a positive response. However, the old ... More


Politics and the Arms Race

Lawrence Badash

in A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Freeman Dyson, a physicist and an author, was one of the few who raised the issue of morality in the nuclear winter debate. Virtually silent regarding the subject were the Roman Catholic bishops, ... More


Other Voices, and Some Echoes

Lawrence Badash

in A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.003.0018
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During the 1980s, peace and environmental advocates such as the Audubon Society and the Council for a Livable World Education Fund made a common stand concerning nuclear winter. In 1984, Carl Sagan ... More


The Unseasonable Grooviness of Immanuel Velikovsky

Michael D. Gordin

in Groovy Science: Knowledge, Innovation, and American Counterculture

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226372884
eISBN:
9780226373072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226373072.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The debate over the cosmic catastrophism of Immanuel Velikovsky (1895-1979), expressed most fully in his wildly best-selling Worlds in Collision, was one of the most visible, most protracted, and ... More


Bureaucracy and Bickering

Lawrence Badash

in A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Freeman Dyson disagreed with the notion that the research goal was to narrow the range of possibilities for the many ingredients of nuclear winter. While he believed in the evils of nuclear war, ... More


Publicity

Lawrence Badash

in A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Many non-governmental organizations have expressed concern over the threat of nuclear war in the decades since the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The twentieth century was characterized by ... More


Inside the Beltway, 1984

Lawrence Badash

in A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During the summer of 1983, the Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA) responded to the possibility that nuclear winter might be a real phenomenon in a prompt and honest manner. Like other government agencies, ... More


More Publicity

Lawrence Badash

in A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Following the Halloween 1983 “World After Nuclear War” conference, a body called the Center on the Consequences of Nuclear War was created to provide information on nuclear winter to the media and to ... More


Policy and the Arms Race

Lawrence Badash

in A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The federal government was hopelessly in a dilemma about nuclear winter, concerned that it might force a reconsideration of its national policy. The military was less apprehensive, recognizing quite ... More


Strategic Analyses

Lawrence Badash

in A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.003.0016
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The nuclear winter did not generate excitement among the public, but spurred nuclear analysts and policy experts to contemplate on the issues. Carl Sagan and his fellow nuclear winter proponents ... More


Report after Report

Lawrence Badash

in A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

On December 11, 1984, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) issued its final report on nuclear winter. The report was a vindication of sorts for Carl Sagan and his TTAPS team of Richard Turco, Owen ... More


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