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Self as Performance

Jonardon Ganeri

in The Concealed Art of the Soul: Theories of Self and Practices of Truth in Indian Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202416
eISBN:
9780191708558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202416.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the theory of selfhood developed by the Mādhyamika philosophers, especially Nāgārjuna and Candrakīrti, according to which becoming a self is an activity or performance. Various ... More


Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

The Cowherds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The doctrine of the two truths—a conventional truth and an ultimate truth—is central to Buddhist metaphysics and epistemology. The two truths (or two realities), the distinction between them, and the ... More


Is Everything Connected to Everything Else? What the Gopīs Know

Mark Siderits

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

From the Madhyamaka claim that nothing has intrinsic nature it follows that nothing could be ultimately real. It is sometimes said to be a further consequence of emptiness that conventionally real ... More


Two Truths: Two Models

Graham Priest

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Madhyamaka-influenced schools of Buddhism are committed to the view that there are two realities (the doctrine of “two truths”). This chapter provides two ways in which the idea may be (and has been) ... More


Taking Conventional Truth Seriously: Authority regarding Deceptive Reality

Jay L. Garfield

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Mādhyamika philosophers in India and Tibet distinguish between two truths—the conventional and the ultimate. It is difficult, however, to say in what sense conventional truth is indeed a truth as ... More


Prāsaṅgika Epistemology in Context

Sonam Thakchöe

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Some argue that a Prāsaṅgika Mādhyamika is committed to rejecting all epistemic instruments (pramāṇa) because they reject intrinsic natures (svabhāva) and intrinsic characteristics (svalakṣaṇa). This ... More


Can a Mādhyamika Be a Skeptic? The Case of Patsab Nyimadrak

Georges Dreyfus

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter compares the twelfth-century Tibetan thinker Patsab’s interpretation of Madhyamaka with certain readings of ancient skepticism, focusing on the central question that skeptical accounts ... More


Madhyamaka and Classical Greek Skepticism

Georges Dreyfus and Jay L. Garfield

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter explores the relation between two doxographic distinctions—between Prāsaṅgika and Svātantrika Madhyamaka in India and Tibet on the one hand and Academic and Pyrrhonian skepticism in ... More


Relativism in Buddhist Philosophy: Candrakīrti on Mutual Dependence and the Basis of Convention

Elena Walsh

in The Moon Points Back

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190226862
eISBN:
9780190226893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190226862.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter considers the Madhyamīka claim that knowledge is merely conventional or relative (saṃvṛti). In his Prasannapadā, Candrakīrti and an unnamed interlocutor (whose position closely resembles ... More


Buddhist Ethics in the Context of Conventional Truth: Path and Transformation

Jay L. Garfield

in Moonpaths: Ethics and Emptiness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190260507
eISBN:
9780190260538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260507.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter argues that there is no special problem in Buddhist ethics. Instead of solving a problem about ethics in the context of conventional truth, it seeks to eliminate an apparent problem. It ... More


Waking into Compassion: The Three Ālambana of Karuṇā

Stephen Jenkins

in Moonpaths: Ethics and Emptiness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190260507
eISBN:
9780190260538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260507.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Anyone who becomes familiar with Buddhist thought must deal with the question of how compassion can be meaningful, if both its agent and its object are ultimately unreal. The ultimate truth of ... More


Madhyamaka

Jan Westerhoff

in The Golden Age of Indian Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198732662
eISBN:
9780191796876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198732662.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The chapter begins by presenting a general overview of the rise of the Mahāyāna and its relation to the main schools of Buddhist philosophy associated with it, Madhyamaka and Yogācāra. This is ... More


Nonduality of Madhyamaka and Yogācāra

Douglas S. Duckworth

in Tibetan Buddhist Philosophy of Mind and Nature

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190883959
eISBN:
9780190883980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190883959.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter shows the ways that Madhyamaka and Mind-Only can be seen to offer distinct depictions of the world, framed in terms of a relationship between ontology and phenomenology. The perspectives ... More


The Madhyamaka Critique of Epistemology II

Mark Siderits

in Studies in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198754862
eISBN:
9780191816369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754862.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This essay focuses on an example of the Madhyamaka critique following the logico-epistemological school in Candrakīrti’s Prasannapadā. In the Prasannapadā Candrakīrti takes on Dignāga’s theory of the ... More


How Does Merely Conventional Karma Work?

Guy Newland

in Moonpaths: Ethics and Emptiness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190260507
eISBN:
9780190260538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260507.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter attempts to make sense of karma within a Madhyamaka conception of conventional truth, focusing on the tradition running from Nāgārjuna through Candrakīrti to Tsongkhapa. It begins by ... More


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