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Causation

Hidemi Suganami

in On the Causes of War

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273387
eISBN:
9780191684043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273387.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the outcomes of various historical investigations into the causes of particular wars. First, it analyses three common theories of the concept of causation. The first theory ... More


Explanation and Causal Relevance

Carl F. Craver

in Explaining the Brain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199299317
eISBN:
9780191715075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299317.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter defends a causal-mechanical view of explanation in neuroscience by arguing against three other philosophical accounts of scientific explanation: Paul Churchland's representational ... More


A Defense of Achinstein's Pragmatism about Explanation

Adam M. Goldstein

in Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199738625
eISBN:
9780199894642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738625.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Carl Hempel and many others influenced by him claim that explanations in science require showing why the event to be explained occurred, by showing that it is necessary, given the laws of nature and ... More


Kuhn’s Gap: From Logic to Sociology

William Rehg

in Cogent Science in Context: The Science Wars, Argumentation Theory, and Habermas

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182713
eISBN:
9780262255318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182713.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses and characterizes the gap between logical and social-institutional perspectives in terms of argumentation theory after the publication of Thomas Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific ... More


Psychopathology without Nosology: The Research Domain Criteria Project as Normal Science

Claire Pouncey

in Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035484
eISBN:
9780262341752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Although the National Institute of Mental Health characterizes its Research Domain Criteria program as a “paradigm shift,” its change in emphasis from discrete mental disorders to psychophysiological ... More


Understanding and the Aims of Science

Henk W. de Regt

in Understanding Scientific Understanding

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190652913
eISBN:
9780190652944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190652913.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Philosophers of science have long believed that understanding, contrary to explanation, is a philosophically irrelevant notion. On Carl Hempel’s influential view, understanding is psychological and ... More


Explanatory Understanding: A Plurality of Models

Henk W. de Regt

in Understanding Scientific Understanding

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190652913
eISBN:
9780190652944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190652913.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reviews the philosophical debate on scientific explanation from the perspective of the understanding question. Since the 1950s, explanation has been a central topic of discussion among ... More


Ordinary Language and the Unordinary Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Steven Gimbel and Jeffrey Maynes

in Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199738625
eISBN:
9780199894642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738625.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In 1959, Peter Achinstein left Harvard and his Logical Positivist-influenced teachers and spent a year working at Oxford during the heyday of ordinary language philosophy. In his writings on evidence ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


‘How does it Work?’ vs. ‘What are the Laws?’: Two Conceptions of Psychological Explanation

Robert Cummins

in The World in the Head

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199548033
eISBN:
9780191809835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199548033.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the deductive nomological (DN) model of explanation and ‘capacities’, as the two primary concepts of psychological explanation. The DN model, developed by Carl G. Hempel and ... More


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